1. World Map /
  2. Europe/
  3. Slovakia/
  4. Slovakia Timeline

Slovakia History Timeline

Slovakia's Information

Flag of Slovakia
Land Area 48,105 km2
Water Area 930 km2
Total Area 49,035km2 (#127)
Population 5,445,802 (#118)
Population Density 113.21/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $169.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $31,200
Currency Euro (EUR)
Largest Cities
400's – 1800's
  • (400's) Slavs inhabited the region
  • (623) Slavic population unified by King Samo after successful insurrection against the Avars
  • (631) Samo defeated Frankish army at Battle of Wogastisburg
  • (665) Slavs were rejoined with Avars following death of Samo
  • (750-800) Slovenes Christianized
  • (803) King Charlemagne and Slavs defeated the Avars
  • (833) Great Moravia Empire founded, Mojmir I unified two neighboring states by force
  • (900's) Magyars invaded present day Slovakia, formed Greater Hungary under King Stephen, 1000 years of foreign control
  • (1526) Hapsburgs seized Upper Hungary (Slovakia), the Hapsburg Dynasty began
  • (1867) Dural monarch of Austria-Hungary formed after Hapsburg Emperor, Franz Josef, compromised with Hungarian nobles, Slovakia became part of the kingdom
  • (1918) Hapsburg ruled empire collapsed; Czechs and Slovaks came together, created Czechoslovakia
  • (1939) Germany occupied Czechoslovakia, German "protectorate" established; Slovak became a nominally independence state under Nazi Germany with Josef Tiso as prime minister
  • (1941) Jewish Code passed – all Jews were reqired to wear yellow armbands, banned from intermarriage and many jobs
  • (1942) Approximately 57,000 Jews deported to Poland, most of them were killed
  • (1944) Slovak National Uprising occurred with 60,000 Slovak troops and 18,000 partisans rose up against the Nazis
  • (1945) Soviet army liberated Slovakia, restored to prewar status; rejoined Czechoslovakian state
  • (1948) Communist party took power, Slovakia subjected to a centralized Czech-dominated government again, antagonism between the two republics developed
  • (1969) Nation became the Slovak Socialist Republic of Czechoslovakia
  • (1989) The Velvet Revolution began, led to the downfall of the Communist Party rule of 42 years; Vaclav Havel elected president of Czechoslovakia, democratic political reform began
  • (1992) Slovakia's government declared its independence from Czechoslovakia
  • (1993) The Republic of Slovakia became official; Michal Kovac elected president; Slovakia was bumped from NATO's invitation list, excluded from candidacy in the EU
  • (1998) Mikulas Dzurinda elected prime minister, began working on clearing Slovakia's status of a pariah state


  • (2002) Mikulas Dzurinda reelected, formed new coalition which focused on gaining invitation to NATO and EU and attracting foreign investment
  • (2003) 92% of voters approved EU membership
  • (2004) Slovakia joined NATO and the EU
  • (2005) Slovakia elected to two-year term on UN Security Council
  • (2005) Slovakia ratified the EU constitution
  • (2006) Robert Fico won parliamentary elections
  • (2006) Aircraft operated by Slovak Air Force carrying peacekeepers from Kosovo crashed in northern Hungary, 42 killed, one survivor
  • (2007) Slovakia became member of Europe's passport-free Schengen zone
  • (2008) Slovakia revalued its currency
  • (2009) Slovakia adopted the euro
  • (2009) Nuclear power plant was reopened
  • (2009) Ovan Gasparovic re-elected for second presidential term
  • (2009) Handlova mine blast killed 20
  • (2010) Lone gunman opened fire in suburb of Bratislava, eight killed, 17 injured
  • (2010) Slovakia agreed to accept three inmates from US prison at Guantanamo Bay
  • (2010) Iveta Radicova appointed prime minister
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries of Europe