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Burkina Faso Geography

Burkina Faso's Information

Flag of Burkina Faso
Land Area 273,800 km2
Water Area 400 km2
Total Area 274,200km2 (#74)
Population 19,512,533 (#59)
Population Density 71.27/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $32.99 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,800
Currency Franc (XOF)
More Information Burkina Faso
Largest Cities

Located on the southern fringes of the Sahara Desert, Burkina Faso is mostly a wide, flat plain with hillier land in the west and far southeast.

Southwest, a sandstone massif covers much of the land, and it is here that the highest point of the country is found: Tena Kouron at 2,451 ft. (747 m). The lowest point of the country is the Mouhoun (Black Volta) River at 656 ft. (200 m).

The Black, Red and White Voltas are the major rivers, and all flow south into Ghana.

Out of all the rivers in Burkina Faso, the Black Volta is one of two that flows year-round, with the second being the Komoe. The Niger River basin drains 27% of the surface of the country.

In addition to the rivers, Burkina Faso contains numerous lakes and large ponds; even still, water shortages are a consistent problem, especially in the north as most sources are seasonal.

Burkina Faso Trivia

What is the Culture of Burkina Faso Like?

Burkina Faso has great ethnic diversity. The Mossi is the largest ethnic community living in the country, comprising of 52% of the population. The ethnic minorities with a significant presence in the country are the Fulani (8.4%), Gurma (7%), Bobo (4.9%), Gurunsi (4.6%), and Senufo (4.5%). The legacy of the French colonial rule in Burkina Faso is visible in the country. For one thing, the official language in Burkina Faso is French. Different ethnic groups also speak their own indigenous languages. Muslims represent 61.5% of the population of Burkina Faso. Christians, both Catholics and Protestants, are also present in significant numbers. A large section of the population adheres to the traditional indigenous religions.

The Culture Of Burkina Faso

What is the tallest mountain in Burkina Faso?

Mount Tena Kourou is the highest mountain in Burkina Faso standing at the height of 2,457 feet above sea level.

Tallest Mountains In Burkina Faso

What is W of the Niger National Park?

W National Park is an important national park in West Africa. The park is named so as it based around the ‘W’ shaped meander of the River Niger. The park is shared by three countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger. The W National Park was created on August 4, 1954, and was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.

The Four National Parks Of Burkina Faso

What is the Currency of Burkina Faso?

The official currency of Burkina Faso is the West African CFA franc.

What is the Currency of Burkina Faso?

What Languages are Spoken in Burkina Faso?

French is Burkina Faso’s official language. Mossi is the most widely spoken language of Burkina Faso, as it is spoken by nearly 40% of the country’s population. Most people living in the country’s urban areas are multilingual, while the rural population uses their native languages for common activities.

What Languages Are Spoken in Burkina Faso?

What is the Capital of Burkina Faso?

The capital city of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougou.

What is the Capital of Burkina Faso?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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