|Land Area||770,875 km2|
|Water Area||25,220 km2|
|Total Area||796,095km2 (#35)|
|Government Type||Federal Parliamentary Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$988.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$5,100|
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The region of Pakistan was home to several ancient cultures including the Vedic Civilization, which thrived for centuries, and was part of an era in which much of the Hindu scriptures were composed.
Following the Vedic Civilization a series of kingdoms ruled until the Indo-Greek Kingdom took control around 184 BC.
Under the command of Demetrius of Bactria the Kingdom made great advances in trade and culture, and the city of Taxla was transformed into a major learning center - becoming one of the earliest centers of higher education in the world.
Today this city, located just west of Islamabad, is a major archaeological site in Pakistan.
During medieval times the Rai Dynasty of Sindh conquered the region of Pakistan and ruled until Arab general Muhammad bin Qasim took over in 712 AD, setting the stage for subsequent Muslim empires.
It was the Mughal Empire that converted much of the region of Pakistan from Buddhist and Hindu to Islam, and as the empire began to decline during the early 18th century, Afghans, Balochis and Sikhs assumed control until the British East India Company ascended over South Asia.
Those two partitions were called East and West Pakistan and they were separated (right down the middle) by India.
The city of Islamabad, with its mix of traditional Islamic architecture styles and modern features, became the capital city when it was officially moved here from Karachi in 1959.
Then, in 1971, East Pakistan demanded independence, and after a bloody civil war it was transformed into what is now called the country of Bangladesh.
West Pakistan, currently known as present-day Pakistan, has been in constant dispute with India over the Kashmir Region, and after many wars and border disputes, the status of the area remains in limbo.
Then, in response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998. Today, the long-term goal of both nations is military stability, and promising discussions continue.
On October 8, 2005 a major earthquake occurred in the region of Kashmir, near the city of Muzaffarabad, causing severe damage and killing thousands. In the aftermath, money and medical aid poured in from countries all over the world, and Pakistan began reconstruction using earthquake-resistant materials on their new buildings.
Pakistan's economic structure has changed from agricultural to service-based, and substantial foreign investment. It is a rapidly developing country with the potential to become one of the world's largest economies in the 21st century.
What are the Biggest Cities in Pakistan?
Karachi is Pakistan's largest city by population. In fact, the Karachi Metro area is one of the largest on Earth by population. Its population is around 14 million.
The Largest Cities in Pakistan
What Languages Are Spoken In Pakistan?
Both English and Urdu are the official languages of Pakistan. A remnant of the British colonial rule in the region, English serves an important medium of formal communication in the country. Many educational institutes in Pakistan use English to impart education. English is spoken in the homes and informal circles of the elite class along with the local languages. Urdu is both the official language and national language of Pakistan. Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, and Balochi are some provincial languages spoken in the nation. The minority ethnic communities speak their own languages.
What Languages Are Spoken In Pakistan?
What is the Largest Religion in Pakistan?
Sunni Islam is followed by 96.03% of the population of Pakistan, making it the largest religion in Pakistan.
Religion in Pakistan
What Kind of Government Does Pakistan Have?
Pakistan has a federal government established by the Constitution of Pakistan where the Prime Minister of Pakistan is the executive head-of-government.
What Type Of Government Does Pakistan Have?
Is Pakistan Part Of The Middle East?
Pakistan is a country in South Asia and not in the Middle East. The country has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. It is bordered by several Asian countries including Afghanistan, China, Iran, and Oman.
Is Pakistan Part of the Middle East?
What is the Longest River in Pakistan?
The Indus River is the longest river in Pakistan. The Indus River is the most important river in southern Asia and it is shared between Pakistan, India, and china. The river runs for about 1,988 miles, from Lake Mansarovar in Tibet to Latah, Gilgit-Baltistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, then through Punjab to pour to the Arabian Sea near Karachi.