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Brazil History Timeline

Brazil's Information

Flag of Brazil
Land Area 8,358,140 km2
Water Area 157,630 km2
Total Area 8,515,770km2 (#5)
Population 205,823,665 (#5)
Population Density 24.63/km2
Government Type Federal Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $3,080.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $14,800
Currency Real (BRL)
More Information Brazil
Largest Cities

1500s - 1600s

  • (1500) Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil, claimed for Portugal
  • (1540) Cabeza de Vaca appointed governor of Rio de la Plata
  • (1550) African slaves worked in sugar plantations
  • (1624) Dutch conquered Salvador
  • (1636) General Henrique Dias won decisive battle against Dutch
  • (1661) Holland sold Brazil to Portugal for 8 million guilders
1700s - 1800s
  • (1763) Capital changed from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro
  • (1789) Joaquim Jose da Silva Xavier initiated first Brazilian rebellion against Portugal
  • (1822) Brazil declared independence from Portugal
  • (1888) Slavery abolished, 4 million slaves were freed
  • (1889) Monarchy overthrown; republic established
  • (1930) Getulio Vargas head of provisional revolutionary government after revolt
  • (1931) Christ the Redeemer statue unveiled in Rio de Janeiro celebrating 100 years of independence
  • (1943) Brazil joined Allies in World War II
  • (1945) Vargas ousted in military coup; new constitution returned power to states
  • (1951) Vargas elected president
  • (1954) Vargas committed suicide after military gave him options of resigning or being overthrown
  • (1956-61) Juscelino Kubitschek became president, helped achieve rapid economic growth
  • (1960) Kubitschek moved capital to Brasilia
  • (1964-1985) Military dictatorship ruled Brazil
  • (1982) Brazil halted payment of main foreign debt; is among the world's largest
  • (1985) Tancredo Neves elected first civilian president
  • (1992) Earth Summit held in Rio
  • (1996) Police killed 19 Amazon peasants in Eldorado dos Carajas
  • (1997) Constitution changed to allow president to run for re-election
  • (2000) Brazil's 500th anniversary celebrations marred by protests by indigenous Indians
  • (2001) President Cardoso abolished two government development agencies for Amazon and country's northeast
  • (2002) Financial markets panic; Luiz Inacio "Lula" da Silva won presidential election; Brazil won 5th world cup
  • (2003) Alcantara rocket exploded, killed 21 people
  • (2004) Brazil applied for permanent seat on UN Security Council; first space rocket launched
  • (2005) Death squad killed 30 people; corruption allegations rocked the governing worker's party
  • (2006) President Lula re-elected
  • (2007) 1,000 people freed from sugar-cane plantation in the Amazon; country's worst air crash in San Paulo
  • (2008) Foot-and-mouth disease halted all imports of Brazilian beef
  • (2009) Brazil and France agreed to fight global warming
  • (2011) Dilma Vana Rousseff elected first female president of Brazil
  • (2011) Football (Soccer) player and three-time FIFA Player of the Year winner Ronaldo Luís Nazário de Lima retires
This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Brazil Trivia

What is the Most Dangerous State in Brazil?

With a homicide rate of 64.6 per 100,000 as of 2012, the state of Alagoas in Northeastern Brazil has the highest murder rate in the country.

The Most Dangerous States In Brazil

Where are the Iguazu Falls?

Iguazu Falls is located in the Misiones Province in the Northeastern tip of Argentina, and borders the Brazilian state of Parana to the north. This semicircular waterfall is 1.7 miles (2.7 kilometers) in diameter with a height of 87.5 yards (80 meters), and is made up of 275 individual falls.

Where are the Iguazu Falls?

Where is the Purus River?

The Purus River runs 1,995 miles through the South American nations of Brazil and Peru.

Where is the Purus River?

What Kind of Reptiles Live in Brazil?

Some of the reptiles that live in Brazil include the Loggerhead sea turtle, the Brazilian galliwasp, and the Lutz tree iguana.

The Amazing Reptiles Of Brazil

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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Countries Of South America