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Ireland History Timeline

Ireland's Information

Flag of Ireland
Land Area 68,883 km2
Water Area 1,390 km2
Total Area 70,273km2 (#118)
Population 4,952,473 (#121)
Population Density 71.90/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $322.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $69,400
Currency Euro (EUR)
More Information Ireland
Largest Cities
BC - 900 AD
  • (300 BC) Groups of Celts reached Ireland
  • (150) Ptolemy drew map of Ireland
  • (367) Irish Picts and Saxons attacked Roman-controlled Britannia
  • (455) St. Patrick founded church at Armagh
  • (795) Vikings attacked Celtic coastal monasteries
  • (841) Vikings fleets wintered in Dublin
  • (967) Irish and powerful Vikings at war
1000s - 1400s
  • (1014) King Brian Boru defeated Viking army
  • (1142) Cistercian house established at Mellifont
  • (1172) Pope in Rome declared King Henry II of England had lordship over Ireland
  • (1224) Dominican order entered Ireland
  • (1260) Brian O'Neill killed at Battle of Down
  • (1297) First Irish Parliament met in Dublin
  • (1315) Scots attacked Ireland
  • (1348-1351) Black death killed a third of population
  • (1394) England's King Richard tried to regain control
  • (1487) Lambert Simnel crowned Edward VI in Dublin
1500s - 1600s
  • (1504) 8th Earl of Kildare declared master of Ireland after military victory at Knocktoe
  • (1539) Irish monasteries dissolved
  • (1541) Henry VIII of England declared King of Ireland
  • (1585) Ireland mapped and divided into counties
  • (1592) Trinity College of Dublin established
  • (1603) Treaty of Mellifont signed
  • (1649) Catholics rebelled over land rights. Oliver Cromwell, England's "Protestant" Lord Protector, led a punitive expedition into Ireland. The massacre was bloody, brutal and most destructive.
  • (1650) The few remaining Catholic landowners relocated to western Ireland
  • (1688) James II, deposed Catholic King of England, fled to Ireland and gathered an army
  • (1689) Siege of Derry
  • (1690) William of Orange defeated James II at the Battle of Boyne
1700s - 1800s
  • (1713) Jonathan Swift named Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral
  • (1731) Royal Dublin Society established
  • (1759) Arthur Guiness purchased brewery in Dublin
  • (1798) Wolfe Tones United Irishmen rebellion
  • (1800) By the Act of Union, Ireland became a part of Great Britain
  • (1817) Royal Canal completed
  • (1828) Catholic emancipation act passed
  • (1838) Whiskey production reduced
  • (1845-1849) Great Potato Famine caused great hardship, thousands of deaths, and forced mass-immigration to the United States
  • (1867) Thousands of Irish-Americans returned home to fight for Irish Republican Brotherhood
  • (1879-82) Land War for the reform of tenancy laws
  • (1892) Irish Home Rule bill defeated, again
  • (1904) Dublin's Abbey Theater opened
  • (1912) Titanic, built in Belfast, sunk
  • (1916 Nationalists staged Easter Rising, proclaimed an independent Irish Republic. All of their leaders were executed by the British.
  • (1919) Nationalists, led by Eamonn De Valera, established Dublin assembly. Guerrilla war began between British forces and the Irish Republican Army
  • (1920) British parliament passed the Government of Ireland Act establishing one parliament for the six counties of Northern Ireland, and another for the rest of Ireland.
  • (1921) Anglo-Irish Treaty signed. Northern Ireland partitioned off to remain part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • (1922) The Dublin parliament accepted the Anglo-Irish Treaty despite Nationalist opposition. Subsequently civil war broke out and hundreds were killed
  • (1923) Irish Free State joined League of Nations
  • (1932) Eamonn De Valera headed the Irish Free State government
  • (1937) Voters approved a new constitution, abolished the Irish Free State, and proclaimed Ireland (Eire) as a sovereign, independent, democratic state, free from British control
  • (1938) Douglas Hyde elected president of Eire
  • (1949) On Easter Monday, Eire became Republic of Ireland, totally independent from Britain
  • (1956) IRA launched terrorism campaign
  • (1957) Republic of Ireland joined United Nations
  • (1959) De Valera elected president
  • (1963) John F. Kennedy was first American President to visit Ireland
  • (1972) Bloody Sunday, as British troops shot and killed 13 demonstrators
  • (1973) The Republic joined European Economic Community, (EU); Northern Ireland violence intensified
  • (1979) Pope John Paul II visited Ireland
  • (1987) IRA bomb exploded during Remembrance day parade
  • (1988) Dublin celebrated its millennium
  • (1990) Mary Robinson elected president
  • (1993) Downing Street Declaration signed
  • (1998) Good Friday Agreement on a political settlement for Northern Ireland approved by voters
  • (2002) Irish punt note replaced by Euro
  • (2002) Bertie Ahern elected prime minister
  • (2004) Ireland held EU presidency
  • (2005) IRA announced an end to armed campaign
  • (2006) Rioting took place in Dublin when protestors attacked 'Love Ulster' parade; Dublin airport evacuated twice in one week over bomb scares
  • (2007) Emergency workers rescued 110 children swept out to sea
  • (2008) Irish voters rejected EU treaty; Prime Minister Bernie Ahern resigned following allegations of receipt of secret payments
  • (2009) Rugby team won first Grand Slam victory in 61 years; Real IRA claimed responsibility for attack at Massareene army base, two soldiers killed; Irish voters approved EU referendum
  • (2010) Ash from eruptions of volcano beneath Eyjafjallajokull glacier in Iceland caused closure of airports; Irish debt crisis rocked financial markets; requested bail-out from EU and IMF
  • (2011) Leaders of Irish Republic's two major parliamentary parties agreed to form new coalition government
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Ireland Trivia

What is the National Animal of Ireland?

The national land animal is not very clear although the Irish Hare has been treated as the national animal. It can be noted that the hare was not the original idea for a national animal. Initially the Irish elk is what was defined as the national animal, an iconic mammal that was found in the whole of Northern Europe. Since this mammal no longer exists, the next possible contender for the spot was the red deer. This was not well received as its origin was also not very clear. Some people still consider the red deer as the national animal.

What is the National Animal of Ireland?

What Languages Are Spoken In Ireland?

The two principal languages of Ireland are English and Irish. Irish is considered the official and national language of the Republic of Ireland; Northern Ireland has no official language. However, English has been the dominant spoken language in both political areas since the end of the 19th century. The two regional languages of Ireland are Ulster Scots and Shelta. Minority languages in Ireland are spoken mainly by immigrant groups. The most common of these include Polish, German, French, Japanese, and Mandarin.

What Languages Are Spoken In Ireland?

Does It Snow In Ireland?

Although most of Ireland's winter precipitation comes in the form of rain, the mountains and hills receive about 30 days of snow annually. The Wicklow Mountains get over 60 days of snow annually.

Does It Snow In Ireland?

What is the Biggest National Park in Ireland?

Wicklow Mountains is the largest national park in Ireland, covering 205 sq km.

The Six National Parks Of Ireland

What is the biggest city in Ireland?

Dublin is the most populated city in Ireland with a population of 527,000.

What is the Largest City in Ireland?

What is the Currency of Ireland?

The official currency of the Republic of Ireland is the Euro.

What is the Currency of Ireland?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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