Pakistan is situated in South Asia and ranks the sixth most populous country in the world. The country boasts of over 200 million inhabitants occupying 881,913 km2 of land mass. Pakistan has experienced rapid economic growth to become a semi-industrialized economy, a situation which has caused the emergence of the major cities such as Karachi and Lahore. The population of Pakistan is predominantly indo-Iranian speakers and the country is culturally and historically associated with its neighbors of India, Afghanistan, and Iran. The country was created when it was partitioned from the British India and together with India got their independence in 1947. The population is largely Muslim as opposed to India whic is predominantly Hindu.
The Three Biggest Cities In Pakistan
The Karachi Metro area is one of the largest on Earth by population. The city is the capital of Sindh Province. Karachi lies along the Arabian Sea and is the biggest and most vital port in Pakistan. The city started as a small fishing village established by the Sindhi and Baloch tribes. A small number of descendants of these tribes still live in the area to date. Karachi is the financial hub of Pakistan. It has the largest Stock Exchange in Pakistan and hosts headquarters of major corporations in the country. An increasing trend in Karachi is the rise of investors in the IT sector. Karachi is slowly becoming an information and communications hub. Industries in Karachi include textiles, automobiles, steel, and pharmaceuticals. Karachi pollution ranks higher than the recommended standards by the WHO. Economic disparities among the people of Karachi have led to the proliferation of shanty towns and slums. The living conditions in these areas are often poor and there is no access to sanitation and clean water. Waterborne diseases kill thousands of people annually in Karachi. Karachi also faces the problem of traffic congestion, because vehicles are increasing at a higher rate than the expansion rate of existing transportation infrastructure.
Lahore has a population of 6,310,888, and it is the capital of Punjab Province. Lahore has a rich history and has served as the capital of various empires such as Shahi, Mughal, and Sikh. Lahore’s architecture is a blend of modern and ancient. Lahore is considered a cultural, educational, arts, and sports center in Pakistan. Lahore contributes almost 13% to Pakistan’s economy and has a lucrative service sector with industries such as real estate, banking, finance services, tourism and information and technology services. These industries employ a substantial population in the city. The dominant religion in Lahore is Islam, and there are numerous mosques scattered in the city.
The city’s rapid economic growth has been accompanied by a surge in development projects such as housing and shopping centers. The infrastructure in Lahore is relatively modern although it has been at the cost of environmental sustainability. Lahore has seen an increase in traffic congestion due to many vehicles using existing inadequate infrastructure.
Faisalabad has a population of 2,506,595 and is in a district in the province of Punjab. Faisalabad has long been a community of villages and became an urban center under the British rule. It flourished as a commercial, industrial, and agricultural center into the metropolitan it is today. Industries in the city include textiles, pharmaceuticals, paper, beverages, jewelry and food processing. Agricultural produce from the city includes cotton, vegetables, wheat and sugarcane. The city’s infrastructure was well planned and includes extensive networks of roads, highways, and rail. A growing trend in the city has been the attraction of numerous investors, who initiate mega projects such as malls because of the rising middle class. The city has not been immune to problems associated with rapid growth such as slums, shanty towns, and traffic congestion.
Other Large Cities Of Pakistan
Other large cities in Pakistan in regard to population include Rawalpindi (3,198,911), Gujranwala (2,723,009), Islamabad (2,200,000), Multan (2,050,000), Peshawar (1,785,000) and Quetta (1,140,000). These cities have initiated policies to mitigate the rise of slums, environmental degradation, and traffic expansion. Such policies include the establishment of green areas, upgrading, and expansion of transport infrastructure and increased access to proper sanitation.
Biggest Cities In Pakistan
|8||Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa||1,218,773|
|10||Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir||725,000|