Uzbekistan is a Central Asian country with its national capital being Tashkent, which is also Uzbekistan's largest city. The country is a unitary semi-presidential state led by a president and a prime minister. Uzbek is the official national language while Russian is the de facto language used by most people. The Uzbeks are the majority among the country’s ethnic groups, comprising 81.1% of the total population. Others peoples there include Russians (5.4%), Tajik (4%), and Kaza (3%). In this article, we will look at some of the tallest mountains in Uzbekistan.
Khazret Sultan is the tallest mountain in the country, attaining an elevation of 15,233 feet. It is located in Surkhandarya Province on the country’s border with Tajikistan. The cap of the mountain is covered by a thin strip of snow. The nearest airport is Dushanbe and the best time to visit for hiking is during the months of July, August, and September. The quickest access to the peak of the mountain is via the Dushanbe airports located in Tajikistan and then go through the Varzob Gorge.
Adelung Mountain is the highest peak of the Pskem Mountain ranges with an elevation of 12,902 feet above mean sea level. The ranges were as a result of tectonic earth power which formed folds, which later grew into great ranges of mountains. The first ascent of the mountain is not documented. There are several consultancy firms which have specialized in helping tourists to climb Adelung.
This mountain of Beshtor is located in the extreme northeastern regions of Uzbekistan. It forms the border between the country and Kyrgyzstan, and has an elevation of 12,896 feet above mean sea level. Adelung Mountain is found in the same range.
Chimgan is part of the Chatkal Mountains range, and reaches an elevation of 10,856 feet above mean sea level, and has a prominence of 5,541 feet. It is asserted that first ascent took place in 1909 although it is not officially recorded. It is located in inside the Ugam-Chatkal National Park in Tashkent Province. The climate conditions in the mountains fluctuate on a daily and seasonal basis. During the day, the temperatures are warm but the nights are cold. The winter experiences heavy snowfall with the snow cover lasting for five months while the frost period lasts for about 120 days. The Greater Chimgan is the most popular mountain for hiking, adventure, skiing, snowboarding, and mountain climbing. There are very many routes of several levels of complexity. The beginners usually use the uncomplicated western ridge. There are other complicated routes for more experienced climbers. There is a railway station only 80 miles from the mountain and visitors may also use buses to access the mountain. There are also helicopter services but are very limited.
Ayrybaba mountain is found along the Uzbekistan-Turkmenistan border, and its highest peak is 10,295 feet above mean sea level. It has a prominence 5,377. Ayrybaba is officially known as the "Mount of the Great Saprmyrat", and is part of the Koytendag mountain range.
Other Notable Mountains in Uzbekistan
Other notable mountains in Uzbekistan include Ungartepa Tog, reaching 6,417 feet in elevation above sea level, Qoratog Tog at 4,429 feet, Qoratumshuq Toglari at 3,763 feet, and Gora Charantayak at 3,461 feet.