1. Home
  2. Asia
  3. Armenia

Armenia History Timeline

Map of Armenia
Locator Map of Armenia Oceans of the World Oceans of the World Map of the Denmark Strait Greenland Map Strait of Gibraltar European Map Asian Map Kazakhstan Turkey Map and Information European Russia Map of the Equator Map of the Equator Polar Caps Map Italy Mediterranean Sea Information Custom Maps Africa Map Middle Eastern Map Middle Eastern Map Middle Eastern Map Middle Eastern Map Map of the Middle East Map of the Middle East Map of the Middle East Map of the Middle East African Map African Map African Map African Map Norwegian Sea Map North Sea Map Baltic Sea Information Barents Sea Information Kara Sea Information English Channel Map and Information Bay of Biscay Black Sea Caspian Sea Greenland Sea Map Red Sea Map

Armenia's Information

Flag of Armenia
Land Area 28,203 km2
Water Area 1,540 km2
Total Area 29,743 km2
Population 3,051,250
Population Density 102.59 / km2
Government Type Semi-Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $26.30 Billion
GDP Per Capita $8,900
Currency Dram (AMD)
Largest Cities
  • Yerevan (1,093,485)
  • Gyumri (148,381)
  • Vanadzor (101,098)
  • Ejmiatsin (49,513)
  • Hrazdan (40,795)
  • Abovyan (35,673)
  • Kapan (33,160)
  • Ararat (28,832)
  • Armavir (25,963)
  • Gavarr (21,680)
BC
  • (700-600BC) Armenians, an Indo-European people, migrated from the west to mingle with the Urartu
  • (512BC) Armenia annexed to Persia by Darius I; Urartu officially called Armenia for the first time in the Behistun inscription
  • (331BC) Alexander the Great attacked Persia, defeated Darius III, did not conquer Armenia; Armenia regained its independence from Persia
  • (322BC) King Yervand I founded the Armenian Orontid Kingdom
  • (190BC) Artaxias I reclaimed Armenian sovereignty from the Seleucides; established Artaxiad Dynasty
  • (94-56BC) Tigranes (Dikran) the Great, a scion of the Eastern Dynasty, ruled, welded two Armenian satrapies into one strong kingdom
  • (55BC) Death of Tigranes the Great
  • (55-34BC) Reign of Artavasdes
1AD – 1000AD
  • (1AD) End of the Artaxiad Dynasty in Armenia
  • (53) Tiridates I reaffirmed Armenian independence; founded the Arshakuni Dynasty
  • (286-336) King Trdat III ruled Armenia
  • (301) Armenia was first official Christian state in the world; King Trdat III proclaimed Christianity official state religion
  • (387) Armenia divided into western and eastern parts; eastern Armenia kept its independence
  • (405) Armenian alphabet invented
  • (428) End of the Arshakuni Dynasty
  • (451) Battle of Avarayr, led by Vartan Mamikonian, secured the Christian religion in Armenia
  • (895) Tatev Monastery built near the village of Tatev, Armenia
  • (961) King Ashot III transferred the capital from Kars to Ani
1100 - 1900
  • (1198) Group of Armenian nobles and followers settled in Byzantine Cilicia, established a state known as Lesser or Little Armenia
  • (1520) Selim I conquered large portion of Armenia
  • (1828) Russian regular army and many Armenian fighters liberated eastern Armenia
  • (1915 - 1917) Hundreds of thousands of Armenians were massacred or deported to Syria, as Ottoman government suspected them of pro-Russian sympathies
  • (1916) Russian army conquered Armenian regions of Ottoman Empire
1900s continued
  • (1918) Soviet Union ceded all of Ottoman Empire and part of Russian Armenia to the now defunct Ottoman Empire
  • (1918) Armenia emerged independent after the defeat of Ottoman Empire in World War I
  • (1920) Turkey and Bolshevik Russia invaded Armenia; in agreement with Bolsheviks, Armenia proclaimed itself a socialist republic
  • (1922) Armenia incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR
  • (1930s) Armenians suffered under Stalin rule
  • (1988) Armenians campaigned for Nagorno-Karabakh to be united with Armenia
  • (1988) Earthquake in northern Armenia killed 25,000, left hundreds of thousands homeless
  • (1990) Armenian nationalist won parliamentary elections
  • (1990) Armenia declared independence
  • (1991) Armenia involved in a territorial dispute with Azerbaijan over the Nagorny-Karabakh region
  • (1991) Levon Ter-Petrosian elected president
  • (1991) Armenia joined the Commonwealth of Independent States, the successor to the Soviet Union
  • (1991) Armenia recognized as independent by the U.S.
  • (1992) Armenia joined the United Nations; trade and energy embargo imposed by Azerbaijan
  • (1994) Russian-brokered cease fire ended the Nagorno-Karabakh fighting; the region was left a self-proclaimed republic, Armenian forces controlled the Azerbaijani territory surrounding Karabakh

