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North Carolina

North Carolina History Timeline

  • (1524) Explorer Giovanni da Verrazano explored coastal areas for France
  • (1540) Hernando de Soto of Spain explored southwestern part of state searching for gold
  • (1584 - 1585) Sir Walter Raleigh sent colonists to establish English settlement on Roanoke Island
  • (1586) Hardships forced colonists to leave Roanoke Island, returned to England; Sir Frances Drake dropped off captured African-Caribbean slaves on Roanoke
  • (1587) Second colony established at Roanoke by John White; Virginia Dare became first English child born on American soil; White returned to England for supplies
  • (1590) White returned to Roanoke, all settlers gone; "CORATOAN" carved into tree
1600s - 1700s
  • (1663) King Charles II assigned Carolinas territory to eight court favorites, they became "true and absolute Lords Proprietors"
  • (1669) Colonial Carolina Fundamental Constitution legalized slavery
  • (1705) First town in North Carolina, Bath, was built
  • (1712) North Carolina made separate colony; war with Tuscarora Indians began
  • (1714) Tuscarora Indians defeated, moved north to join Iroquois
  • (1718) Pirate Blackbeard killed off coast
  • (1729) North Carolina became royal English colony
  • (1768) Back-country farmers organized Regulator Movement in attempt to reduce excessive taxes
  • (1771) Regulators suppressed at Alamance; Gov. Tyron had seven Regulators executed
  • (1774) Edenton Tea Party took place (Edenton women protested British rule by putting down their tea cups)
  • (1775) Hurricane struck Outer Banks; 165 killed; crops destroyed, mill-dams broken; unsuccessful attempt to instigate a slave revolt (Merrick's Slave Insurrection) frightened North Carolina slaveholders
  • (1776) North Carolina first state to vote for independence; North Carolina's first American Revolution battle fought at Moores Creek Bridge
  • (1789) North Carolina admitted to Union as 12th state; University of North Carolina received charter, first public school in U. S.
  • (1794) Capital moved from New Bern to Raleigh
  • (1799) First gold nugget in U. S. found at Reed Gold Mine, Cabarrus County
  • (Early 1800's) Very little progress made in state, appeared to be asleep, became known as "Rip Van Winkle" state
  • (1804) Walton War - dispute between North Carolina and Georgia over 12-mile strip of land in North Carolina
  • (1805) Georgia ceded 12-mile strip of land
  • (1828) North Carolina native, Andrew Jackson, became 7th president of U.S.
  • (1830's) U.S. government forced Cherokee Indians from homes "Trail of Tears"; many hid in mountains
  • (1831) Workmen fire proofing roof of State Capitol set building on fire; Nat Turner slave insurrection in Virginia caused execution of dozen North Carolina slaves
  • (1845) North Carolina native, James Polk, became 11th president of U.S.
  • (1851) Antislavery preachers, Adam Crooks, Jesse McBride, run out of state
  • (1853) First North Carolina state fair held
  • (1861) North Carolina left Union, voted to "undo" the act that had brought it into the United States, rather than secede
  • (1861 - 1865) Civil War took place; over 40,000 North Carolinians killed during war
  • (1865) Bloodiest battle in North Carolina occurred at Bentonville, Confederates defeated; large number of Confederates surrendered at Bennett Place
  • (1866) Tuscarora Indian, Henry Berry Lowrie, led revolt in Robeson County
  • (1868) North Carolina readmitted to Union
  • (1877) Federal reoccupation troops left state
  • (1878) Cherokee reservation formed in western N.C.
  • (1903) Wright brothers made man's first successful flight at Kitty Hawk
  • (1918) Fort Bragg established
  • (1920) 19th amendment gave women right to vote
  • (1943) Pembroke State College became nation's first four-year college for native Americans
  • (1954) Hurricane Hazel struck, 19 people killed, several hundred injured, 15,000 homes destroyed
  • (1955) Hurricane Ione caused $600 million in damages to crops
  • (1960) First sit-in occurred in Greensboro to protest segregation at lunch counters
  • (1986) Beaufort native, astronaut and pilot, Michael J. Smith, killed in Space Shuttle Challenger explosion
  • (1989) Hurricane Hugo struck, caused over $1 billion in damages
  • (1994) Raleigh-Durham area ranked best place to live in U.S.
  • (1996) Hurricane Fran struck, four people killed, 1.3 million left without power, over $500 million in damages; Governor Jim Hunt re-elected to 4th term; Elaine Marshall first female elected Secretary of State
  • (1999) Hurricane Floyd struck, 35 people killed, billions of dollars in damages
  • (2003) Police arrested Olympic bombing suspect, Eric Robert Rudolph, in Murphy
  • (2005) State legislature voted implementation of state lottery
  • (2006) North Carolina Hurricanes won hockey's Stanley Cup; 17,000 people evacuated after explosion at chemical plant near Apex
  • (2009) Seven people in North Carolina charged with plotting terror attacks in foreign countries, including Israel and Jordan
  • (2010) Duke University won NCAA Championship
  • (2011) Huricane Irene made landfall in North Carolina

