10 Largest Mass Burial Grounds In The World

By C.L. Illsley on June 14 2020 in World Facts

The Holy Cross Memorial Park in Tacloban City, Philippines, is a common grave to the thousands who died during the inslaught of typhoon Yolanda, or also known as Haiyan. Image credit: Lito_lakwatsero/Shutterstock.com
The Holy Cross Memorial Park in Tacloban City, Philippines, is a common grave to the thousands who died during the inslaught of typhoon Yolanda, or also known as Haiyan. Image credit: Lito_lakwatsero/Shutterstock.com
  • The Great Britain Plague Pits date back to the time of the Black Plague which ravaged Europe during the 14th century.
  • A mass grave containing the remains of the victims of the Vukovar Massacre was discovered in 1992 by a team from the United Nations.
  • Located in New York state's Lake Champlain, Crab Island served as the site of a military hospital during the 1814 Battle of Plattsburgh. Dead soldiers were crammed into a massive grave just south of the hospital. 

No country is immune to violence. All around the globe political upheaval and the violence that usually accompanies it have resulted in bloodshed and death. Unfortunately this grim reality isn't confined to any one time period or geographical region. History books are filled with incidences of mass murder and violence in the name of political repression, racial cleansing, and/or religious persecution. Far too many of the world's citizens have been forced to come face to face with the stark reality of death on a large scale. Some of these mass gravesites scattered across the world remind us of these unfortunate historical massacres.

10. Maguindanao

Symbolic 'Impuni-tree' planted for 3rd anniversary of Maguindanao massacre. Image credit: Ramon FVelasquez /Wikimedia.org
Symbolic 'Impuni-tree' planted for 3rd anniversary of Maguindanao massacre. Image credit: Ramon FVelasquez /Wikimedia.org

The Maguindana or Ampatuan Massacre took place in 2009 in the Philippines. Fifty eight victims were found in a mass grave in the town of Ampatuan on the island of Mindanao. These victims of political violence had initally been kidnapped before being murdered. Thirty four of the victims were identified as journalists. The mass murder took place amid a contenscious political campaign. The bloodshed began when Esmael Mangudadatu, the vice major of Buluan, along with a group of supporters and journalists were enroute to file papers for his candidacy. Their caravan was stopped by a hundred armed men who had been sent by Mangudadatu's political rival Andal Ampatuan Sr. The killers had dug a mass grave two days before the murders. The victims included Mangudadatu's wife and two sisters.   

9. Duraiappa

Civilians being displaced as a result of the Sri Lanka Army's military offensive. January 2009 during the Sri Lankan Civil War. Image credit: Trokilinochchi/Wikimedia.org
Civilians being displaced as a result of the Sri Lanka Army's military offensive. January 2009 during the Sri Lankan Civil War. Image credit: Trokilinochchi/Wikimedia.org

A mass grave was uncovered in 1999 in the Sri Lankan city of Jaffna. While renovating the Duraiappa sports stadium workers came across a mass gravesite containing the broken remains of twenty five human beings including two children. The murders were committed during Sri Lanka's bloody civil war which resulted in the deaths of 65,000 people coupled with the disappearance of some 12,000 citizens.  

8. Crab Island

Crab Island as seen from the frozen ice of Lake Champlain in January 2009. The island's monument and flagpole can be seen in the enlargement to the left and right respectively. Image credit: M. Boire/Public domain
Crab Island as seen from the frozen ice of Lake Champlain in January 2009. The island's monument and flagpole can be seen in the enlargement to the left and right respectively. Image credit: M. Boire/Public domain

Located in New York state's Lake Champlain, Crab Island served as the site of a military hospital during the 1814 Battle of Plattsburgh. Dead soldiers were crammed into a massive grave just south of the hospital.  To this day most of their identities remain unknown. In 1908 the site received an official U.S. government commemoration in the form of a large obelisk marking the final resting place of the many lives of those lost during the bloody conflict between American and British forces.  

