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Uzbekistan History Timeline

Map of Uzbekistan
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Uzbekistan's Information

Flag of Uzbekistan
Land Area 425,400 km2
Water Area 22,000 km2
Total Area 447,400 km2
Population 29,473,614
Population Density 65.88 / km2
Government Type Presidential Republic; Highly Authoritarian
GDP (PPP) $202.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $6,500
Currency Som (UZS)
Largest Cities
  • Tashkent (1,978,028)
  • Namangan (432,456)
  • Samarqand (319,366)
  • Andijon (318,419)
  • Bukhara (247,644)
  • Nukus (230,006)
  • Qarshi (222,898)
  • Qo`qon (187,477)
  • Chirchiq (167,842)
  • Fergana (164,322)
  • (1st Century BC) Overland trade routes formed, including Great Silk Road, linking China with Middle East and Imperial Rome
600s AD - 1800s
  • (600 - 700) Arabs conquered area, converted inhabitants to Islam
  • (800 - 900) Persian Samanid Dynasty became dominant, Bukhara developed as important center for Islamic cultures
  • (1200 – 1300) Central Asia conquered by Genghis Khan, became part of Mongol empire
  • (1300's) Tamerlane, the Mongol-Turkic ruler, established empire, Samarkand became capital
  • (1865 - 1876) Russians took over Tashkent, incorporated vast areas of Central Asia
  • (1917) After Bolshevik revolution in Russia, Tashkent Soviet was established
  • (1918 - 1922) Communist rulers closed mosques, persecuted Muslim clergy
  • (1920) Emir of Bukhara and other khans were ousted by Tashkent Soviet
  • (1921 - 1924) Reorganization of regional states resulted in creation of Uzbekistan and other countries
  • (1944) Joseph Stalin deported over 160,000 Meskhetian Turks from Georgia to Uzbekistan
  • (1950's – 1980's) Major irrigation projects for cotton production aided the drying up of Aral Sea
  • (1954) Soviet Union established biological weapons test site on Vozrozhdeniye Island
  • (1966) Most of Tashkent was destroyed by earthquake, 10 killed, 1,000 injured, 100,000 left homeless
  • (1989) Islam Karimov became leader of Uzbek Communist Party
  • (1989) Attacks against Meskhetian Turks in Fergana Valley occurred
  • (1990) Communist Party of Uzbekistan declared sovereignty, Islam Karimov became president
  • (1991) Uzbekistan declared independence. After collapse of USSR, joined the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
  • (1991) Islam Karimov won presidential election
  • (1992) Birlik and Erk parties banned by President Karimov
  • (1992) Opposition members arrested for alleged anti-state activities
  • (1992) Uzbekistan adopted first constitution
  • (1994) Economic integration treaty signed with Russia
  • (1994) Economic, military and social cooperation treaties are signed with Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan
  • (1995) Erk activists jailed for conspiring to overthrow the government
  • (1995) Ruling People's Democratic Party (formerly Communist Party of Uzbekistan) won general election, President Karimov's term extended for five years
  • (1996) Kyrgystan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan agreed to single economic market
  • (1999) More than a dozen people killed by bombs in Tashkent
  • (1999) Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) declared "jihad", demanded resignation of Uzbek leadership
  • (1999) IMU fighters began series of skirmishes with government forces from mountain hideouts
  • (2000) Karimov re-elected president
  • (2000) Uzbekistan accused of widespread use of torture by Human Rights Watch
  • (2001) Over 70 people jailed for terrorism after border incursions in the south by Islamic militants
  • (2001) IMU attacked government troops and TV transmitter in southern Uzbekistan,
2000s continued
  • (2001) Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) formed by Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, China and Russia to promote trade, investments
  • (2001) U.S. granted permission by Uzbekistan to use air bases for action in Afghanistan
  • (2002) President Karimov won referendum to extend presidential term from five to seven years
  • (2002) Long-standing border dispute settled by Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan
  • (2003) Open congress held by banned Birlik party
  • (2003) Formal meeting held by Erk opposition party
  • (2003) Prime minister Otkir Sultanov ousted by President Karimov, Shavkay Mirziyayev replaced him
  • (2004) Nearly 50 people killed in shootings and bombings
  • (2004) Uzbekistan's aid was cut by European Bank for Reconstruction and Development due to poor record of economic development and human rights
  • (2004) U.S. and Israeli Embassies in Tashkent struck by suicide bombers
  • (2004) Thousands of people protested in Kokand due to restrictions on market traders
  • (2004) Agreement to share water resources signed by Uzbek and Turkmen presidents
  • (2005) Gunmen stormed prison, released inmates in Andijan
  • (2005) Troops opened fire on demonstrators in Andijan, over 190 killed
  • (2005) Upper house of Parliament voted to evict US forces from air base at Khanabad
  • (2005) Thousands of Uzbeks, waiting to flee across the border into Kyrgyzstan, stormed government buildings, torched police cars, attacked border guards
  • (2005) European Union imposed sanctions on Uzbekistan for punishment for refusing to allow international investigation into uprising in Andijon
  • (2007) Islam Karimov won another term in presidential elections
  • (2007) Kyrgyz journalist killed in Osh
  • (2008) US allowed limited access to southern Termez air base for operations in Afghanistan
  • (2009) U.S. troops allowed to transport supplies through Uzbekistan to troops in Afghanistan
  • (2009) European Union lifted sanctions imposed in 2005 despite concerns over human rights abuses
  • (2009) Uzbekistan set up new power lines, announced withdrawal from Soviet-era power grid
  • (2010) Uzbek refugees from Kyrgyzstan allowed brief stay in Uzbekistan
  • (2011) Uzbekistan government expelled Human Rights Watch employees from country

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