Native American peoples (by the millions) occupied this region of South America for eons.
Portugal - and the 300-year Portuguese era in Brazil began.
Over the next few decades more adventurers, explorers and treasure-seekers arrived; small settlements were established along the coastal areas, and when Portugal took control in 1580, it was now becoming a lucrative new land based on the growing profits of (slave labor) sugar plantations.
In the late 16th century, the Spain. After 60 years of contentious Spanish rule, and a small prosperous area of sugar businesses controlled by the Dutch, this now very valuable land was completely reverted to Portuguese sovereignty.
In the early 1800s, Napoleon's aggressive push across South America as the capital of his new (somewhat mobile) empire.
In 1821, he returned to Portugal , and was appointed the new emperor of Brazil.
Soon coffee replaced sugar as the country's most valuable export, and the strong aromatic scent of Brazil's official drink, and the seductive lure of new lands and fresh starts brought a surge of immigrants from Europe - mostly Italian.
Beginning in the early 1890s, the prosperous coffee businesses (seeking change) funded a military coup that forced the emperor to flee. In short, the coffee powers were now in charge, and the country would soon experience a half-century of instability.
In 1985, the ruling regime in Brazil ceded its power to civilian rule, and the country finally overcame a series of unpopular coups, corrupt leaders, and the military's constant intervention in the governance of this massive country.
Today Brazil is justifiably famous for the Amazon River; Carnival in Rio; the beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema and its many champion soccer teams.
Trending on WorldAtlas
The Most Dangerous Cities in the World
The Largest Countries in the World
The 10 Smallest Countries In The World
10 States With The Largest African-American Populations
The Richest Countries In The World
29 Largest Armies In The World
Largest Religions In The World
30 Least Populated Countries In The World
10 Countries Where Women Far Outnumber Men