Namibia's extent can be divided into three topographic zones from west to east. The coastal Namib Desert runs along the country's coast on the Atlantic Ocean. It gives way to the Central Plateau to the west with the Kalahari Desert located further inwards.
The Namib Desert is both rocky and sandy. It has an average width of around 50 to 80 miles. The elevation of the Central Plateau varies from 975 to 1,980 m. Most of the country's farmlands are confined to this region. Large parts of the plateau are covered by savanna, scrub, and woodlands. To the north, the plateau gives way to several river valleys like Kunene and Okavango. The Orange River Valley lies to the south of this plateau. The 2,573 m tall Mount Brand, Namibia's highest mountain, is located on the western edge of the plateau.
Swakop, Kuiseb, and Fish are some of the major rivers of the country.
The Skeleton Coast of Namibia, as shown on the map, is infamous for its dense fogs that results in numerous shipwrecks in the region.
The lowest point in the country is the Atlantic Ocean at 0 m or sea level.
Namibia is divided into 14 regions for administrative efficiency. The political map of the country represents these divisions and their capital cities. In alphabetical order, these regions are as follows: Erongo, Hardap, //Karas, Kavango East, Kavango West, Khomas, Kunene, Ohangwena, Omaheke, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, Otjozondjupa, Zambezi; note - the Karas Region was renamed //Karas in September 2013 to include the alveolar lateral click of the Khoekhoegowab language.
With an area of 161,514sq. km, the //Karas Region is the largest by area in the country while the Khomas Region is the most populous one. Windhoek, Namibia's capital and largest city is located in the Khomas Region.
Namibia is a Southern African country located on the southwestern coast of the continent in the Southern and Eastern Hemispheres of Earth. It shares its land borders with four African countries. It is bounded by Zambia and Angola to the north, South Africa to the east and south, and Botswana to the east. A small stretch of the Zambezi River (less than 200 m) separates Namibia from Zimbabwe. The Atlantic Ocean borders it to the west.
Regional Maps: Map of Africa
|Legal Name||Republic of Namibia|
|22 34 S, 17 05 E|
|Independence||21 March 1990 (from South African mandate)|
|Total Area||824,292 km2|
|Land Area||823,290 km2|
|Water Area||1,002 km2|
|Total Border||4,220 km|
|Bordering Countries||Angola 1427 km, Botswana 1544 km, South Africa 1005 km, Zambia 244 km|
|Climate||Desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic|
|Coordinates||22 00 S, 17 00 E|
|Mean Elevation||1,141 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,573 m|
|Konigstein on Brandberg|
|Ethnic Groups||Ovambo 50%, Kavangos 9%, Herero 7%, Damara 7%, European and African ancestry 6.5%, European 6%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, San 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana .5%|
|Languages||Oshiwambo languages 49.7%, Nama/Damara 11%, Kavango languages 10.4%, Afrikaans 9.4% (common language of most of the population), Herero languages 9.2%, Zambezi languages 4.9%, English (official) 2.3%, other African languages 1.5%, other European languages .7%, other 1% (2016 est.)|
|Religions||Christian 80% to 90% (at least 50% Lutheran), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%|
|Currency||Namibian dollars (NAD)|
|GDP Per Capita||$4,957.46|
|Exports||Diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium; cattle, white fish and mollusks|
This page was last updated on September 14, 2020