Following tea, coffee is the second most consumed beverage in the world with countries in Europe consuming the most coffee. With over 3.5 billion cups of coffee consumed every day in the world, the demand for coffee as a commodity is high. Coffee is also one of the most traded commodities in the world. Every year, the value of exported coffee appreciates. Apart from its use as a beverage, the coffee bean can be decaffeinated to obtain caffeine. Caffeine is used in making of beverages, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. The two primary coffee types that are commercially grown are the Arabica and Robusta coffee. Below are the world’s three largest exporters of coffee:
World’s Largest Exporters of Coffee
Brazil is the world’s largest producer of coffee. The country produces approximately a third of the world’s total coffee. Brazil is also the world’s largest exporter of coffee despite its large domestic coffee consumption. Brazil’s coffee is the driving force of Brazil’s economy. In 2015/2016 Brazil produced 2,592,000 metric tons of coffee. The export value of coffee in Brazil is 5.08 billion dollars. Brazil is unrivaled in the production of Arabica, green coffee, and instant coffee. The largest markets for Brazilian coffee are Japan, the United States, and Europe.
Vietnam is second to Brazil coffee production and exportation. In 2015/2016, the country produced 1,650,000 metric tons of coffee. The coffee industry in Vietnam has significantly grown since 1990, becoming a significant economic force in the country after rice production. 97% of the total coffee produced in Vietnam in Robusta coffee. Though relatively new to the coffee market, Robusta coffee has given the country an upper hand in the market because it has two times the caffeine present in Arabica coffee. With export values of about 3.29 billion dollars, Vietnam mainly exports its coffee to the United States.
Colombia is the third largest producer and exporter of coffee. For many years, Colombia came second in coffee production after Brazil. However, fluctuations in climate from the 1980s to 2010 adversely affected its coffee production causing it to be overtaken by the expanding Vietnamese coffee industry. The main coffee type cultivated in Colombia is Arabica coffee. Colombia is well known for its Arabica coffee that is loved for its mild and well-balanced flavor. In 2015/2016 Colombia produced 810,000 metric tons of coffee. The export value of coffee from Colombia is 2.57 billion dollars. Coffee from Colombia is exported to the US, France, Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Coffee Exportation Around the World
It is evident that the world’s top three coffee producing nations, Brazil, Vietnam and Colombia are also the world’s largest exporters of coffee. In these countries, millions of metric tons of coffee are produced each year for local consumption and exportation. Other notables coffee exporters are Switzerland, Germany, Italy, and Indonesia with export values of 1.99, 1.96, 1.51 and 1.04 billion dollars respectively. Honduras, Belgium-Luxembourg, and Peru are also among the top ten world exporters of coffee.
Growing Coffee Industry
Due to coffee's financial prowess as a commodity, the coffee industry has significantly skyrocketed over the past years. With over 500 billion cups of coffee consumed every year, the demand for coffee is likely to go up even more. This fact is why international coffee sales have been fast growing in countries such as Dominica, Oman, Algeria, British Virgin Islands, and Taiwan among others, over the last five years.
The World's Largest Exporters of Coffee
|Rank||Country||Export Value (billions)|