    1900s continued

    • (1995) Government launched privatization and price liberalization programs
    • (1995) Ruling party returned following Parliamentary elections, presidential powers were broadened
    • (1996) Ter-Petrosian re-elected president; protests over alleged electoral fraud took place
    • (1998) Ter-Petrosian resigned after opposition to efforts to seek a compromise with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh; Nationalist Robert Kocharian elected president
    • (1999) Gunmen opened fire in the Armenian parliament killing prime minister, parliamentary speaker and six other officials; gunmen accused the government of leading Armenia into political and economic ruin
    2000s
    • (2001) Armenia became full member of Council of Europe
    • (2001) Vladimir Putin first Russian president to visit Armenia since independence
    • (2003) President Robert Kocharian won Armenia's presidential runoff
    • (2003) Armenians went to the polls to select a parliament
    • (2003) Death penalty abolished
    • (2003) Six sentenced to life imprisonment for their roles in 1999 parliament shootings
    • (2004) Thousands of opposition supporters marched against president
    • (2004) Parliament voted to send 46 non-combat troops to Iraq
    • (2005) Armenia said Azerbaijan stockpiled more arms than permitted by treaty
    • (2005) Referendum voted in favor of proposed constitutional amendments; opposition protested, declared the vote rigged
    • (2006) Gas supply to Armenia disrupted following explosions in Russia damaged pipeline through Georgia
    • (2007) Parliament adopted bill allowing dual citizenship, paved the way for naturalization of Armenia's massive foreign migration estimated at eight million
    • (2007) Prime Minister Andranik Markarian died suddenly of heart attack, replaced by Serzh Sarkisian
    • (2007) Supporters of resolution in U.S. Congress to label mass killings of Armenians after 1915 as genocide was postponed
    • (2008) Armenians voted for a new president; Prime Minister Serzh Sarkisian (Sargsyan) declared winner; thousands of opposition supporters protested the results
    • (2008) State of emergency declared due to protests
    • (2008) Parliament passed law restricting public gatherings
    • (2008) Turkish President Abdullah Gul visited Armenia - first visit by a Turkish leader
    • (2008) Armenia won its second straight gold medal at the Chess Olympiad in Germany, defeated China in the final round
    2000s continued
    • (2009) Turkish and Armenian foreign ministers issued a joint statement that they had "achieved tangible progress and mutual understanding"
    • (2009) Governments of Turkey and Armenia agreed to normalize relations at a meeting in Switzerland, created opportunities to establish diplomatic ties and reopen the mutual border
    • (2010) U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee passed resolution which described the killing of Armenians by Turkish forces in World War I as genocide, prompted Ankara to recall its ambassador
    • (2010) Parliament suspended ratification of accord normalizing relations with Turkey after Yerevan accused Ankara of imposing conditions, especially its insistence that Armenia's dispute with Azerbaijan be resolved
    • (2010) Azerbaijan and Armenia agreed to exchange prisoners captured during Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
    • (2011) Prime Minister Serge Sarkisian announced Armenia was ready to establish diplomatic relations with Turkey without any preconditions
    • (2011) Ongoing protests demanded President Serzh Sargsyan release political prisoners, prosecute the responsible parties for the death of opposition activists of the 2008 presidential election
    • (2011) French President Nicolas Sarkozy urged Turkey to accept responsibility for the genocide of more than one million Armenians during the collapse of the Ottoman Empire during his visit to Armenia
    • (2012) Turkey's prime minister said a bill passed by the French Parliament on the mass killing of Armenians under Ottoman rule is "racist"; warned of retaliatory measures
    • (2013) Serzh Sargsyan reelected president

    Latest by WorldAtlas