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New Brunswick

New Brunswick History Timeline

1500s - 1600s
  • (1534) Jacques Cartier charted northern coast of New Brunswick (N.B.), found Chaleur Bay
  • (1604) Settlement of Sainte-Croix founded
  • (1691) Commander Joseph Robineau de Villebon constructed first home at Fort Saint-Joseph
1700s
  • (1713) N.B. belonged to France with signing of Treaty of Utrecht
  • (1756 - 1763) Seven Years' War - British extended control to include all of N.B.
  • (1758) British raiding party destroyed Grimross (Gagetown), burned 50 buildings; Fort Frederick established at mouth of St. John River
  • (1763) N.B. absorbed into colony of Nova Scotia
  • (1783) Settlers at St. Anne's Point (Fredericton) had snowfall, freezing temperatures in tents with no floors nor provisions for winter
  • (1784) New Brunswick established as a separate colony from Nova Scotia
  • (1786) First legislature of New Brunswick met
1800s
  • (1816) First river steamboat launched at Saint John
  • (1820) Bank of N.B. incorporated, first in the colony
  • (1825) 200-500 people killed in Miramichi fire, destroyed towns of Newcastle and Douglastown
  • (1839) Aroostook War - N.B. and Maine Lumbermen clashed over undefined border
  • (1842) N.B. - Maine boundary dispute settled
  • (1848) N.B. granted self-government
  • (1849) N.B. established own postal system
  • (1852) N.B. gained recognition as home of world's fastest clipper ship - Marco Polo (sailed from Liverpool, England to Melbourne, Australia in 76 days)
  • (1860) Decimal coinage became official tender
  • (1867) British North America Act joined Nova Scotia and N.B. in one federal union; became one of four original provinces of Dominion of Canada
  • (1880) N.B. legislature in Fredericton destroyed by fire
  • (1886) Fire at Dalhousie destroyed 22 buildings
1900s
  • (1919) N.B. women won right to vote
  • (1922) Hartland Bridge covered- longest covered bridge in world
  • (1934) N.B. women won right to hold provincial office
  • (1937) Miramichi Strike- 1500 mill workers and longshoremen along Miramichi River struck at 14 lumber firms for increased wages
  • (1955) N.B.recorded low temperature of -47.2° C measured at Sisson Dam
  • (1970) North America's first deep-water terminal for supertankers officially opened
  • (1972) Federal government banned fishing off N.B. coast to conserve dwindling fish stocks
  • (1974) N.B. became first province to draft statutes in both official languages
  • (1984 - 1985) Potash mining began
  • (1993) Section 16.1 added to Charter of Rights, proclaimed equality of N.B.'s English-speaking, French-speaking communities
  • (1997) Confederation Bridge opened, connected N.B. and Prince Edward island; flooding occurred in large potash mine, caused closure
  • (1998) Theriault became Premier
  • (1999) N.B. Progressive Conservation Party won landside victory in provincial election- Bernard Lord became premier
2000s
  • (2003) First case of potato blight reported
  • (2004) N.B. introduced new anti-smoking laws
  • (2007) N.B. announced largest one-time minimum wage rate increase
  • (2008) Nearly a quarter of the province's deer population died during the winter due to starvation, predation, collisions with cars
  • (2009) Saint John Telegraph-Journal newspaper apologized for inventing scandal involving Canada's Prime Minister
  • (2010) Coal-fired generating station and coal strip mine closed
  • (2010) David Alward elected Premier
  • (2012) Hundreds of people forced from homes in Perth-Andover due to flooding along St. John River

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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