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Pakistan History Timeline

Pakistan's Information

Flag of Pakistan
Land Area 770,875 km2
Water Area 25,220 km2
Total Area 796,095km2 (#35)
Population 201,995,540 (#6)
Population Density 262.03/km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $988.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $5,100
Currency Rupee (PKR)
More Information Pakistan
Largest Cities


  • (3000-1600 BC) Indus Valley civilization of modern-day Pakistan
  • (3000-1500 BC) City of Harappa, part of the Indus Valley civilization, flourished
  • (2500 - 1500 BC) Mohenjo-daro in southern Pakistan evolved as early urban center
  • (1700s BC) Start of the Aryan civilization
  • (1500s BC) Aryans came into the Punjab region, followed a strict caste system
  • (600 BC) People became frustrated by caste system
  • (516 BC) Persians conquered north Pakistan and made it part of Achaemenid Empire of Persia
  • (327 - 325BC) Alexander the Great of Macedonia invaded, captured Taxila, Pakistan
  • (323 BC) Alexander the Great died, his generals divided the empire among themselves
  • (185 BC) Bactrian Greeks seized northwest Pakistan
  • (75 BC) Scythians from central Asia arrived
20 AD - 700 AD
  • (20) Parthians conquered northern (present day) Pakistan
  • (60) Parthians overthrown by central-Asian Kushans
  • (300) Kushans declined, Sassanian Empire of Persia prevailed
  • (400) Kidar Kushans came into power
  • (445) White Huns invaded Gandhara
  • (565) Sassanians and Turks overthrew Huns
  • (600 - 700) Turki Shahi controlled the west of Indus, included Gandhara
  • (711) Muhammad bin Qasim conquered Sindh, Pakistan and southern Punjab in India
1000s - 1800s
  • (1000) Turkish Muslims invaded northern Pakistan
  • (1058) Soomra Dynasty ended Arab domination, established rule over Sindh
  • (1206) Most of present-day Pakistan became part of the Delhi Sultanate
  • (1526) Babar, a Muslim ruler from Afghanistan, invaded India, established the Mogul Empire
  • (1526) Construction began of Lahore Fort
  • (1740) East India Company gained political control over most of India
  • (1849) Britain annexed Punjab territories (now eastern Pakistan and north-western India)
  • (1858) British took control of East India Company, the territory became known as British India
  • (1893) Durand Line Agreement established international border between Pakistan and Afghanistan
  • (1906) Muslim League founded as a forum for Indian Muslim separatism
  • (1935) Earthquake in Quetta killed over 50,000 people
  • (1940) Muslim League demanded partition of separate nation for India's Muslims
  • (1947) British and Indian leaders divided country into two sovereign states: India and Pakistan
  • (1947) Pakistan became independent
  • (1947) Muhammad Ali Jinnah became governor-general, Liaquat Ali Khan prime minister
  • (1947) Pakistan joined UN
  • (1948) War broke out with India over disputed territory of Kashmir
  • (1948) Muhammad Ali Jinnah died
  • (1948) Urdu declared national language
  • (1948) Khwaja Nazimuddin became governor-general upon death of Jinnah
  • (1949) War over Kashmir ended after UN brokered cease-fire
  • (1951) Prime Minister Liaquat assassinated; Khwaja Nazimuddin became prime minister, Malik Ghulam Muhammad became governor-general
  • (1953) Muhammad Ali Bogra sworn in as prime minister
  • (1954) Resolution passed by Constituent Assembly established Urdu and Bengali as national languages
  • (1955) Governor-General Ghulam Mohammad resigned, succeeded by Iskander Mirza
  • (1956) Constitution adopted proclaiming Pakistan as an Islamic Republic
  • (1956) Prime Minister Mirza became first president of Pakistan; Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy assumed office of prime minister
  • (1957) Prime Minister Suhrawardy resigned after losing party support; Malik Feroz Khan Noon became prime minister
  • (1958) Mirza suspended the constitution, declared martial law, canceled elections
  • (1958) Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan led military coup, ousted President Mirza
  • (1958) Mirza sent into exile
  • (1960) General Mohammad Ayub Khan became first elected president
  • (1960) Islamabad was declared the capital city
  • (1963) Trade agreement was signed between Pakistan and China
  • (1963) Pakistan and China signed border agreement
  • (1963) Cyclone along coast of Bay of Bengal killed over 22,000 in east Pakistan
  • (1965) President Ayub Khan re-elected
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Pakistan Trivia

What are the Biggest Cities in Pakistan?

Karachi is Pakistan's largest city by population. In fact, the Karachi Metro area is one of the largest on Earth by population. Its population is around 14 million.

The Largest Cities in Pakistan

What Languages Are Spoken In Pakistan?

Both English and Urdu are the official languages of Pakistan. A remnant of the British colonial rule in the region, English serves an important medium of formal communication in the country. Many educational institutes in Pakistan use English to impart education. English is spoken in the homes and informal circles of the elite class along with the local languages. Urdu is both the official language and national language of Pakistan. Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, and Balochi are some provincial languages spoken in the nation. The minority ethnic communities speak their own languages.

What Languages Are Spoken In Pakistan?

Is Pakistan Part Of The Middle East?

Pakistan is a country in South Asia and not in the Middle East. The country has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. It is bordered by several Asian countries including Afghanistan, China, Iran, and Oman.

Is Pakistan Part of the Middle East?

What is the Largest Religion in Pakistan?

Sunni Islam is followed by 96.03% of the population of Pakistan, making it the largest religion in Pakistan.

Religion in Pakistan

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Pakistan?

Punjabi people are the ethnic majority in the Punjab region of Pakistan and Northern India accounting for 44.7% of the population in Pakistan. The group belongs to the Indo-Aryan ethnic group.

Ethnic Groups In Pakistan

What Kind of Government Does Pakistan Have?

Pakistan has a federal government established by the Constitution of Pakistan where the Prime Minister of Pakistan is the executive head-of-government.

What Type Of Government Does Pakistan Have?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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