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Turkmenistan Geography

Turkmenistan's Information

Flag of Turkmenistan
Land Area 469,930 km2
Water Area 18,170 km2
Total Area 488,100km2 (#52)
Population 5,291,317 (#119)
Population Density 11.26/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic; Authoritarian
GDP (PPP) $94.72 Billion
GDP Per Capita $17,300
Currency Manat (TMT)
More Information Turkmenistan
Largest Cities

Most of Turkmenistan is dominated by the flat Garagum (or Kara Kum) Desert (north to south), a sandy, scrubby, arid expanse of land, with very little agricultural potential.

The Kopetdag Mountain Range covers its south-central border with Iran, where earthquakes are quite common. The Pamir Mountain Range extends across it's far eastern border - where its highest point is located, Gora Ayribaba which peaks at 10,298 ft. (3,139 m).

Along the Caspian Sea and the shorelines of Sarykamish Lake, land elevations below sea level stretch inland for many miles.

The country's most significant river is the Amu Darya, which flows across and along its border with Uzbekistan.

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Turkmenistan Trivia

What is the biggest city in Turkmenistan?

Ashgabat city is the largest city in Turkmenistan with a population of around 880,000 people.

The Biggest Cities In Turkmenistan

Which Languages are Spoken in Turkmenistan?

Turkmen is the official language of Turkmenistan.

What Languages Are Spoken In Turkmenistan?

What is the Door to Hell?

The Door to Hell refers to a surreal feature on the barren landscape of the Karakum Desert in Turkmenistan. The feature is a gaping crater on the surface of the land that was created by a mining miscalculation in a natural gas field.

The Darvaza Gas Crater: the Door to Hell

Which Is The Most Popular Religion In Turkmenistan?

Islam is the religion of the majority in Turkmenistan. 89% of the country’s population adhere to this religion. Christianity is the next largest religion with 10% of the population affiliated to this religion.

Religion In Turkmenistan

What is the Capital of Turkmenistan?

Ashgabat is the capital city of Turkmenistan. It is located in Central Asia bordering the Caspian Sea and is primarily covered by the Karakum Desert.

What Is The Capital Of Turkmenistan?

What is the Culture of Turkmenistan Like?

Turkmenistan is a country located in Central Asia, formerly known as Turkmenia. The capital city is Ashgabat, and even though the official language in the state is Turkmen, Russian is spoken by a majority of the population living in the urban areas. The state has a total area of about 189,660 square miles, and the population was estimated at 5,662,544 in 2016. In 1995, Turkmenistan was declared a neutral state. The Turkmen people have been nomads and horsemen since ancient times.

The Culture Of Turkmenistan

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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