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Physical Map of Botswana

Physical Map of Botswana with state boundaries. The map also displays the physical features of Botswana including relief, major rivers and lakes, the Okavango Delta, extreme points, desert area, and major cities.
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Botswana is a Southern African country covering an area of 581,730 sq. km. 

The physical map of Botswana illustrates the country's physical characteristics. The country sits on a flat southern African plateau. The Kalahari Desert blankets the country to the center and southwest while in the north, the Okavango Delta provides a thriving oasis, with numerous salt lakes. The Makgadikgadi Pan is located in the middle of the dry savanna and additional landforms include savanna grasslands in the east and a dry scrub along the western border with Namibia

Significant rivers as marked on the map include the Limpopo, Okavango, and Shashe with the Molopo River creating a geographical border between South Africa and Botswana. Botswana's highest point is Tsodilo Hills at 1,489 m; the lowest point is a junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers at 513 m.

    Districts of Botswana Map

    Political Map of Botswana showing its 10 rural and 7 urban districts.
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    Botswana is divided into 17 administrative divisions called districts. It includes 10 rural and 7 urban districts. These districts are further subdivided into sub-districts.

    In alphabetical order, the districts are as follows: Central, Chobe, Francistown, Gaborone, Ghanzi, Jwaneng, Kgalagadi, Kgatleng, Kweneng, Lobatse, North East, North West, Orapa, Selebi-Phikwe, South East, Southern, Sowa Town

    With an area of 142,076 sq. km, Central District is the largest by area and also the most populous one. 

    The capital and largest city of Gaborone is located in the district of the same name.

    Where is Botswana?

    Where is Botswana
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    The Southern African country of Botswana is located in the Southern and Eastern Hemispheres of the world. It is a landlocked country bordered by four countries - Namibia to the north and west, South Africa to the south and southeast, Zimbabwe to the northeast, and it also borders Zambia to the north for only a few hundred meters.

    Botswana Bordering Countries: Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa.

    Regional Maps: Map of Africa

    Outline Map of Botswana

    Outline map of Botswana

    This outline map shows the entire country of Botswana, a landlocked country in Southern Africa surrounded by four countries.

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    Blank outline map of Botswana

    Blank outline map of Botswana, a landlocked Southern African country. Can be used for coloring. Free download and print out for educational, school, or classroom use.

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    Key Facts

    Legal Name Republic of Botswana
    Capital City Gaborone
    24 38 S, 25 54 E
    Independence 30 September 1966 (from the UK)


    Total Area 581,730 km2
    Land Area 566,730 km2
    Water Area 15,000 km2
    Total Border 4,347 km
    Coastline 0 km
    Bordering Countries Namibia 1544 km, South Africa 1969 km, Zambia 0.15 km, Zimbabwe 834 km
    Climate Semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
    Coordinates 22 00 S, 24 00 E
    Mean Elevation 1,013 m
    Lowest Elevation 513 m
    junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers
    Highest Elevation 1,489 m
    Tsodilo Hills


    Population 2,303,697
    Ethnic Groups Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%
    Languages Setswana 77.3%, Sekalanga 7.4%, Shekgalagadi 3.4%, English (official) 2.8%, Zezuru/Shona 2%, Sesarwa 1.7%, Sembukushu 1.6%, Ndebele 1%, other 2.8% (2011 est.)
    Religions Christian 79.1%, Badimo 4.1%, other 1.4% (includes Baha'i, Hindu, Muslim, Rastafarian), none 15.2%, unspecified 0.3% (2011 est.)


    Currency pulas (BWP)
    GDP $18.34 Billion
    GDP Per Capita $7,961.34
    Exports Diamonds, copper, nickel, soda ash, beef, textiles

    This page was last updated on September 14, 2020

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