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Pakistan Facts

Pakistan's Information

Flag of Pakistan
Land Area 770,875 km2
Water Area 25,220 km2
Total Area 796,095km2 (#35)
Population 201,995,540 (#6)
Population Density 262.03/km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $988.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $5,100
Currency Rupee (PKR)
More Information Pakistan
Largest Cities
  • Name: Pakistan
    (long form) Islamic Republic of Pakistan
  • Capital City: Islamabad (1,330,000 pop.)
  • Pakistan Population: 193,238,868 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Pakistani rupee
    (conversion rates)

    Pakistani rupee
    1000 rupees
  • Ethnicity: Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhajirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%
  • GDP total: $230.5 billion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $2,900 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Multan, Hyderabad, Peshawar
  • Name: Urdu and Persian meaning 'Land of the Pure,' Pakistan is an acronym of the five Northern units of India: Punjab, Afghan Province, Kashmir, Sind and Baluchistan; the letter 'i' was added as a means of ease in pronunciation
  • National Day: March 23
  • Religion: Muslim 95% (Sunni 75%, Shia 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 5%
  • Symbols
This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

Pakistan Trivia

What Languages Are Spoken In Pakistan?

Both English and Urdu are the official languages of Pakistan. A remnant of the British colonial rule in the region, English serves an important medium of formal communication in the country. Many educational institutes in Pakistan use English to impart education. English is spoken in the homes and informal circles of the elite class along with the local languages. Urdu is both the official language and national language of Pakistan. Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, and Balochi are some provincial languages spoken in the nation. The minority ethnic communities speak their own languages.

What Languages Are Spoken In Pakistan?

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Pakistan?

Punjabi people are the ethnic majority in the Punjab region of Pakistan and Northern India accounting for 44.7% of the population in Pakistan. The group belongs to the Indo-Aryan ethnic group.

Ethnic Groups In Pakistan

What is the Largest Religion in Pakistan?

Sunni Islam is followed by 96.03% of the population of Pakistan, making it the largest religion in Pakistan.

Religion in Pakistan

Is Pakistan Part Of The Middle East?

Pakistan is a country in South Asia and not in the Middle East. The country has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. It is bordered by several Asian countries including Afghanistan, China, Iran, and Oman.

Is Pakistan Part of the Middle East?

What are the Biggest Cities in Pakistan?

Karachi is Pakistan's largest city by population. In fact, the Karachi Metro area is one of the largest on Earth by population. Its population is around 14 million.

The Largest Cities in Pakistan

What are the Ecological Regions of Pakistan?

The ecological regions of Pakistan include the Indus Valley desert, the Thar desert, and the Baluchistan Xeric Woodlands.

Ecological Regions Of Pakistan

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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