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Jordan History Timeline

Jordan's Information

Flag of Jordan
Land Area 88,802 km2
Water Area 540 km2
Total Area 89,342km2 (#110)
Population 8,185,384 (#96)
Population Density 92.18/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $86.19 Billion
GDP Per Capita $11,100
Currency Dinar (JOD)
Largest Cities
  • (2000-1550BC) Area controlled by several kingdoms, Arabic-speaking Nabataeans created kingdom in southeast
  • (63BC) Pompey conquered the region
100 AD - 1800s
  • (106) Jordan became part of the Roman province of Arabia
  • (333) Jordan destroyed by Alexander the Great on his way to Egypt
  • (363) Earthquake destroyed half the city of Petra
  • (662) Muslim Arabs conquered Jordan, Ummayad empire began control
  • (1037) Seljuk Turks began rule of Jordan
  • (1250) Mamlukes seized control and ruled Egyptian Sultanate
  • (1517) Ottoman Turks conquered Jordan
  • (1880) Lebanon, Palestine and Jordan were part of Syria, still under Ottoman rule
  • (1918) Arab forces attacked city of Deraa
  • (1921) Britain gained control after World War I, over the territory known as Transjordan; Hashemite Abdullah ibn al-Husayni crowned Emir of Transjordan; Amman established as capital
  • (1922) Council of League of Nations recognized Transjordan a state under Britain supervision
  • (1923) Britain recognized Transjordan's independence with Abdullah as leader, subject to mandate
  • (1929) Transjordan held its first elections for legislative council
  • (1931) Iraq and Transjordan signed peace treaty
  • (1946) Transjordan granted full independence from Britain; Abdullah I named King
  • (1947) Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in caves at Qumran by Bedouin
  • (1948) Thousands of Palestinians fled Arab-Israeli fighting to West Bank and Jordan
  • (1948) Jordan annexed the Wet Bank, offered all Palestinians citizenship
  • (1949 - 1950) Name officially changed to Jordan
  • (1949 - 1950) After state of Israel was created, Jordan joined Arab neighbors in fight against the new country; Jordan took control of the West Bank and East Jerusalem
  • (1951) King Abdullah Hussein assassinated by Palestinian gunman
  • (1952) Talal, Abdulla Jussein's son, named King of Jordan
  • (1952) Constitution adopted, King given right to hire and fire unelected prime ministers
  • (1952) King Talal abdicated throne to Prince Hussein due to mental illness
  • (1953) Israeli commando unit, led by Ariel Sharon, raided Jordanian village of Qibya, killed over 70 civilians
  • (1955) Government of Tewfik Abdul Huda resigned
  • (1957) British troops completed withdrawal from Jordan
  • (1957) King Hussein suspended parliament for four years following attempted leftist coup
  • (1958) Arab Federation of Jordan and Iraq dissolved by King Husssein
  • (1958) King Hussein broke off diplomatic relations with United Arab Republic
  • (1963 - 1994) King Hussein held secret meetings with leading Israelis, including prime and foreign ministers
  • (1967) Israel won Six-Day Arab-Israeli War, captured Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem; Palestinian refugees fled to Jordan
  • (1970) Black September - Government forces battled Palestinian fighters, thousands injured, 2,000 killed
  • (1971) Jordanian troops wiped out Palestinian guerrillas, brought 1,500 prisoners to Amman
  • (1971) Iraq and Syria broke off relations with Jordan
  • (1974) King Hussein recognized the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) as sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people
  • (1974) Jordanian women received right to vote
  • (1978) Lisa Halaby, an American-Arab from New York, married King Hussein, became Queen Noor
  • (1986) King Hussein dissolved political association with the PLO, ceased negotiations; ordered main office to shut down
  • (1988) Hussein publicly supported the Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule
  • (1988) Jordan renounced claim on the West Bank, retained role as guardian of Jerusalem's holy places
  • (1988) King Hussein dissolved lower house of Parliament
  • (1989) Economic reforms were enacted, riots over price increases took place in several cities
  • (1990 - 1992) During Gulf War, King Hussein maintained neutrality
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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