|Land Area||82,445 km2|
|Water Area||1,426 km2|
|Total Area||83,871km2 (#112)|
|Government Type||Federal Parliamentary Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$417.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$47,900|
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Inhabited since ancient times, the Austrian area has a very long history of occupations, rulers, territorial struggles and war.
The first to come were the Romans; they annexed the area in 150 AD, and made it a province. When the Roman Empire collapsed, Bavarians and Slavic tribes moved into the central and eastern areas.
Charlemagne, the King of the Franks and Emperor of the Romans, conquered these lands in 788 AD. He encouraged colonization and introduced Christianity to the masses.
Over the next few centuries a long series of rulers took charge and overseeing duchies (ruled by a duke or duchess) were established. Most faded into the obscure pages of history, except the powerful Habsburg dynasty.
The House of Habsburg became one of the most important aristocratic royal houses of Europe, best known for being the origin of all of the formally elected Holy Roman Emperors between 1438 and 1740, as well as rulers of the Austrian Empire and Spanish Empire, as well as several other countries.
The Habsburgs expanded and acquired additional crowns and lands through marriage, physical force and war, and in varied alliances and forms (especially with Hungary) ruled Austria for some 600 years from Vienna.
And then in 1914, Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria was assassinated in Sarajevo. His assassination caused Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia. This brought Germany and other countries into the conflict, and World War I began.
By war's end, over one million Austro-Hungarian soldiers were dead and some large European powers (including Germany and Russia) had lost vast tracts of land, and were militarily and politically defeated by the allies.
In 1918 the first Republic of Austria was established, ending the 640-year old Habsburg dynasty. The young republic quickly suffered massive inflation, unemployment, and near economic collapse.
In 1933, the weak coalition government between the Christian-Social and the Social-Democratic parties gave way when Engelbert Dollfuss became Chancellor in 1932; his main mission was to tackle the problems caused by the economic depression sweeping across the country.
What Languages are Spoken in Austria?
Austrian German is the official language of Austria, while Alemannic and Austro-Bavarian are the major unofficial languages.
What Language Is Spoken In Austria?
What is the Biggest City in Austria?
Vienna, the capital of Austria, is the most heavily populated city in the country with a population of 1,840,573 individuals.
The Biggest Cities In Austria
What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Austria?
Ethnic Austrians comprise the most populous ethnic group in the nation of Austria today. Other major ethnic groups include Turks, Germans, Serbs, and Slovenes.
Ethnic Groups in Austria
What Was the Battle Karansebes?
The Battle of Karansebes is notable for its friendly fire incident that resulted in the death of up to 1,200 Austrians at the hand of Austrians.
Did The Austrian Army Defeat Itself In The 1788 Battle Of Karansebes?
What Kind of Economy Does Austria Have?
The economy of Austria is that of a fully industrialized country, with a highly developed market economy, skilled labor force, and a very high standard of living for its population. Austria is part of the European Union (EU) and its economic laws and regulation must meet EU standards.
The Economy Of Austria
What Kind of Government Does Austria Have?
The government of Austria is carried out under a representative democracy framework. Austria has a bicameral parliamentary system and is headed by two positions: the Federal President and the Federal Chancellor. The Constitution of Austria has established 3 branches of government in order to ensure a separation of powers: executive, legislative, and judicial.