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Armenia History Timeline

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Armenia's Information

Flag of Armenia
Land Area 28,203 km2
Water Area 1,540 km2
Total Area 29,743 km2
Population 3,051,250
Population Density 102.59 / km2
Government Type Semi-Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $26.30 Billion
GDP Per Capita $8,900
Currency Dram (AMD)
Largest Cities
  • Yerevan (1,093,485)
  • Gyumri (148,381)
  • Vanadzor (101,098)
  • Ejmiatsin (49,513)
  • Hrazdan (40,795)
  • Abovyan (35,673)
  • Kapan (33,160)
  • Ararat (28,832)
  • Armavir (25,963)
  • Gavarr (21,680)
  • (700-600BC) Armenians, an Indo-European people, migrated from the west to mingle with the Urartu
  • (512BC) Armenia annexed to Persia by Darius I; Urartu officially called Armenia for the first time in the Behistun inscription
  • (331BC) Alexander the Great attacked Persia, defeated Darius III, did not conquer Armenia; Armenia regained its independence from Persia
  • (322BC) King Yervand I founded the Armenian Orontid Kingdom
  • (190BC) Artaxias I reclaimed Armenian sovereignty from the Seleucides; established Artaxiad Dynasty
  • (94-56BC) Tigranes (Dikran) the Great, a scion of the Eastern Dynasty, ruled, welded two Armenian satrapies into one strong kingdom
  • (55BC) Death of Tigranes the Great
  • (55-34BC) Reign of Artavasdes
1AD – 1000AD
  • (1AD) End of the Artaxiad Dynasty in Armenia
  • (53) Tiridates I reaffirmed Armenian independence; founded the Arshakuni Dynasty
  • (286-336) King Trdat III ruled Armenia
  • (301) Armenia was first official Christian state in the world; King Trdat III proclaimed Christianity official state religion
  • (387) Armenia divided into western and eastern parts; eastern Armenia kept its independence
  • (405) Armenian alphabet invented
  • (428) End of the Arshakuni Dynasty
  • (451) Battle of Avarayr, led by Vartan Mamikonian, secured the Christian religion in Armenia
  • (895) Tatev Monastery built near the village of Tatev, Armenia
  • (961) King Ashot III transferred the capital from Kars to Ani
1100 - 1900
  • (1198) Group of Armenian nobles and followers settled in Byzantine Cilicia, established a state known as Lesser or Little Armenia
  • (1520) Selim I conquered large portion of Armenia
  • (1828) Russian regular army and many Armenian fighters liberated eastern Armenia
  • (1915 - 1917) Hundreds of thousands of Armenians were massacred or deported to Syria, as Ottoman government suspected them of pro-Russian sympathies
  • (1916) Russian army conquered Armenian regions of Ottoman Empire
1900s continued
  • (1918) Soviet Union ceded all of Ottoman Empire and part of Russian Armenia to the now defunct Ottoman Empire
  • (1918) Armenia emerged independent after the defeat of Ottoman Empire in World War I
  • (1920) Turkey and Bolshevik Russia invaded Armenia; in agreement with Bolsheviks, Armenia proclaimed itself a socialist republic
  • (1922) Armenia incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR
  • (1930s) Armenians suffered under Stalin rule
  • (1988) Armenians campaigned for Nagorno-Karabakh to be united with Armenia
  • (1988) Earthquake in northern Armenia killed 25,000, left hundreds of thousands homeless
  • (1990) Armenian nationalist won parliamentary elections
  • (1990) Armenia declared independence
  • (1991) Armenia involved in a territorial dispute with Azerbaijan over the Nagorny-Karabakh region
  • (1991) Levon Ter-Petrosian elected president
  • (1991) Armenia joined the Commonwealth of Independent States, the successor to the Soviet Union
  • (1991) Armenia recognized as independent by the U.S.
  • (1992) Armenia joined the United Nations; trade and energy embargo imposed by Azerbaijan
  • (1994) Russian-brokered cease fire ended the Nagorno-Karabakh fighting; the region was left a self-proclaimed republic, Armenian forces controlled the Azerbaijani territory surrounding Karabakh

    1900s continued

    • (1995) Government launched privatization and price liberalization programs
    • (1995) Ruling party returned following Parliamentary elections, presidential powers were broadened
    • (1996) Ter-Petrosian re-elected president; protests over alleged electoral fraud took place
    • (1998) Ter-Petrosian resigned after opposition to efforts to seek a compromise with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh; Nationalist Robert Kocharian elected president
    • (1999) Gunmen opened fire in the Armenian parliament killing prime minister, parliamentary speaker and six other officials; gunmen accused the government of leading Armenia into political and economic ruin
    • (2001) Armenia became full member of Council of Europe
    • (2001) Vladimir Putin first Russian president to visit Armenia since independence
    • (2003) President Robert Kocharian won Armenia's presidential runoff
    • (2003) Armenians went to the polls to select a parliament
    • (2003) Death penalty abolished
    • (2003) Six sentenced to life imprisonment for their roles in 1999 parliament shootings
    • (2004) Thousands of opposition supporters marched against president
    • (2004) Parliament voted to send 46 non-combat troops to Iraq
    • (2005) Armenia said Azerbaijan stockpiled more arms than permitted by treaty
    • (2005) Referendum voted in favor of proposed constitutional amendments; opposition protested, declared the vote rigged
    • (2006) Gas supply to Armenia disrupted following explosions in Russia damaged pipeline through Georgia
    • (2007) Parliament adopted bill allowing dual citizenship, paved the way for naturalization of Armenia's massive foreign migration estimated at eight million
    • (2007) Prime Minister Andranik Markarian died suddenly of heart attack, replaced by Serzh Sarkisian
    • (2007) Supporters of resolution in U.S. Congress to label mass killings of Armenians after 1915 as genocide was postponed
    • (2008) Armenians voted for a new president; Prime Minister Serzh Sarkisian (Sargsyan) declared winner; thousands of opposition supporters protested the results
    • (2008) State of emergency declared due to protests
    • (2008) Parliament passed law restricting public gatherings
    • (2008) Turkish President Abdullah Gul visited Armenia - first visit by a Turkish leader
    • (2008) Armenia won its second straight gold medal at the Chess Olympiad in Germany, defeated China in the final round
    2000s continued
    • (2009) Turkish and Armenian foreign ministers issued a joint statement that they had "achieved tangible progress and mutual understanding"
    • (2009) Governments of Turkey and Armenia agreed to normalize relations at a meeting in Switzerland, created opportunities to establish diplomatic ties and reopen the mutual border
    • (2010) U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee passed resolution which described the killing of Armenians by Turkish forces in World War I as genocide, prompted Ankara to recall its ambassador
    • (2010) Parliament suspended ratification of accord normalizing relations with Turkey after Yerevan accused Ankara of imposing conditions, especially its insistence that Armenia's dispute with Azerbaijan be resolved
    • (2010) Azerbaijan and Armenia agreed to exchange prisoners captured during Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
    • (2011) Prime Minister Serge Sarkisian announced Armenia was ready to establish diplomatic relations with Turkey without any preconditions
    • (2011) Ongoing protests demanded President Serzh Sargsyan release political prisoners, prosecute the responsible parties for the death of opposition activists of the 2008 presidential election
    • (2011) French President Nicolas Sarkozy urged Turkey to accept responsibility for the genocide of more than one million Armenians during the collapse of the Ottoman Empire during his visit to Armenia
    • (2012) Turkey's prime minister said a bill passed by the French Parliament on the mass killing of Armenians under Ottoman rule is "racist"; warned of retaliatory measures
    • (2013) Serzh Sargsyan reelected president

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