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Armenia's Information

Flag of Armenia
Land Area 28,203 km2
Water Area 1,540 km2
Total Area 29,743km2 (#138)
Population 3,051,250 (#136)
Population Density 108.19/km2
Government Type Semi-presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $26.30 Billion
GDP Per Capita $8,900
Currency Dram (AMD)
More Information Armenia
Largest Cities
Historically Armenia and Azerbaijan have been long associated with Asia and the Middle East. In recent years some sources now consider them to be more closely aligned with Europe based on their modern economic and political trends. I.E. Both are similar to the former CIS country of Georgia, now included as part of Europe. We have moved in that direction as we attempt here to show the modern definitions, but in worldwide geography, there are often many answers (or opinions) to what appears to be a simple question.

Armenia is a mountainous, landlocked country, on the southeastern edge of Europe, and at the gateway to the Middle East and Asia.

This valuable geographical position for potential trade between continents became a curse of sorts. Over the centuries it was invaded and controlled by various empires, including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman.

Under the rule of the Ottomans, Armenia was able to enjoy substantial autonomy, and remained peaceful with other groups in the empire.

By 1908, the Ottoman Empire began to collapse, and as World War I erupted, Armenia was viewed as suspicious as many Armenians were part of the Russian army.

Ottoman authorities arrested Armenian intellectuals in April of 1915, sparking an outcry and resistance from local Armenians.

What occurred following this ordeal was the unfortunate deaths of an estimated 600,000 Armenians during a genocide that lasted only a year.

As World War I came to an end, Russia gained control of Armenia, and fortunately for Armenia, the country was spared from much of the destruction and devastation of World War II in the 1940s.

With the death of Joseph Stalin in 1953, growth accelerated in Soviet Armenia under the ruling of Nikita Khruschev.

However, as the decades passed tensions grew between Armenia and Soviet Azerbaijan over the district of Nagorno-Karabakh located in the latter region.

In 1970, nearly 500,000 Armenians lived in Azerbaijan, and the residents of Karabakh insisted on unification with Armenia.

An outbreak of violence occurred and lingered even when Armenia, along with Azerbaijan, gained independence in 1991.

The regional fighting continued with Azerbaijan over land control, which bloodied both countries until a cease-fire agreement was finally reached in 1994.

The local economy still suffers from the long-term ramifications of war, an Azerbaijan fuel blockade, and a very severe 1988 earthquake that destroyed much of its infrastructure, and killed over 55,000 of its citizens.

Still, the country continues to make improvements in the 21st century, and as of 2012 was the 39th most economically free nation in the world.

This page was last updated on August 31, 2015.

Armenia Trivia

Is Armenia in Europe or Asia?

Officially known as the Republic of Armenia, Armenia Is a state that is located in Eurasia's South Caucasus region. The South Caucasus region refers to the area lying on the border between Western Asia and Eastern Europe, which is close to the southern Caucasus Mountains.

Is Armenia in Europe or Asia?

What Is The Capital Of Armenia?

Yerevan, also spelled Yerevan, serves as the capital city of the Armenia. It is not only the largest Armenian city but also among the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Yerevan, which is the country’s industrial, administrative, and cultural city, is found along River Hrazdan. Yerevan has been Armenia’s capital city since the year 1918.

What Is The Capital Of Armenia?

What Languages are Spoken in Armenia?

The official language of Armenia is Armenian while Assyrian, Greek, Russian, and Yazidi Kurdish are the major minority languages spoken in the country.

What Languages Are Spoken In Armenia?

Where is Armenia?

Armenia is a landlocked country in Eurasia.

Fun Facts About Armenia

What are Aspects of the Armenian Culture?

Armenia has been occupied by neighboring empires throughout much of its history. As such, time and time again the culture faced threat of extinction or assimilation into other dominant cultures. However, with the establishment of the Armenian Republic in the wake of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, there were reasons for renewed confidence in the sustainability of one of the oldest extant cultures of our world. Armenian language and literature is being vigorously promoted among new first language speakers, both at home and across the global Armenian population. Still, the unique language faces a threat of language disintegration abroad.

The Armenian People and Armenian Culture

What are the biggest industries in Armenia?

The economy is largely based on industries such as mining, jewelry, agriculture, textile, and tourism.

The Biggest Industries In Armenia

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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