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Maps of Israel

Physical Map of Israel showing bordering countries, relief, highest point, Jordan River, Dead Sea, important cities, etc.

Israel is a sovereign nation that covers an area of about 20,770 sq. km in West Asia.

As observed on the physical map of Israel above, despite its small size, the country has a highly varied topography. It can be divided into four distinct physiographic regions. 

The Mediterranean coastal plain: A fertile (and mostly flat) coastal plain fronts the Mediterranean Sea coastline of Israel. It is about 115 miles (185 km) long and is quite narrow. Several sandy beaches dot the coast. 

Hills in central and northern Israel: Here, rolling hills dissect the country, including the central Samarian hills and the mountains and hills of Galilee in the north. Israel's highest point, Mt. Meron, which peaks at 3,963 ft. (1,208m) is located in the northern mountain region. It has been marked on the map by a yellow triangle. These mountains of this region end in an escarpment that overlooks the Great Rift Valley.

The Great Rift Valley: The valley runs south to the Gulf of Aqaba along its southern border with Jordan.

Negev Desert (part of the Sinai Desert) dominates the southern landscape.

The Dead Sea is the lowest point (below sea level) on earth. The River Jordan is the most significant river, forming the natural border between Israel and Jordan.

Lake Tiberias and the Jordan River comprises the main drainage system in Israel. Several other rivers also flow through the country.

Districts of Israel Map

Political Map of Israel displaying 6 districts and the national capital of Jerusalem.

Israel (officially, State of Israel) is divided into 6 administrative districts (mehozot, sing. mehoz). In alphabetical order these districts are: Central, Haifa, Jerusalem, Northern, Southern and Tel Aviv. The districts are further divided into 15 subdistricts (nafot) and a number of smaller subdivisions. 

Located on a plateau in the Judaen Mountains, between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea, is Jerusalem – the capital and largest city of Israel. Jerusalem is regarded as a sacred city by the Christians, Jews and Muslims. Tel Aviv, located in central Israel, is the country’s economic and technological center. 

Where is Israel?

Map showing location of Israel in the world.

Israel is a Middle East country, situated in Western Asia. It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Israel is bordered by Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan in the east, Egypt in the southwest; the Palestinian territories (West Bank and Gaza Strip) in the east and west. Israel is situated on the South eastern coasts of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern coasts of the Red Sea.

Israel Bordering Countries: Egypt, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria.

Regional Maps: Map of Asia

Outline Map of Israel

Blank Outline Map of Israel

The blank outline map above represents Israel, a West Asian country. The image can be downloaded, printed, and used for coloring or educational purpose like map-pointing activities.

Outline Map of Israel

The outline map is of Israel, a country in the Middle East known for being a Jewish majority nation.

Key Facts

Legal Name State of Israel
Capital City Jerusalem; note - the US recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital in December 2017 without taking a position on the specific boundaries of Israeli sovereignty
31 46 N, 35 14 E
Independence 14 May 1948 (following League of Nations mandate under British administration)


Total Area 21,937.00 km2
Land Area 21,497.00 km2
Water Area 440.00 km2
Total Border 1,065.0 km
Coastline 273.0 km
Bordering Countries Egypt 206 km, Gaza Strip 59 km, Jordan 336 km (20 km are within the Dead Sea), Lebanon 107 km, Syria 79 km, West Bank 278 km
Climate Temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas
Coordinates 31 30 N, 34 45 E
Mean Elevation 508 m
Lowest Elevation -431 m
Dead Sea
Highest Elevation 2,236 m
Mitspe Shlagim 2,224 m; note - this is the highest named point, the actual highest point is an unnamed dome slightly to the west of Mitspe Shlagim at


Population 9,053,300
Major Cities
  1. Tel Aviv-Yafo (Tel Aviv-Jaffa) (4,181,480)
  2. Hefa (Haifa) (1,147,431)
  3. Jerusalem (931,756)
  4. Be'er Sheva (637,539)
Ethnic Groups Jewish 74.4% (of which Israel-born 76.9%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 15.9%, Africa-born 4.6%, Asia-born 2.6%), Arab 20.9%, other 4.7% (2018 est.)
Languages Hebrew (official), Arabic (special status under Israeli law), English (most commonly used foreign language)
Religions Jewish 74.3%, Muslim 17.8%, Christian 1.9%, Druze 1.6%, other 4.4% (2018 est.)


Currency new Israeli shekels (ILS)
GDP $395.10 Billion
GDP Per Capita $43,641.40
Exports Machinery and equipment, software, cut diamonds, agricultural products, chemicals, textiles and apparel

This page was last updated on October 9, 2020

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