World Facts

The Deadliest Mass Shootings In History

The largest mass shooting to ever occur was the Garissa University College Attack, in Garissa, Kenya, in 2014. 148 victims perished in the attack.

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Statistics show that the number of mass shooting victims has increased significantly over the past four decades. In fact, the term "mass shooting" has only emerged in recent decades. When it comes to dealing with gun massacres, the United States is unique in a very unfortunate way. According to a new study, more public mass shootings occur in the US than in any other country in the world. In fact, more than 90 mass shootings took place in the United States between 1966 and 2012. Mass shootings are defined as shooting events having four or more victims, and do not include slayings or gang killings which involve the death of multiple family members.

Notable Mass Shooting Events

2016 Orlando Nightclub Shooting & 2017 Las Vegas Shooting

On June 12, 2016, a gunman gunned down 49 people at a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida, USA. The Orlando nightclub shooting was considered the deadliest mass shooting in the United States until the 2017 Las Vegas Shooting one year later. On the night of October 1, 2017, Stephen Paddock fired over 1,100 rounds into the crowd of the Route 91 Harvest musical festival in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA killing 58 people.

Sandy Hook Massacre

On December 4, 2012, a gunman in Newtown, Connecticut, USA opened fire and killed 27 people, of which 20 of these victims were children aged between 5 and 10 years old, at Sandy Hook Elementary School. The shooting took place at an elementary school, and the gunman committed suicide shortly thereafter. The Sandy Hook Massacre remains the deadliest mass shooting at a grade school or high school in US history.

2011 Norway Attacks

On Friday afternoon, July 22, 2011, a 2,000-pound home-made fertilizer bomb was planted in a motor vehicle in the central area of Oslo, Norway. The bomb exploded at around 3:30 pm local time, scattering debris and rocking Norway’s capital. It blew out the windows in proximate government offices, killing 8 people and wounding a dozen others. Rescuers and police quickly rushed to the scene to handle the situation and help out the survivors. Meanwhile, the attacker, Anders Behring Breivik, who had planned the bombing of the city ahead of time, headed for Utova, a small island that lies approximately 25 miles northwest of Oslo. At that time, a youth camp was being held by members of a Norwegian political party. Armed with an automatic rifle, he entered the grounds hosting the event and started shooting campers. He killed a total of 77 people.

Port Arthur Massacre

In 1996, Martin Bryant entered a café on a historic penal colony site at Port Arthur in Tasmania, Australia. After taking his lunch, the 28-year old pulled out a semi-automatic rifle from his bag and started a shooting spree. By the time he was arrested the following morning, he had killed 35 people and wounded 23 others. The event made Bryant the worst mass-murderer in Australian history.

Virginia Tech Shootings

In April 2007, 23-year old Seung-Hui Cho murdered 32 people on the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University campus in Blacksburg, Virginia, USA. He later took his own life, and the event lives in infamy as the “Virginia Tech Massacre”.

Future Outlook

Over the last five decades, mass shootings have become an important (and very controversial) issue for many developed countries having to deal with this terrible problem. According to a Gallup Survey was carried out in the US in January of 2014, approximately 40% of the United States populace responded that they were completely satisfied with the gun laws in place at that time. Contrarily, 31% of the poll’s respondents stated that they were not content with the laws in place, and desired stricter firearms regulation.

The Deadliest Mass Shootings In History

RankNameLocationYearVictims
1Garissa University College AttackGarissa, Kenya2015148
2Peshawar School MassacrePeshawar, Pakistan2014149
3November 2015 Paris AttacksParis, France2015130
42011 Norway AttacksOslo, Norway201177
5Westgate Shopping Mall AttackNairobi, Kenya201367
62017 Las Vegas ShootingLas Vegas, Nevada, USA201758
7South Korea Shooting of 1982Uiryeong County, South Korea198256
8New Zealand Mosque ShootingsChristchurch, New Zealand201951
92016 Orlando Nightclub ShootingOrlando, Florida, USA 201649
10Sousse Beach Mass ShootingSousse, Tunisia201538
11Port Arthur Masacre Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia 1996 35
12Virginia Tech ShootingsBlacksburg, Virginia, USA200732
13Tian Mingjian IncidentBeijing, China199428
14Sandy Hook MassacreNewtown, Connecticut, USA201227
15Sutherland Springs Church ShootingSutherland Springs, Texas, USA201726
16Kampala Wedding MassacreKampala, Uganda199426
17Luby's ShootingKillen, Texas, USA199123
18San Ysidro McDonald's MassacreSan Ysidro, California, USA198421
192015 Bamako Hotel AttackBamako, Mali201520
202010 Chihuahua ShootingsChihuahua, Mexico201019
21University of Texas Tower ShootingAustin, Texas, USA196618
22Dunblane MassacreDunblane, Scotland, UK199617
23Erfurt School MassacreErfurt, Germany200217
24Stoneman Douglas High School ShootingParkland, Florida, USA201817
25Hungerford MassacreHungergord, Berkshire, UK198716
26Winneden School ShootingWinnenden, Germany200916
27Columbine High School MassacreColumbine, Colorado, USA199915
28Edmond Post Office ShootingEdmond, Oklahoma, USA198615
29Toulon France ShootingToulon, France199515
30Zug MassacreZug, Switzerland200114
31Luxiol MassacreLuxiol, France198914
322015 San Bernandino AttackSan Bernardino, California, USA2,01514
33École Polytechnique massacreMontreal, Quebec, Canada1,98914
34Pashupatinath Temple ShootingMandsaur, India198314
35Aramoana MassacreAramoana, New Zealand199013
36Fort Hood ShootingFort Hood, Texas, USA200913
37Binghamton ShootingsBinghamton, New York, USA200913
38Baku ShootingBaku, Azerbaijan200913
39Velika Ivanča ShootingVelika Ivanča, Serbia201313
40Kamwenge Trading Centre ShootingKamwenge, Uganda199413
41Aurora ShootingAurora, Colorado, USA201212
421999 Atlanta ShootingAtlanta, Georgia, USA199912
43Rio de Janeiro School ShootingRio de Janeiro, Brazil201112
44Campinas MassacreCampinas, Brazil201612
45Cumbria ShootingsCumbria, England, UK201012
46Charlie Hebdo ShootingParis, France201512
472011 Rio de Janeiro School ShootingRio de Janeiro, Brazil201112
48Washington Navy Yard ShootingWashington, D.C., USA201311
49Geneva County MassacreGeneva County, Alabama, USA200910
50Bombo ShootingBombo, Uganda201310
51Kauhajoki School ShootingKauhajoki, Finland200810

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