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Azerbaijan History Timeline

Azerbaijan's Information

Flag of Azerbaijan
Land Area 82,629 km2
Water Area 3,971 km2
Total Area 86,600km2 (#111)
Population 9,872,765 (#91)
Population Density 119.48/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $166.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $17,700
Currency Manat (AZN)
More Information Azerbaijan
Largest Cities

700s – 1800s

  • (730) Khazar commander Barjik invaded Azerbaijan through the Darial Pass, conquered Azerbaijan, Armenia and northern Iraq
  • (1828) Turkmanchay treaty between Russia and Persia divided Azerbaijan; present-day Azerbaijan became part of Russian empire, southern Azerbaijan part of Persia
  • (1848-49) World's first oil well drilled south of Baku (Azerbaijan's capital)
  • (1900) 51% of the world's oil came from Azerbaijan
  • (1918) Independent Azerbaijan Republic declared
  • (1920) Azerbaijan joined the USSR; Red Army invaded Azerbaijan, turned it into a Soviet Republic
  • (1922) Azerbaijan became founding member of Soviet Union
  • (1926) First Turkology congress convened in Baku, discussed alphabet issue; Latin alphabet chosen for all Turkic-speaking peoples by a 101-7 vote
  • (1936) Azerbaijan became a full republic of Soviet Union
  • (1967) Heydar Aliyev appointed head of Azerbaijan KGB
  • (1969) Heydar Aliyev appointed head of Azerbaijani Communist Party
  • (1982) Heydar Aliyev became full member of Soviet Politburo and first deputy chairman of USSR Council of Ministries
  • (1987) Aliyev resigned from the Soviet Politburo government
  • (1988) Nagorno-Karabakh region sought to become a part of Armenia
  • (1988) Ethnic unrest broke out between Armenians and Azerbaijanis
  • (1988) Communist party leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan dismissed after fresh outbreaks of ethnic tensions
  • (1988) Azerbaijan rejected attempt by Nagorno-Karabakh to secede and join Armenia
  • (1990) Ethnic strife between Armenians and Azeris escalated; dozens died in inter-ethnic violence between Nakhichevan exclave Iran rioters
  • (1990) Tensions eased after Soviet and Iran authorities agreed to ease restrictions
  • (1990) Dozens died in inter-ethnic violence in Baku; Soviet troops used force to end unrest, killed at least 100 people
  • (1990) Ayaz Mutallibov became Azeri Communist Party leader; communist party retained power in multiparty elections, Parliament had opposition for the first time
  • (1991) Azerbaijan declared its independence
  • (1991) Elections boycotted by opposition, Mutallibov president
  • (1991) Heydar Alliyev became leader of the Azerbaijan exclave of Nakhichevan
  • (1991) Leadership of Nagorno-Karabakh declared the region an independent republic; inter-ethnic hostilities escalated
  • (1992) Hostilities developed into full-scale war over Karabakh; 600 Azeris killed in an Armenian attack on Karabakh town of Khodzhaly
  • (1992) Armenian forces broke through Azerbaijan territory, created a corridor linking Armenia to Karabakh
  • (1992) President Ayaz Mutallibov resigned
  • (1992) Abulfaz Elchibey, leader of nationalist People's Front, became president in Azerbaijan's first contested electio
1900s continued
  • (1993) Former communist party chief Geidar Aliyev became head of Parliament
  • (1993) Adufaz Elchibey ousted from the presidency
  • (1993) Former Communist party chief Geidar Aliyev assumed presidency
  • (1993) Azerbaijan joined the commonwealth of independent states
  • (1993) Geidar Aliyev elected president of Azerbaijan with 98.9% of the official vote; main opposition Popular Front party boycotted the vote
  • (1994) Cease-fire declared between Armenia and Azerbaijan; more than 35,000 people died in six years of fighting
  • (1994) British Petroleum (BP) acquired 34% stake in the (ACG) oil project, called "contract of the century", Baku again became major oil town
  • (1995) Subway train fire in Baku killed 300 people, injured 270
  • (1995) Ayaz Mutalibov allegedly arranged a failed coup attempt
  • (1996) Separatists in Nagorno-Karabakh elected first president, Robert Kocharian
  • (1996) Lisbon summit of organization of security and cooperation in Europe chose Azerbaijan's argument for territorial integrity over Armenia's argument for self-determination in Nagorno-Karabakh
  • (1996) Elmar Huseinov founded Monitor magazine, exposed abuses of the regime of President Heydar Aliyev
  • (1997) Robert Kocharian left Karabakh, became prime minister of Armenia
  • (1997) Foreign minister Arkadiy Gukasian elected Karabakh's president
  • (1998) Heydar Aliyev returned as president
  • (1998) Death penalty abolished
  • (1999) First part of an oil pipeline across Georgia to the Black Sea opened in Azerbaijan
  • (1998) Vafa Gulkuzade, chief foreign affairs advisor stated Azberbaijan needed military protection, Turkish or American military bases welcomed

Azerbaijan Trivia

How Much of Azerbaijan is in Europe?

Approximately 2,687.27 square miles of Azerbaijan lies within Europe.

Is Azerbaijan in Europe?

What is the biggest city in Azerbaijan?

Baku is the largest and the capital city of Azerbaijan.

The Largest Cities In Azerbaijan

What Languages are Spoken in Azerbaijan?

Azerbaijani, the official language of Azerbaijan, is spoken by more than 90% of the population of the country.

What Languages Are Spoken In Azerbaijan?

Which Are The Biggest Industries In Azerbaijan?

Petroleum and natural gas, steel, iron ore, cement, etc., are some of the biggest industries of Azerbaijan.

The Biggest Industries In Azerbaijan

What are the ethnic groups of Azerbaijan?

92% of the country's residents are ethnic Azerbaijanis, while Lezgins are the largest ethnic minority at 2%.

Ethnic Groups Of Azerbaijan

What are the religious beliefs in Azerbaijan?

Shia Islam is the leading religious belief with 80% of the country’s population adhering to the faith, Sunni Islam is the second leading religious belief in Azerbaijan with a following of 13%, and Orthodox Christianity is the third largest religious belief with 3%. Other religions make up 4% of the population.

Religious Beliefs In Azerbaijan

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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