World Facts

European Countries By Population Density

Monaco is the most densely populated country of Europe while the region of Iceland is the least densely populated place in the continent.

Population density is the average number of people occupying a particular geographical area. The population density of an area is calculated by dividing the total population by the total land area. Europe is one of the smallest continents with a surface area of about 3.93 million square miles and the second most populous continent with a population of about 738 million people. Europe is also the second most densely populated continent after Asia with an average density of 143 persons per square mile. The densities of European countries vary widely depending on factors such as the economy and area of a country. Monaco is the densest while Iceland is the least dense European country.

The Three Most Densely Populated Countries Of Europe

1. Monaco

Monaco is a small city-state with the highest density in the Europe and one of the most densely populated in the world. Monaco has an area of 0.78 square miles, a population of about 38,400 and the population density of more than 40,000 people per square mile. Monaco is the second smallest state in the world, which explains its high population density as more people occupy a smaller area.

2. Gibraltar

The British overseas territory of the Iberian Peninsula is the second most densely populated country in Europe. Gibraltar covers an area of 2.6 square miles and has a population of more than 32,000 people resulting in population density of more than 11,000 people per square mile. The small size of the region and favorable economic conditions in Gibraltar contribute to the high density of the territory.

3. Vatican City

Vatican City is the smallest country in the world by area and the third most densely populated European country. It is located within the city of Rome and covers an area of 0.17 square miles. Vatican City has the world’s least population of about 1000 people translating to a population density of more than 5,000 people per square mile.

The Least Densely Populated Countries Of Europe

1. Iceland

The Nordic island of Iceland located in the North Atlantic Ocean has the least population density in Europe. Iceland has an area of 40,000 square miles and a population of 332,529. Iceland is the most sparsely populated country in Europe with the population density of 8.3 people per square mile making it 10th least densely populated place on earth. The low population density is linked to the high rates of emigration and low rates of people settling permanently in Iceland. The temperate climate and volcanic activity in the island also discourage settlement in the country.

2. Russia

Russia is the world’s largest country with an area of 6,592,800 square miles and the second less densely populated country in Europe. Russia is also the most populous European country with a population of more than 144 million people. The large size of Russia and the cold climate of the country makes it one of the least dense places in the world despite its large population. The population density of the country is 22 people per square mile.

3. Norway

With a density of 28.5 persons per square mile, Norway has the third lowest population density in Europe. Norway has an area of 148,747 square miles and a population of 5,258,317. Norway’s low population density is linked to the mountainous landscape and unfavorable climatic conditions due to its location in the northern-most parts of Europe.

Which Country Has the Highest Population Density in Europe?

Monaco has the highest population density in Europe.

European Countries By Population Density

RankNamePopulation Density (persons/km2)Area (km2)
1 Monaco18,3691.98
2 Gibraltar (UK)4,3286.8
3 Vatican City2,0450.44
4 Malta1,260316
5 Guernsey (UK)99078
6 Jersey (UK)774116
7 San Marino45561
8 Netherlands39341,526
9 Belgium33730,510
10 United Kingdom267243,610
11 Germany233357,021
12 Switzerland20741,290
13 Liechtenstein205160
14 Italy192301,230
15 Luxembourg1732,586
16 Andorra146468
17 Moldova13133,843
18 Czech Republic13078,866
19 Isle of Man129572
20 Denmark12543,094
21 Poland124312,685
22 Albania12328,748
23 Cyprus1179,248
24 Azerbaijan11386,600
25 Slovakia11148,845
26 Portugal10992,391
27 Armenia10829,743
28 Hungary10893,030
29 France104643,801
30 Turkey102783,562
31 Serbia9788,361
32 Austria9783,858
33 Slovenia9520,273
34 Spain92505,782
35 Greece81131,940
36 Macedonia8125,713
37 Romania80238,391
38 Croatia7856,542
39 Bosnia and Herzegovina7851,129
40 Ukraine76603,700
41 Georgia7169,700
42 Bulgaria69110,910
43 Ireland6570,280
44 Belarus50207,600
45 Montenegro4813,812
46 Lithuania4465,200
47 Latvia3764,589
48 Faroe Islands (Denmark)331,399
49 Estonia2845,226
50 Sweden20449,964
51 Finland16338,424
52 Norway13385,252
53 Russia817,075,400
54 Iceland3103,001


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