7. Vukovar

The pig farm at Ovčara where around 260 people were massacred after the battle. Image

The Vukovar Massacre took place in 1991 in Croatia during that country's War of Independence. Just outside of the city of Vukovar two hundred and sixty four prisoners of war, civilians, hospital patients, Serbs, Hungarians, and Muslims were taken to a prison camp. Once there the majority of victims were either shot or beaten to death. A mass grave containing the remains of the victims was discovered in 1992 by a team from the United Nations. In the aftermath of the war the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia charged seven men with war crimes. 

6. Hart Island

Aerial view of Hart Island. Image credit: Bjoertvedt/Wikimedia.org
Aerial view of Hart Island. Image credit: Bjoertvedt/Wikimedia.org

Hart Island is located in New York City's Bronx borough and is part of the Pelham Islands. In 1865 during the American Civil War the island was the site of a prisoner of war camp. Although Confederate and Union soldiers were buried here the remains of soldiers fighting for the Union were reburied elsewhere following the war. Today Hart Island is used by New York as a potter's field which serves as the final resting place for the region's poor, homeless, and diseased.      

5. Great Britain Plague Pits

The Great Plague of London in 1665. The last major outbreak of the bubonic plague in England.
The Great Plague of London in 1665. The last major outbreak of the bubonic plague in England.

The Great Britain Plague Pits date back to the time of the Black Plague which ravaged Europe during the 14th century. Due to the enormous rate of death incurred because of the ravages of the Bubonic Plague (or Black Death) traditional burial methods in the most parts of Europe were abandoned in favor of more efficient practices. Although it may never be known for certain just how many people perished in Britain during the plague experts have estimated that the death toll included between 25 and 60% of the nation's entire population. 

4. Mass Graves In Iraq

Iraq's history of violence and political upheaval has been well documented thoughout the years. In the 1980s mass graves were discovered throughout the nation. Countless victims, mostly Kurds and Iraqi citizens, are said to have been buried in up to 250 mass graves of which only forty of these have been offically unearthed. The deaths can be attributed to genocide, massacres, and executions all carried out on the orders of Iraqi government officials. 

3. Chechnya Massacres

Dead bodies on a truck in Grozny
Dead bodies on a truck in Grozny

The bloody Chechen War began in 1994. Since then a startling number of mass graves have been discovered in the region. In 2008 a total of 58 mass burial sites had been found. The number of victims buried in these graves number in the thousands. The largest mass grave, located in Grozny, the capital of Chechnya, contains the bodies of 800 victims, all of whom are presumed to have perished during the First Chechen War which took place from December 1994 to August 1996. 

2. Mass Graves Of Victims Of Stalin's Rule

Joseph Stalin was a notoriously brutal leader who ruled over the Soviet Union from 1922 until 1953. During his bloody reign his band of secret police were reportedly responsible for the murders of approximately 700,000 people. The majority of these victms were dumped into mass graves which were distributed throughout the nation. Although not all of these gruesome sites have been found mass graves have been discovered in Bykivia (Ukraine), Kurapaty (Belarus), Butovo (Moscow, Russia), and Sandarmokh (Russia). In total these mass gravesites are presumed to include 179,000 to 479,000 victims.  

1. Cambodian Genocide Graves

Skulls of victims of the Cambodian genocide. Image credit: Sigmankatie/Wikimedia.org
Skulls of victims of the Cambodian genocide. Image credit: Sigmankatie/Wikimedia.org

Ruthless Cambodian leader Pol Pot ruled the southeast Asian country from 1975 to 1979. Pot served as leader of the notorious communist Khmer Rouge regime from 1963 to 1997. Under his brutal leadership acts of genocide and crimes against humanity were commonplace. Estimates put the death toll under his government to be a staggering 1.38 million. About 200,000 mass graves have been directly tied to Pot's administration.    

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