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Armenia History Timeline

Armenia's Information

Flag of Armenia
Land Area 28,203 km2
Water Area 1,540 km2
Total Area 29,743km2 (#138)
Population 3,051,250 (#136)
Population Density 108.19/km2
Government Type Semi-presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $26.30 Billion
GDP Per Capita $8,900
Currency Dram (AMD)
More Information Armenia
Largest Cities
  • (700-600BC) Armenians, an Indo-European people, migrated from the west to mingle with the Urartu
  • (512BC) Armenia annexed to Persia by Darius I; Urartu officially called Armenia for the first time in the Behistun inscription
  • (331BC) Alexander the Great attacked Persia, defeated Darius III, did not conquer Armenia; Armenia regained its independence from Persia
  • (322BC) King Yervand I founded the Armenian Orontid Kingdom
  • (190BC) Artaxias I reclaimed Armenian sovereignty from the Seleucides; established Artaxiad Dynasty
  • (94-56BC) Tigranes (Dikran) the Great, a scion of the Eastern Dynasty, ruled, welded two Armenian satrapies into one strong kingdom
  • (55BC) Death of Tigranes the Great
  • (55-34BC) Reign of Artavasdes
1AD – 1000AD
  • (1AD) End of the Artaxiad Dynasty in Armenia
  • (53) Tiridates I reaffirmed Armenian independence; founded the Arshakuni Dynasty
  • (286-336) King Trdat III ruled Armenia
  • (301) Armenia was first official Christian state in the world; King Trdat III proclaimed Christianity official state religion
  • (387) Armenia divided into western and eastern parts; eastern Armenia kept its independence
  • (405) Armenian alphabet invented
  • (428) End of the Arshakuni Dynasty
  • (451) Battle of Avarayr, led by Vartan Mamikonian, secured the Christian religion in Armenia
  • (895) Tatev Monastery built near the village of Tatev, Armenia
  • (961) King Ashot III transferred the capital from Kars to Ani
1100 - 1900
  • (1198) Group of Armenian nobles and followers settled in Byzantine Cilicia, established a state known as Lesser or Little Armenia
  • (1520) Selim I conquered large portion of Armenia
  • (1828) Russian regular army and many Armenian fighters liberated eastern Armenia
  • (1915 - 1917) Hundreds of thousands of Armenians were massacred or deported to Syria, as Ottoman government suspected them of pro-Russian sympathies
  • (1916) Russian army conquered Armenian regions of Ottoman Empire
1900s continued
  • (1918) Soviet Union ceded all of Ottoman Empire and part of Russian Armenia to the now defunct Ottoman Empire
  • (1918) Armenia emerged independent after the defeat of Ottoman Empire in World War I
  • (1920) Turkey and Bolshevik Russia invaded Armenia; in agreement with Bolsheviks, Armenia proclaimed itself a socialist republic
  • (1922) Armenia incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR
  • (1930s) Armenians suffered under Stalin rule
  • (1988) Armenians campaigned for Nagorno-Karabakh to be united with Armenia
  • (1988) Earthquake in northern Armenia killed 25,000, left hundreds of thousands homeless
  • (1990) Armenian nationalist won parliamentary elections
  • (1990) Armenia declared independence
  • (1991) Armenia involved in a territorial dispute with Azerbaijan over the Nagorny-Karabakh region
  • (1991) Levon Ter-Petrosian elected president
  • (1991) Armenia joined the Commonwealth of Independent States, the successor to the Soviet Union
  • (1991) Armenia recognized as independent by the U.S.
  • (1992) Armenia joined the United Nations; trade and energy embargo imposed by Azerbaijan
  • (1994) Russian-brokered cease fire ended the Nagorno-Karabakh fighting; the region was left a self-proclaimed republic, Armenian forces controlled the Azerbaijani territory surrounding Karabakh

Armenia Trivia

Is Armenia in Europe or Asia?

Officially known as the Republic of Armenia, Armenia Is a state that is located in Eurasia's South Caucasus region. The South Caucasus region refers to the area lying on the border between Western Asia and Eastern Europe, which is close to the southern Caucasus Mountains.

Is Armenia in Europe or Asia?

What Is The Capital Of Armenia?

Yerevan, also spelled Yerevan, serves as the capital city of the Armenia. It is not only the largest Armenian city but also among the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Yerevan, which is the country’s industrial, administrative, and cultural city, is found along River Hrazdan. Yerevan has been Armenia’s capital city since the year 1918.

What Is The Capital Of Armenia?

What Languages are Spoken in Armenia?

The official language of Armenia is Armenian while Assyrian, Greek, Russian, and Yazidi Kurdish are the major minority languages spoken in the country.

What Languages Are Spoken In Armenia?

Where is Armenia?

Armenia is a landlocked country in Eurasia.

Fun Facts About Armenia

What are the biggest industries in Armenia?

The economy is largely based on industries such as mining, jewelry, agriculture, textile, and tourism.

The Biggest Industries In Armenia

What are Aspects of the Armenian Culture?

Armenia has been occupied by neighboring empires throughout much of its history. As such, time and time again the culture faced threat of extinction or assimilation into other dominant cultures. However, with the establishment of the Armenian Republic in the wake of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, there were reasons for renewed confidence in the sustainability of one of the oldest extant cultures of our world. Armenian language and literature is being vigorously promoted among new first language speakers, both at home and across the global Armenian population. Still, the unique language faces a threat of language disintegration abroad.

The Armenian People and Armenian Culture

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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