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Maps of Taiwan

Physical Map of Taiwan with state boundaries, relief, major rivers, lakes, highland areas, highest peak, important cities, and more.

Taiwan is an island country located at the western edge of the Pacific Ocean. The main island of the country covers an area of 35,808 sq. km. 

About two-thirds of Taiwan is a rugged mountain landscape. As observed on the physical map of Taiwan, the Chung-yang Shan range (central) dominates the island. It has over 200 peaks exceeding 3,000 m in elevation. 

The upright yellow triangle on the map represents the highest point of Taiwan. It is the 3,952 m tall Yu Shan located in the central mountain region.

West of the central mountain range the land is covered by rolling hills that descend gently into a somewhat flat region, north to south.

Taiwan is a geologically active island; earthquakes are frequent and the island is punctuated by numerous steam vents and hot sulfur springs. In fact, Taiwan experiences as much as 15,000 to 18,000 earthquakes each year; 800 to 1,000 of which are noticed by people.

Taiwan is a geologically active island; earthquakes are frequent and the island is punctuated by numerous steam vents and hot sulfur springs. In fact, Taiwan experiences as much as 15,000 to 18,000 earthquakes each year; 800 to 1,000 of which are noticed by people.

The largest body of water in Taiwan is Sun Moon Lake; as well, there are over 150 rivers and large streams rising in the central mountains, with the most significant rivers including the Choshui and Kaoping.

It claims numerous (small) islands within its immediate territories and off the coast of China, including the islands of Quemoy, Matsu and Wuchiu.

The South China Sea is the lowest point of Taiwan at 0 m.

Counties of Taiwan Map

Political Map of Taiwan showing its major administrative divisions and the capital city of Taipei.

The country includes the main island of Taiwan plus smaller islands nearby and off coast of China's Fujian Province.

Taiwan is divided into 13 counties, 3 cities, and 6 special municipalities directly under the jurisdiction of the Executive Yuan.

The 13 counties are: Changhua, Chiayi, Hsinchu, Hualien, Kinmen, Lienchiang, Miaoli, Nantou, Penghu, Pingtung, Taitung, Yilan, Yunlin.

The 3 cities are: Chiayi, Hsinchu, Keelung.

The 6 special municipalities are: Kaohsiung (city), New Taipei (city), Taichung (city), Tainan (city), Taipei (city), Taoyuan (city).

Taipei city located in northern Taiwan serves as the country's capital city.

Where is Taiwan?

Map showing location of Taiwan in the world. arctic ocean pacific ocean indian ocean australia oceania tropic of capricorn tropic of cancer arctic circle equator africa europe black sea caspian aral sea red sea gulf of aden bay of bengal arabian sea middle east mediterranean sea asia

Taiwan (Republic of China) is located about 160 km off the Southeast coast of the continent of Asia, at the western edge of the Pacific Ocean between Japan and the Philippines. It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It is bounded by the East China Sea in the north and the Ryukyu Islands in the northeast. The vast Pacific Ocean lies to the east of Taiwan, and the Bashi Channel to the south. The Formosa or Taiwan Strait separates it from mainland China.

Regional Maps: Map of Asia

Outline Map of Taiwan

Blank Outline Map of Taiwan

The above map represents the main island of Taiwan. The map may be downloaded, printed, and used for coloring or education purpose.

Outline Map of Taiwan

The above map represents the main island of Taiwan, a country located off the southeast coast of Asia. 

Key Facts

Legal Name Taiwan
Capital City Taipei
25 02 N, 121 31 E

Geography

Total Area 35,980.00 km2
Land Area 32,260.00 km2
Water Area 3,720.00 km2
Total Border 0.0 km
Coastline 1,566.0 km
Climate Tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (june to august); persistent and extensive cloudiness all year
Coordinates 23 30 N, 121 00 E
Mean Elevation 1,150 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
South China Sea
Highest Elevation 3,952 m
Yu Shan

Demographics

Population 23,545,963
Major Cities
  1. Xinbei (4,398,383)
  2. Taibei (2,721,485)
  3. Taoyuan (2,245,162)
  4. Gaoxiong (1,537,640)
  5. Taizhong (1,320,591)
  6. Tainan (849,996)
  7. Xinzhu (450,520)
  8. Jilong (368,947)
Ethnic Groups Han Chinese (including Hoklo, who compose approximately 70% of Taiwan's population, Hakka, and other groups originating in mainland China) more than 95%, indigenous Malayo-Polynesian peoples 2.3%
Languages Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min Nan), Hakka dialects, approximately 16 indigenous languages
Religions Buddhist 35.3%, Taoist 33.2%, Christian 3.9%, folk (includes Confucian) approximately 10%, none or unspecified 18.2% (2005 est.)

Economy

Currency New Taiwan dollars (TWD)
Exports Semiconductors, petrochemicals, automobile/auto parts, ships, wireless communication equipment, flat display displays, steel, electronics, plastics, computers

This page was last updated on November 9, 2020

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