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Zambia's Information

Flag of Zambia
Land Area 743,398 km2
Water Area 9,220 km2
Total Area 752,618km2 (#38)
Population 15,510,711 (#69)
Population Density 20.86/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $65.17 Billion
GDP Per Capita $3,900
Currency Kwacha (ZMK)
Largest Cities

More than 100,000 years ago, on the ancient land we now call Zambia, mankind's ancestors (the beginnings of the human race) lived. Economic and cultural activity flourished in this resource rich environment for centuries prior to the European exploitation.Although most of the villages were self-sufficient, long distance trading began to develop during the 11th and 12th centuries, and ultimately larger political units and more complex social structures resulted.

Due to its inland location, Zambia did not have direct contact with non-Africans until its recent history. The Portuguese were the first recorded European visitors, with Manuel Caetano Pereira arriving in 1796 hoping to establish a trade route between the territories of Mozambique and Angola. In 1851 David Livingstone became the first Briton to step foot on Zambian soil as he explored the upper Zambezi River.

In the late 1800's, the country of Zambia was divided into two entities: the British South Africa Company, and North-Eastern Rhodesia controlled North-Western Rhodesia, of which.

In 1911, the two units were merged and formed Northern Rhodesia, and in 1923, the British government took control.

The discovery of enormous copper deposits in 1928 saw an onslaught of immigration from Europeans, and the country quickly became the world's 4th largest producer of copper.

After many years of struggle with the British, independence was achieved in 1964, and the name was officially changed to Zambia.

Zambia faced many challenges during their early years as a new nation, as there were few citizens capable of running the government, and its economy relied heavily on foreign expertise.

By the mid-1970's, the price of copper had declined worldwide and Zambia's economy was devastated.

This page was last updated on July 10, 2020.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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