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Armenia History Timeline

BC
  • (700-600BC) Armenians, an Indo-European people, migrated from the west to mingle with the Urartu
  • (512BC) Armenia annexed to Persia by Darius I; Urartu officially called Armenia for the first time in the Behistun inscription
  • (331BC) Alexander the Great attacked Persia, defeated Darius III, did not conquer Armenia; Armenia regained its independence from Persia
  • (322BC) King Yervand I founded the Armenian Orontid Kingdom
  • (190BC) Artaxias I reclaimed Armenian sovereignty from the Seleucides; established Artaxiad Dynasty
  • (94-56BC) Tigranes (Dikran) the Great, a scion of the Eastern Dynasty, ruled, welded two Armenian satrapies into one strong kingdom
  • (55BC) Death of Tigranes the Great
  • (55-34BC) Reign of Artavasdes
1AD – 1000AD
  • (1AD) End of the Artaxiad Dynasty in Armenia
  • (53) Tiridates I reaffirmed Armenian independence; founded the Arshakuni Dynasty
  • (286-336) King Trdat III ruled Armenia
  • (301) Armenia was first official Christian state in the world; King Trdat III proclaimed Christianity official state religion
  • (387) Armenia divided into western and eastern parts; eastern Armenia kept its independence
  • (405) Armenian alphabet invented
  • (428) End of the Arshakuni Dynasty
  • (451) Battle of Avarayr, led by Vartan Mamikonian, secured the Christian religion in Armenia
  • (895) Tatev Monastery built near the village of Tatev, Armenia
  • (961) King Ashot III transferred the capital from Kars to Ani
1100 - 1900
  • (1198) Group of Armenian nobles and followers settled in Byzantine Cilicia, established a state known as Lesser or Little Armenia
  • (1520) Selim I conquered large portion of Armenia
  • (1828) Russian regular army and many Armenian fighters liberated eastern Armenia
  • (1915 - 1917) Hundreds of thousands of Armenians were massacred or deported to Syria, as Ottoman government suspected them of pro-Russian sympathies
  • (1916) Russian army conquered Armenian regions of Ottoman Empire
1900s continued
  • (1918) Soviet Union ceded all of Ottoman Empire and part of Russian Armenia to the now defunct Ottoman Empire
  • (1918) Armenia emerged independent after the defeat of Ottoman Empire in World War I
  • (1920) Turkey and Bolshevik Russia invaded Armenia; in agreement with Bolsheviks, Armenia proclaimed itself a socialist republic
  • (1922) Armenia incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR
  • (1930s) Armenians suffered under Stalin rule
  • (1988) Armenians campaigned for Nagorno-Karabakh to be united with Armenia
  • (1988) Earthquake in northern Armenia killed 25,000, left hundreds of thousands homeless
  • (1990) Armenian nationalist won parliamentary elections
  • (1990) Armenia declared independence
  • (1991) Armenia involved in a territorial dispute with Azerbaijan over the Nagorny-Karabakh region
  • (1991) Levon Ter-Petrosian elected president
  • (1991) Armenia joined the Commonwealth of Independent States, the successor to the Soviet Union
  • (1991) Armenia recognized as independent by the U.S.
  • (1992) Armenia joined the United Nations; trade and energy embargo imposed by Azerbaijan
  • (1994) Russian-brokered cease fire ended the Nagorno-Karabakh fighting; the region was left a self-proclaimed republic, Armenian forces controlled the Azerbaijani territory surrounding Karabakh

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