North Carolina Photographs

Giovani da VerranzoHernando de SotoSir Walter RaleighCapitol BuildingBlackbeardRoanoke IslandKitty HawkBentonvilleFort BraggHurricane Hugo

North Carolina Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Burlington Alamance 336
Taylorsville Alexander 828
Sparta Alleghany 336
Wadesboro Anson 704
West Jefferson Ashe 336
Newland Avery 828
Washington Beaufort 252
Windsor Bertie 252
Elizabethtown Bladen 910
Leland Brunswick 910
Asheville Buncombe 828
Morganton Burke 828
Concord Cabarrus 704
Lenoir Caldwell 828
Camden Camden 252
Newport Carteret 252
Yanceyville Caswell 336
Hickory Catawba 828
Chapel Hill Chatham 919
Murphy Cherokee 828
Edenton Chowan 252
Hayesville Clay 828
Shelby Cleveland 704
Whiteville Columbus 910
New Bern Craven 252
Fayetteville Cumberland 910
Moyock Currituck 252
Kill Devil Hills Dare 252
Lexington Davidson 336
Mocksville Davie 336
Wallace Duplin 910
Durham Durham 919
Rocky Mount Edgecombe 252
Winston Salem Forsyth 336
Louisburg Franklin 919
Gastonia Gaston 704
Gates Gates 252
Robbinsville Graham 828
Oxford Granville 919
Snow Hill Greene 252
Greensboro Guilford 336
Roanoke Rapids Halifax 252
Dunn Harnett 910
Waynesville Haywood 828
Hendersonville Henderson 828
Ahoskie Hertford 252
Raeford Hoke 910
Engelhard Hyde 252
Mooresville Iredell 704
Sylva Jackson 828
Clayton Johnston 919
Trenton Jones 252
Sanford Lee 336
Kinston Lenoir 252
Lincolnton Lincoln 704
Franklin Macon 828
Marshall Madison 828
Williamston Martin 252
Marion McDowell 828
Charlotte Mecklenburg 704
Spruce Pine Mitchell 828
Troy Montgomery 910
Pinehurst Moore 910
Rocky Mount Nash 252
Wilmington New Hanover 910
Garysburg Northampton 252
Jacksonville Onslow 910
Chapel Hill Orange 919
Bayboro Pamlico 252
Elizabeth City Pasquotank 252
Hampstead Pender 910
Hertford Perquimans 252
Roxboro Person 336
Greenville Pitt 252
Tryon Polk 828
Asheboro Randolph 336
Rockingham Richmond 910
Lumberton Robeson 910
Reidsville Rockingham 336
Salisbury Rowan 704
Forest City Rutherford 828
Clinton Sampson 910
Laurinburg Scotland 910
Albemarle Stanly 704
King Stokes 336
Mount Airy Surry 336
Bryson City Swain 828
Brevard Transylvania 828
Columbia Tyrrell 252
Monroe Union 704
Henderson Vance 252
Raleigh Wake 919
Cary Wake 919
Warrenton Warren 252
Plymouth Washington 252
Boone Watauga 828
Goldsboro Wayne 919
North Wilkesboro Wilkes 336
Wilson Wilson 252
Yadkinville Yadkin 336
Burnsville Yancey 828

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.