Population density is the average number of people occupying a particular geographical area. The population density of an area is calculated by dividing the total population by the total land area. Europe is one of the smallest continents with a surface area of about 3.93 million square miles and the second most populous continent with a population of about 738 million people. Europe is also the second most densely populated continent after Asia with an average density of 143 persons per square mile. The densities of European countries vary widely depending on factors such as the economy and area of a country. Monaco is the densest while Iceland is the least dense European country.
The Three Most Densely Populated Countries Of Europe
Monaco is a small city-state with the highest density in the Europe and one of the most densely populated in the world. Monaco has an area of 0.78 square miles, a population of about 38,400 and the population density of more than 40,000 people per square mile. Monaco is the second smallest state in the world, which explains its high population density as more people occupy a smaller area.
The British overseas territory of the Iberian Peninsula is the second most densely populated country in Europe. Gibraltar covers an area of 2.6 square miles and has a population of more than 32,000 people resulting in population density of more than 11,000 people per square mile. The small size of the region and favorable economic conditions in Gibraltar contribute to the high density of the territory.
3. Vatican City
Vatican City is the smallest country in the world by area and the third most densely populated European country. It is located within the city of Rome and covers an area of 0.17 square miles. Vatican City has the world’s least population of about 1000 people translating to a population density of more than 5,000 people per square mile.
The Least Densely Populated Countries Of Europe
The Nordic island of Iceland located in the North Atlantic Ocean has the least population density in Europe. Iceland has an area of 40,000 square miles and a population of 332,529. Iceland is the most sparsely populated country in Europe with the population density of 8.3 people per square mile. The low population density is linked to the high rates of emigration and low rates of people settling permanently in Iceland. The temperate climate and volcanic activity in the island also discourage settlement in the country.
Russia is the world’s largest country with an area of 6,592,800 square miles and the second less densely populated country in Europe. Russia is also the most populous European country with a population of more than 144 million people. The large size of Russia and the cold climate of the country makes it one of the least dense places in the world despite its large population. The population density of the country is 22 people per square mile.
With a density of 28.5 persons per square mile, Norway has the third lowest population density in Europe. Norway has an area of 148,747 square miles and a population of 5,258,317. Norway’s low population density is linked to the mountainous landscape and unfavorable climatic conditions due to its location in the northern-most parts of Europe.
European Countries By Population Density
|Rank||Name||Population Density (persons/km2)||Area (km2)|
|19||Isle of Man||129||572|
|39||Bosnia and Herzegovina||78||51,129|
|48||Faroe Islands (Denmark)||33||1,399|