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Turkey Facts

Turkey's Information

Flag of Turkey
Land Area 769,632 km2
Water Area 13,930 km2
Total Area 783,562km2 (#36)
Population 80,274,604 (#19)
Population Density 104.30/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $1,700.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $21,100
Currency Lira (TRY)
More Information Turkey
Largest Cities

In The News

About Turkey

  • Name: Turkey
    (long form) Republic of Turkey
  • Capital City: Ankara (4,431,719 pop.)
  • Turkey Population: 80,694,485 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: new Turkish Lira (YTL)
    (conversion rates)

    new Turkish Lira
    100 Lira
  • Ethnicity: Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12%
  • GDP total: $783.1 (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $15,000 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Turkish (official), Kurdish, other
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Bursa, Adana
  • Name: The Turkish form of Turkey's name, Turkiye, translates to "land of the Turks," with the suffix -iye meaning "owner" or "land of"
  • National Day: October 29
  • Religion: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
  • Symbols

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Turkey Trivia

What are the Largest Ethnic Groups in Turkey?

Turks make up the largest ethnic group in Turkey, with a total share of 72.5% of the population. Kurds make up the second largest group, at 12.7%.

The Ethnic Groups Of Turkey

What type of economy does Turkey have?

Turkey is an important emerging economy with a positive growth rate. Turkey is the fastest growing economy in Europe.

The Economy Of Turkey

Countries of Asia

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.