North Carolina History Timeline1500s
- (1524) Explorer Giovanni da Verrazano explored coastal areas for France
- (1540) Hernando de Soto of Spain explored southwestern part of state searching for gold
- (1584 - 1585) Sir Walter Raleigh sent colonists to establish English settlement on Roanoke Island
- (1586) Hardships forced colonists to leave Roanoke Island, returned to England; Sir Frances Drake dropped off captured African-Caribbean slaves on Roanoke
- (1587) Second colony established at Roanoke by John White; Virginia Dare became first English child born on American soil; White returned to England for supplies
- (1590) White returned to Roanoke, all settlers gone; "CORATOAN" carved into tree
- (1663) King Charles II assigned Carolinas territory to eight court favorites, they became "true and absolute Lords Proprietors"
- (1669) Colonial Carolina Fundamental Constitution legalized slavery
- (1705) First town in North Carolina, Bath, was built
- (1712) North Carolina made separate colony; war with Tuscarora Indians began
- (1714) Tuscarora Indians defeated, moved north to join Iroquois
- (1718) Pirate Blackbeard killed off coast
- (1729) North Carolina became royal English colony
- (1768) Back-country farmers organized Regulator Movement in attempt to reduce excessive taxes
- (1771) Regulators suppressed at Alamance; Gov. Tyron had seven Regulators executed
- (1774) Edenton Tea Party took place (Edenton women protested British rule by putting down their tea cups)
- (1775) Hurricane struck Outer Banks; 165 killed; crops destroyed, mill-dams broken; unsuccessful attempt to instigate a slave revolt (Merrick's Slave Insurrection) frightened North Carolina slaveholders
- (1776) North Carolina first state to vote for independence; North Carolina's first American Revolution battle fought at Moores Creek Bridge
- (1789) North Carolina admitted to Union as 12th state; University of North Carolina received charter, first public school in U. S.
- (1794) Capital moved from New Bern to Raleigh
- (1799) First gold nugget in U. S. found at Reed Gold Mine, Cabarrus County
- (Early 1800's) Very little progress made in state, appeared to be asleep, became known as "Rip Van Winkle" state
- (1804) Walton War - dispute between North Carolina and Georgia over 12-mile strip of land in North Carolina
- (1805) Georgia ceded 12-mile strip of land
- (1828) North Carolina native, Andrew Jackson, became 7th president of U.S.
- (1830's) U.S. government forced Cherokee Indians from homes "Trail of Tears"; many hid in mountains
- (1831) Workmen fire proofing roof of State Capitol set building on fire; Nat Turner slave insurrection in Virginia caused execution of dozen North Carolina slaves
- (1845) North Carolina native, James Polk, became 11th president of U.S.
- (1851) Antislavery preachers, Adam Crooks, Jesse McBride, run out of state
- (1853) First North Carolina state fair held
- (1861) North Carolina left Union, voted to "undo" the act that had brought it into the United States, rather than secede
- (1861 - 1865) Civil War took place; over 40,000 North Carolinians killed during war
- (1865) Bloodiest battle in North Carolina occurred at Bentonville, Confederates defeated; large number of Confederates surrendered at Bennett Place
- (1866) Tuscarora Indian, Henry Berry Lowrie, led revolt in Robeson County
- (1868) North Carolina readmitted to Union
- (1877) Federal reoccupation troops left state
- (1878) Cherokee reservation formed in western N.C.
- (1903) Wright brothers made man's first successful flight at Kitty Hawk
- (1918) Fort Bragg established
- (1920) 19th amendment gave women right to vote
- (1943) Pembroke State College became nation's first four-year college for native Americans
- (1954) Hurricane Hazel struck, 19 people killed, several hundred injured, 15,000 homes destroyed
- (1955) Hurricane Ione caused $600 million in damages to crops
- (1960) First sit-in occurred in Greensboro to protest segregation at lunch counters
- (1986) Beaufort native, astronaut and pilot, Michael J. Smith, killed in Space Shuttle Challenger explosion
- (1989) Hurricane Hugo struck, caused over $1 billion in damages
- (1994) Raleigh-Durham area ranked best place to live in U.S.
- (1996) Hurricane Fran struck, four people killed, 1.3 million left without power, over $500 million in damages; Governor Jim Hunt re-elected to 4th term; Elaine Marshall first female elected Secretary of State
- (1999) Hurricane Floyd struck, 35 people killed, billions of dollars in damages
- (2003) Police arrested Olympic bombing suspect, Eric Robert Rudolph, in Murphy
- (2005) State legislature voted implementation of state lottery
- (2006) North Carolina Hurricanes won hockey's Stanley Cup; 17,000 people evacuated after explosion at chemical plant near Apex
- (2009) Seven people in North Carolina charged with plotting terror attacks in foreign countries, including Israel and Jordan
- (2010) Duke University won NCAA Championship
- (2011) Huricane Irene made landfall in North Carolina
North Carolina Photographs
North Carolina Cities, Counties & Area Codes
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About the AuthorJohn Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.