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1 | 2 | 3 | 4 Canada Timeline (Page 1)

1000's - 1400's
  • (1000) Leif Ericson and crew (Vikings) visited the coastline of Newfoundland and Labrador 
  •  (1497) Giovanni Caboto (John Cabot) claimed Newfoundland for England 
  •  (1497-1498) Sebastian and John Cabot explored east coast of North America for England 
  •  (1498) John Cabot traveled coast of Labrador, New Brunswick; traded furs with Micmac Indians 
  • (1506) First known fishing voyage to Newfoundland made by Normans
  •  (1521 - 1526) João Álvares Fagundes established first European colony in North America at Cape Breton Island (later abandoned) 
  •  (1534) Jacques Cartier explored St. Lawrence River, claimed shores of Gulf of St. Lawrence for France 
  •  (1535) Name of Canada originated from Jacques Cartier; he misunderstood Aboriginal word Kannata, which meant collection of huts 
  •  (1540) Jean-Francois de la Rocque de Roberval appointed viceroy of Canada, Newfoundland, Labrador 
  •  (1541) Jacques Cartier, Sieur de Roberval founded first French settlement in North America in Quebec - Charlesbourg-Royal 
  •  (1542) Charlesbourg-Royal was abandoned 
  •  (1576) Martin Frobisher of England made first attempt to find Northwest Passage 
  •  (1583) Sir Humphrey Gilbert claimed Newfoundland as England's first overseas colony 
  •  (1598) Roberval received fur-trading monopoly to New France; led party of 40 colonists 
  • (1600) King Henry IV of France granted fur trading rights to group of merchants for Gulf of St. Lawrence 
  •  (1605) Samuel de Champlain founded Port Royal in present day Nova Scotia 
  •  (1608) First permanent European settlement (Quebec City) founded by Champlain 
  •  (1609) Champlain and French forces battled Iroquois on Lake Champlain 
  •  (1610) Henry Hudson explored Hudson Bay; Manhattan Indians attacked his ship 
  •  (1612) Champlain named Governor of New France 
  •  (1613) Beothuk of Newfoundland killed 37 French fisherman, French armed Micmac in retaliation, Beothuk exterminated; Port Royal sacked; St. John's, Newfoundland founded 
  •  (1621) James I of England granted Acadia to Sir William Alexander, renamed it New Scotland 
  •  (1628) Eight-year old Olivier Le Jeune of Madagascar arrived in Quebec; he was the first recorded slave purchase in the vast New France area 
  •  (1629) English, led by David Kirke, captured Quebec City; Champlain taken to England as prisoner 
  •  (1632) Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye with England returned Quebec to France 
  •  (1639) Smallpox epidemic killed half of Huron Indians; coal discovered at Grand Lake 
  •  (1640) Lake Erie discovered 
  •  (1642) Montreal founded by Sieur de Maisonneuve 
  •  (1663) Louis XIV assumed control of New France; Quebec became royal province 
  •  (1670) Hudson Bay Company chartered by Charles II of England 
  •  (1689) Iroquois killed scores of French settlers 
  •  (1690) Sir William Phips captured most of French possessions in Acadia 
  •  (1697) Acadia returned to France in Treaty of Ryswick between France and England

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Timeline continued...
John Cabotjacques cartierSamuel de ChamplainHenry HudsonGate to the Northwest PassagePort RoyalQueen AnneRoyal MintHockeyRodeo


hudson bay