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Geography Statistics of Canada

Land Area:
  • Land: 5,645,142 sq miles (9,084,977 sq km)
  • Water: 553,744 sq miles (891,163 sq km)
  • Total: 6,198,886 sq miles (9,976,140 sq km)
  • Land Area: (individual provinces and territories)
  • Land Area: (all countries)
  • Horizontal Width: 3,402 miles from Cape Spear, Newfoundland, northwest to the Yukon's northwestern border with Alaska.
  • Vertical Length: 2,897 miles from the far-northern edge of Ellesmere Island, directly south to Middle Island in Lake Erie.
  • Geographic Center: Just to the south of Yathkyed Lake in Nunavut, directly west of Hudson Bay
Note: Maximum lengths and widths are point-to-point, straight-line measurements from a Mercator map projection, and will vary some using other map projections

Elevations:
  • Highest Point: Mt. Logan (Yukon) 19,551 ft.
    (5,959 m)
  • Lowest Point:
    Atlantic Ocean (0 ft.) (0 m)

Land Borders:
  • Bordering Countries: (1) USA
  • Canada - USA border: 3,145 miles (5,061 km)
  • Canada - Alaska border: 1,538 miles (2,475 km)

Coastlines:
  • Mainland coastline: 36,350 miles (58,500 km)
  • Island coastline: 115,133 miles (185,290 km)
  • Total coastline: 151,483 miles (243,790 km)

Land Divisions:
Canada is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories:

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Canada provinces, territories & their capitals

Region Capital Quick Reference
Alberta Edmonton Alberta
British Columbia Victoria British Columbia
Manitoba Winnipeg Manitoba
New Brunswick Fredericton New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador
Northwest Territories Yellowknife Northwest Territories
Nova Scotia Halifax Nova Scotia
Nunavut Iqaluit Nunavut
Ontario Toronto Ontario
Prince Edward Island Charlottetown Prince Edward Island
Quebec Quebec Quebec
Saskatchewan Regina Saskatchewan
Yukon Whitehorse Yukon

Provinces & Territories Of Canada