Latitude: (shown as a horizontal line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator. Lines of latitude are often referred to as parallels.
Longitude: (shown as a vertical line) is the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds, of a point east or west of the Prime (Greenwich) Meridian. Lines of longitude are often referred to as meridians.
North America Latitude and Longitude examples: (see map)
|Atlanta, Georgia:||33º||44'||N||/ 84º||23'||W|
|San Diego, California:||3º||42'||N||/ 117º||9'||W|
|Yellowknife, Canada:||62º||27'||N||/ 114º||21'||W|
|St. John's, Canada:||47º||34'||N||/ 52º||42'||W|
|Panama City, Panama:||8º||58'||N||/ 79º||32'||W|
|Mexico City, Mexico:||19º||26'||N||/ 99º||8'||W|