World Facts

The Deadliest Mass Shootings In History

The largest mass shooting to ever occur was the Garissa University College Attack, in Garissa, Kenya, in 2014. 148 victims perished in the attack.

Statistics show that the number of mass shooting victims has increased significantly over the past four decades. In fact, the term "mass shooting" has only emerged in recent decades.

When it comes to dealing with gun massacres, the United States is unique in a very unfortunate way. According to a new study, more public mass shootings occur in the U.S. than in any other country in the world. In fact, more than 90 mass shootings took place in the United States between 1966 and 2012. Mass shootings are defined as shooting events having four or more victims, and do not include slayings or gang killings which involve the death of multiple family members.

Notable Mass Shooting Events

On June 12, 2016, a gunman gunned down 49 people at a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida, USA. The Orlando nightclub shooting was considered the deadliest mass shooting in the United States until the 2017 Las Vegas Shooting one year later. On the night of October 1, 2017, Stephen Paddock fired over 1,100 rounds into the crowd of the Route 91 Harvest musical festival in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA killing 58 people.

On December 4, 2012, a gunman in Newtown, Connecticut, USA opened fire and killed 27 people, of which 20 of these victims were children aged between 5 and 10 years old, at Sandy Hook Elementary School. The shooting took place at an elementary school, and the gunman committed suicide shortly thereafter. The Sandy Hook Massacre remains the deadliest mass shooting at a grade school or high school in US history.

On Friday afternoon, July 22, 2011, a 2,000-pound home-made fertilizer bomb was planted in a motor vehicle in the central area of Oslo, Norway. The bomb exploded at around 3:30pm local time, scattering debris and rocking Norway’s capital. It blew out the windows in proximate government offices, killing 8 people and wounding a dozen others. Rescuers and police quickly rushed to the scene to handle the situation and help out the survivors. Meanwhile, the attacker, Anders Behring Breivik, who had planned the bombing of the city ahead of time, headed for Utova, a small island that lies approximately 25 miles northwest of Oslo. At that time, a youth camp was being held by members of a Norwegian political party. Armed with an automatic rifle, he entered the grounds hosting the event and started shooting campers. He killed a total of 77 people.

In 1996, Martin Bryant entered a café on a historic penal colony site at Port Arthur in Tasmania, Australia. After taking his lunch, the 28-year old pulled out a semi-automatic rifle from his bag and started a shooting spree. By the time he was arrested the following morning, he had killed 35 people and wounded 23 others. The event made Bryant the worst mass-murderer in Australian history.

In April 2007, 23-year old Seung-Hui Cho murdered 32 people on the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University campus in Blacksburg, Virginia, USA. He later took his own life, and the event lives in infamy as the “Virginia Tech Massacre”.

In a 14-hour shooting rampage, Genildo Ferreira de Franca, a former army soldier, terrorized Sao Gancalo do Amarante, a small town in the interior of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. In a systematic way, he left 17 people dead over the course of this personal vendetta. After the police surrounded him, he released his own five-year-old daughter and Valdenice Ribeiro da Silva, and then killed himself.

Future Outlook

Over the last five decades, mass shootings have become an important (and very controversial) issue for many developed countries having to deal with this terrible problem. According to a Gallup Survey was carried out in the U.S. in January of 2014, approximately 40 percent of the Unites States populace responded that they were completely satisfied with the gun laws in place at that time. Contrarily, 31 percent of the poll’s respondents stated that they were not content with the laws in place, and desired stricter firearms regulation.

The Deadliest Mass Shootings In History

RankNameLocationYearVictims
1Garissa University College AttackGarissa, Kenya2015148
2Peshawar School MassacrePeshawar, Pakistan2014149
3November 2015 Paris AttacksParis, France2015130
42011 Norway AttacksOslo, Norway201177
5Westgate Shopping Mall AttackNairobi, Kenya201367
62017 Las Vegas ShootingLas Vegas, Nevada, USA201758
7South Korea Shooting of 1982Uiryeong County, South Korea198256
82016 Orlando Nightclub ShootingOrlando, Florida, USA201649
9Sousse Beach Mass ShootingSousse, Tunisia201538
10Port Arthur Masacre Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia 1996 35
11Virginia Tech ShootingsBlacksburg, Virginia, USA200732
12Tian Mingjian IncidentBeijing, China199428
13Sandy Hook MassacreNewtown, Connecticut, USA201227
14Sutherland Springs Church ShootingSutherland Springs, Texas, USA201726
15Kampala Wedding MassacreKampala, Uganda199426
16Luby's ShootingKillen, Texas, USA199123
17San Ysidro McDonald's MassacreSan Ysidro, California, USA198421
182015 Bamako Hotel AttackBamako, Mali201520
192010 Chihuahua ShootingsChihuahua, Mexico201019
20University of Texas Tower ShootingAustin, Texas, USA196618
21Dunblane MassacreDunblane, Scotland, UK199617
22Erfurt School MassacreErfurt, Germany200217
23Stoneman Douglas High School ShootingParkland, Florida, USA201817
24Hungerford MassacreHungergord, Berkshire, UK198716
25Winneden School ShootingWinnenden, Germany200916
26Columbine High School MassacreColumbine, Colorado, USA199915
27Edmond Post Office ShootingEdmond, Oklahoma, USA198615
28Toulon France ShootingToulon, France199515
29Zug MassacreZug, Switzerland200114
30Luxiol MassacreLuxiol, France198914
312015 San Bernandino AttackSan Bernardino, California, USA201514
32École Polytechnique massacreMontreal, Quebec, Canada198914
33Pashupatinath Temple ShootingMandsaur, India198314
34Aramoana MassacreAramoana, New Zealand199013
35Fort Hood ShootingFort Hood, Texas, USA200913
36Binghamton ShootingsBinghamton, New York, USA200913
37Baku ShootingBaku, Azerbaijan200913
38Velika Ivanča ShootingVelika Ivanča, Serbia201313
39Kamwenge Trading Centre ShootingKamwenge, Uganda199413
40Aurora ShootingAurora, Colorado, USA201212
411999 Atlanta ShootingAtlanta, Georgia, USA199912
42Rio de Janeiro School ShootingRio de Janeiro, Brazil201112
43Campinas MassacreCampinas, Brazil201612
44Cumbria ShootingsCumbria, England, UK201012
45Charlie Hebdo ShootingParis, France201512
462011 Rio de Janeiro School ShootingRio de Janeiro, Brazil201112
47Washington Navy Yard ShootingWashington, D.C., USA201311
48Geneva County MassacreGeneva County, Alabama, USA200910
49Bombo ShootingBombo, Uganda201310
50Kauhajoki School ShootingKauhajoki, Finland200810

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