Latitude: (shown as a horizontal line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator. Lines of latitude are often referred to as parallels.
Longitude: (shown as a vertical line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds, of a point east or west of the Prime (Greenwich) Meridian. Lines of longitude are often referred to as meridians.
"Europe" Latitude and Longitude examples: (see map)
|Barcelona, Spain:||41°||23'||N||/ 2°||10'||E|
|Kiev, Ukraine:||50°||27'||N||/ 30°||31'||E|
|Nicosia, Cyprus:||35°||10'||N||/ 33°||22'||E|
|Oslo, Norway:||59°||54'||N||/ 10°||45'||E|
|Paris, France:||48°||51'||N||/ 2°||21'||E|
|Rome, Italy:||41°||53'||N||/ 12°||28'||E|