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Alabama Geography

In the north and northeastern regions of Alabama, and along much of its border with Georgia, the lands are hilly and mountainous.

The central, west and southwestern areas are covered by rolling grassland plains that slope gently west into Mississippi, and south to the Gulf of Mexico.

The Cumberland Plateau in the north is an elevated, somewhat flat area, dissected by the massive Tennessee River system and many small tributaries.

The Piedmont Upland is dominated by several flat-topped mountains, while the Piedmont Plateau in the southeast is generally less elevated land, averaging about 1000 ft. above sea level.

The Appalachian Mountains, about 1,500 miles in length, extend from north-central Alabama, up through the New England states and on into the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Quebec.

Alabama is heavily wooded, and in fact, forests cover almost 65% of available land. Several mountains of size stand in northeastern Alabama, with Lookout Mountain the most prominent. Further south in the Talladaga Range of the Appalachians, the highest point in the state, Cheaha Mountain, stands at 2,407 ft.

Underground caves are found throughout Alabama. Marshland and swamps are common in the far south along the Coastal Plain that fronts the Gulf of Mexico and stretches on into Florida.

Alabama contains over 1,350 miles of navigable rivers, more than any other continental U.S. State. Major ones include the Alabama, Chattahoochee, Conecuh, Mobile, Tennessee and Tombigbee.

For a closer look at the topography of Alabama, view this Landforms of America

  • Landforms of North America
  • Rivers of North America
  • Alabama Photographs

    Caver Enters Thunder Hole Cave in the Little Coon Valley of Alabama

    Underground cave...
    by Stephen Alvarez
    Buy This at Allposters.com

    Alabama Cities, Counties & Area Codes

    City County Area Code
    Prattville Autauga 334
    Daphne Baldwin 251
    Eufaula Barbour 334
    West Blocton Bibb 205
    Oneonta Blount 205
    Union Springs Bullock 334
    Greenville Butler 334
    Anniston Calhoun 256
    Valley Chambers 334
    Centre Cherokee 256
    Clanton Chilton 205
    Butler Choctaw 205
    Jackson Clarke 251
    Lineville Clay 256
    Heflin Cleburne 256
    Enterprise Coffee 334
    Tuscumbia Colbert 256
    Evergreen Conecuh 251
    Goodwater Coosa 256
    Andalusia Covington 334
    Luverne Crenshaw 334
    Cullman Cullman 256
    Ozark Dale 334
    Selma Dallas 334
    Fort Payne DeKalb 256
    Wetumpka Elmore 334
    Atmore Escambia 251
    Gadsden Etowah 256
    Fayette Fayette 205
    Russellville Franklin 256
    Slocomb Geneva 334
    Eutaw Greene 205
    Greensboro Hale 334
    Headland Henry 334
    Dothan Houston 334
    Scottsboro Jackson 256
    Birmingham Jefferson 205
    Vernon Lamar 205
    Florence Lauderdale 256
    Moulton Lawrence 256
    Auburn Lee 334
    Athens Limestone 256
    Hayneville Lowndes 334
    Tuskegee Macon 334
    Huntsville Madison 256
    Demopolis Marengo 334
    Hamilton Marion 205
    Albertville Marshall 256
    Mobile Mobile 251
    Monroeville Monroe 251
    Montgomery Montgomery 334
    Decatur Morgan 256
    Marion Perry 334
    Gordo Pickens 205
    Troy Pike 334
    Roanoke Randolph 334
    Phenix City Russell 334
    Pell City Saint Clair 205
    Birmingham Shelby 205
    Livingston Sumter 205
    Talladega Talladega 256
    Alexander City Tallapoosa 256
    Tuscaloosa Tuscaloosa 205
    Jasper Walker 205
    Millry Washington 251
    Camden Wilcox 334
    Haleyville Winston 205
    This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.