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Kenya History Timeline

Kenya's Information

Flag of Kenya
Land Area 569,140 km2
Water Area 11,227 km2
Total Area 580,367km2 (#48)
Population 46,790,758 (#30)
Population Density 82.21/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $153.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $3,400
Currency Shilling (KES)
More Information Kenya
Largest Cities
Prehistory
  • (4.4 million years ago) Australopithecus ramidus evolved in Eastern Africa
  • (3 mya) Australopithecus afarensis evolved in Eastern Africa
  • (2 mya) Homo habilis evolved in Eastern Africa
  • (500 BC) Beginning of the Bantu migration into Eastern Africa began
600 AD - 1800s
  • (600 AD) Arabs settled the coastal region and developed trading posts
  • (900) The port of Mombassa is established
  • (1200) Swahili culture and language dominated the coast, while Bantu and Nilotic speakers commanded the inland region
  • (1498) Vasco de Gama arrived at Mombassa after traveling around Africa
  • (1500s) Portugal briefly took command of the Swahili ports before being forced out by the Swahili states
  • (1630s) Omani Arab traders settled along the coast
  • (1698) Omanis gained control of the entire coastline
  • (1822) Much of East Africa is ruled by the Sultan of Oman
  • (1895) The British East African Protectorate is formed
1900s
  • (early 1900s) British settlers moved into the highlands; a railway was built from Mombasa to Lake Victoria
  • (1920) Kenya's inland region falls under the control of the British Crown Colony
  • (1944) The Kenyan African Union (KAU) is formed as a campaign for African independence
  • (1947) Jomo Kenyatta is named leader of the KAU
  • (1952) A secret Mau Mau guerrilla group staged a violent campaign against the British settlers; a state of emergency is declared, Kenyatta is arrested
  • (1953) The Kenyan African Union is banned after Kenyatta is charged with leading the Mau Mau
  • (1956) The Mau Mau rebellion is suppressed after thousands are killed
  • (1960) The state of emergency is lifted; plans are announced for Britain to prepare Kenya for majority African rule; the Kenya African National Union (KANU) is formed
  • (1961) Kenyatta is freed from jail and named president of KANU
  • (1963) Kenya gained independence with Kenyatta as prime minister
1900s
  • (1964) The Republic of Kenya is proclaimed, Kenyatta is appointed president with Oginga Odinga as vice president
  • (1966) Odinga backed out of Kanu after an idealogical split with Kenyatta and formed the rival Kenya People's Union (KPU)
  • (1969) Assassination of government minister Tom Mboya soarked ethnic unrest; KPU is banned and Odinga is arrested
  • (1974) Kenyatta is re-elected
  • (1978) Kenyatte dies in office and is succeeded by vice president Daniel arap Moi
  • (1982) Kenya is officially declared a one-party state and a new constitution is declared
  • (1987) Opposition groups against Moi are suppressed; the government is criticized for political arrests and human rights abuses
  • (1989) Political prisoners are freed
  • (1990) The public is outraged following the suspicious death of foreign minister Robert Ouko
  • (1991) The Forum for the Restoration of Democracy (FORD) is formed by opposition leaders, including Odinga
  • (1991) Leaders of FORD are arrested and the party is outlawed
  • (1992) Ethnic violence erupted in western Kenya, nearly 2,000 people are killed
  • (1992) FORD is split into FORD-Kenya (led by Odinga) and FORD-Asili (led by Kenneth Matiba)
  • (1992) Moi is re-elected president
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Kenya Trivia

What are the Biggest Ethnic Groups in Kenya?

Kikuyus are Kenya's largest ethnic group, comprising an estimated 22% of the population. The Luhya ethnic group makes up the second largest ethnic group in Kenya.

Largest Ethnic Groups In Kenya

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