The Mountains States are one of nine geographic divisions formally recognized by the US Census Bureau. This division is part of the Western United States and includes eight states which are further sub-divided into two sub-divisions, the Northwest and Southwest. The former features three states and the latter includes five states. All eight states in this division have the highest mean elevations in the country. With the exception of Nevada, all other states observe the Mountain Time Zone. The eight US Mountain States are listed below.
Colorado is one of the eight Mountain States. The state has an area of 269,837 square km, a population of 5,540,545, and its capital is Denver. Colorado was named after the Colorado River which flows through it. The state is landlocked and its landscape features tall mountains, deserts, forests, and canyons. Colorado has a mean elevation of 6,800 ft, which is the highest mean elevation in the country, and is also the only state that lies completely above an elevation of 1000 m above sea level. The 14,440 ft high Mount Elbert, which is located in Lake County, is the state’s highest point. Colorado contains the 30 tallest peaks of the Rocky Mountains. The lowest point of the state, located in Yuma County, has an elevation of 3,317 ft.
Located in the southwestern United States, Arizona is a Mountain States and one of the Four Corner States. Arizona has a population of 6,931,071 and an area of 295,234 square km, making it the country’s sixth biggest state. Phoenix is the capital of Arizona. The state borders five other US states as well as Mexico. Arizona is known for its varied landscape, which features deserts, canyons (including the Grand Canyon), forests, and mountain ranges like the San Francisco Mountains. Arizona has a mean elevation of 4,100 ft, its highest point elevation is 12,637 ft tall Humphreys Peak, and its lowest point is 72 ft.
The state of Utah is located in western part of the country and shares its borders with six other US states. Utah covers an area of 219,653 square km, has an estimated population of 3,101,833, and Salt Lake City serves as the state capital. The state has a mean elevation of 6,100 ft, which ranks third in the US. The highest point in Utah is 13,534 ft tall Kings Peak, while the lowest point is the 2,180 ft high Beaver Dam Wash. Utah is known for its varied terrain and rich biodiversity.
The state of Nevada borders five other US states, encompasses an area of 286,382 square km, and has an estimated population of 2,940,058. Nevada has a mean elevation of 5,500 ft. The 13,147 ft high Boundary Peak is the highest point in Nevada, while its lowest point is 481 ft above sea level.
4. New Mexico
New Mexico has an area of 315,198 square km, an estimated population of 2,081,015, and the state capital is Santa Fe. The state is fifth largest in the country by area, and borders five other US states and two Mexican states. The landscape of the state varies widely, and includes deserts, mesas, as well as snow-capped peaks. New Mexico has the fourth highest mean elevation of the US states. Wheeler Peak (13,167 ft) is the state’s highest point, while Red Bluff Reservoir (2,844 ft) is the lowest point.
Idaho has an area of 216,900 square km, an estimated population of 1,716,943, and Boise is the state capital. The state borders six US states, as well as Canada. The state is relatively mountainous, and includes several ranges within the Rocky Mountains. Idaho has a mean elevation of 5,000 ft, its highest point is 12,668 ft (Borah Peak), and its lowest point is 713 ft above sea level.
Montana occupies an area of 380,800 square km, has an estimated population of 1,042,520, and Helena is the state capital. As one of the eight Mountain States, Montana has numerous mountain ranges in the western part of the state, as well as several island range throughout. The state has a mean elevation of 3,400 ft, its highest point is 12,807 ft (Granite Peak), and its lowest point is 1,804 ft above sea-level.
Wyoming is located in the mountain region of the United States, covers 253,600 square km, and has an estimated population of 585,501. Wyoming shares its borders with six other US states, and Cheyenne is the state capital. The Rocky Mountains meet the Great Plains in Wyoming, and the state is based on a large plateau broken up by many mountain ranges. Wyoming has the second highest mean elevation (6,700 ft). The highest point in the state is 13,809 ft (Gannett Peak), while the lowest point is 3,101 ft.