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Alberta is a fertile slice of land, one dominated by the Rocky Mountains and the Great Plains of North America.

Countless snow-capped mountains form the Canadian Rockies, with many reaching to 11,000 ft, or more. Mount Columbia, the highest point in Alberta, stands at 3,747m (12,294 ft) high.

The Caribou Mountains, located in far-northern Alberta, form an elevated plateau that rises above the northern plains.

The Cypress Hills, located in far-southeastern Alberta (on the Saskatchewan border) constitutes the highest point between the Rocky Mountains and Canada's Maritime provinces; maximum elevation here reaches 1,468 m (4,816 ft).

The Great Plains slope east from the Rockies and sweep across Alberta. The land is generally smooth with large treeless areas, especially in the eastern and southern regions of the province.

Forested land is common in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains and in the northern reaches.

Alberta is dissected by dozens of rivers, many small in length and width. Significant rivers include the Athabasca, Bow, Oldman, Peace, Red Deer, Saskatchewan (north and south), Slave and Smoky.

Lakes of note within the province include Athabasca, Claire and Lesser Slave.

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