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Montenegro History Timeline

Map of Montenegro
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Montenegro's Information

Flag of Montenegro
Land Area 13,452 km2
Water Area 360 km2
Total Area 13,812 km2
Population 644,578
Population Density 46.67 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $10.61 Billion
GDP Per Capita $17,000
Currency Euro (EUR)
Largest Cities
  • Podgorica (136,473)
  • Niksic (58,212)
  • Herceg-Novi (19,536)
  • Pljevlja (19,489)
  • Budva (18,000)
  • Bar (17,727)
  • Bijelo Polje (15,400)
  • Cetinje (15,137)
700's – 1800's
  • (700-800) Slav tribes settled in territories of present day Montenegro
  • (1878) Montenegrin independence recognized
  • (1918) Montenegro became part of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, Slovenes
  • (1929) Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, Slovenes renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  • (1945) Josip Broz Tito ruled; Montenegro, Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Serbia joined the new Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
  • (1980) Josip Broz Tito died
  • (1991) Milo Djukanovic became Montenegrin prime minister; Montenegro supported union with Serbia; Slovenia, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia broke away from the union
  • (1992) Montenegro joined Serbia in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; UN imposed sanctions on Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
  • (1997) Milo Djukanovic defeated pro-Milosevic candidate in presidential election
  • (1999) Milo Djukanovic declared Montenegro not part of the conflict over Kosovo; Montenegro adopted the German mark
  • (2000) Montenegro voters kept pro-West government in the capital of Podgorica; citizens of Yugoslav federation, Serbia and Montenegro, voted directly for president for the first time; President Djukanovic called for international state from Serbia
  • (2001) Dragisa Pesic appointed new prime minister
  • (2002) Montenegro adopted euro as its currency; Serbia and Montenegro agreed to rename their federation "Serbia and Montenegro"; government collapsed over the new union's differences of Serbia and Montenegro; Milo Djukanovic gave up presidency, became coalition prime minister
  • (2003) Parliaments approved constitutional charter for the Union of Serbia and Montenegro; Filip Vujanovic elected president
  • (2004) Dusko Jovanovic, journalist and critic of Montenegro government, shot dead due to allegations of corruption in Montenegro leadership
  • (2005) Montenegro's President Filip Vujanovic and Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic proposed the peaceful disintegration of Serbia-Montenegro; Serbia's prime minister rejected Montenegro's proposal for a final split of their joint state
  • (2006) Montenegro declared independence, Serbia declared itself independent sovereign successor state to the Union of Serbia and Montenegro; Montenegro became 192nd member of UN
  • (2006) Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic stepped down, succeeded by Zeljko Sturanovic, democratic party of socialists; Montenegro admitted to NATO's Partnership for Peace pre-membership program
  • (2006) Passenger train derailed outside capital city, 41 killed, more than 180 injured
  • (2007) Montenegro admitted to IMF; Montenegro admitted to World Bank; Montenegro signed a stabilization and association agreement, first steps toward EU membership; Montenegro adopted new constitution
  • (2008) Zelijko Sturanovic stepped down as prime minister due to health reasons, Milo Djukanovic returned for a fifth term as prime minister; President Filip Vujanovic won re-election; Montenegro recognized Kosovo's self-declared independence, Serbia protested; Montenegro submitted official EU application for membership
  • (2009) Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic won landslide victory in parliamentary elections; visa-free travel within EU's Schengen zone came into effect for Montenegro's citizens
  • (2010) European Commission recommended Montenegro be named formal candidate to join European Union; Prime Minister Mile Djukanovic resigned, replaced by Igor Luksic
  • (2010) State of emergency declared in Montenegro, Serbia, and Bosnia after heavy rainfall caused severe flooding along the Drina river, hundreds of people evacuated

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