Approximately 81% of Americans live in urban environments today, compared to 79% in 2000 and 73% in 1970. The level of urbanization in the country is directly attributed to the growth of cities and migration of the millennials in search of better opportunities. The mechanization of agriculture has brought about efficiency and minimal requirement for labor that has in turn shifted peoples' attention to towns and cities. Large cities such as New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Houston, and Phoenix are not experiencing much change in terms of population growth like the smaller cities and towns where a majority of people move to. The following are the fastest growing cities in the U.S.
The Fastest Growing Cities in the United States
Boise is the fastest growing city in the United States. The Idaho state capital is growing by just about every metric. In 2017, the population grew by 3.08% while employment grew by 3.58%. The city is quickly becoming a tech heaven for young innovators who find tech cities like San Francisco and Seattle above their budget. Idaho is the fastest growing state in the country and those migrating to the state prefer migrating to the capital. The price of property is booming, a phenomena that has driven investors to invest more and attract more people.
Cape Coral, Florida
Cape Coral, Florida, is the second fastest growing city in the US. In 2017 the population grew by 2.7%, and in 2018 the population growth is projected at 3.37% which would make it the fastest growing city in the United States. The city is developing so rapidly that some of the residents feel that it may lose its status as a residential town and turn into a commercial city sooner than later. Real estate developers are struggling to satisfy this demand while city authorities are struggling to develop better infrastructure such as roads and electricity. Cape Coral is known as a sunshine haven, a feature that has attracted many.
In 2017 the population of Austin, Texas grew by 2.57%. Between 2016 and 2017, 38,000 people arrived and settled in the city. For the past three years, migration to the city has peaked such that Austinites complain of traffic jams and excessive tourists. Austin is attractive because of the low cost of living compared to other major cities. The cost of property is rising but at an affordable rate. Good infrastructure and a suitable climate also play a role in attracting people to the city.
Raleigh, North Carolina
Raleigh City, North Carolina is not lagging behind in terms of growth. In 2017, the city experienced a 2.53% growth in its population. The city is attracting a new breed of innovators, especially in technological matters. It is becoming a choice for educated youth; in fact, 75% of those who move to the city have an undergraduate degree. The metropolitan area is home to a number of technology companies such as IBM Corporation, Lenovo, CISCO systems, and medical companies.
Trends in migration in the U.S
One will be mistaken to think that everyone who migrates to a smaller town or city comes from a rural environment. The truth is that a significant number of these people actually come from large cities and are seeking a sustainable place to settle. When college graduates complete their education, they are likely to settle in large cities, but when they decide to raise children, they move to small towns. Immigrants also often prefer smaller towns and cities compared to large cities due to the low cost of living.