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Nigeria's Information

Flag of Nigeria
Land Area 910,768 km2
Water Area 13,000 km2
Total Area 923,768km2 (#31)
Population 186,053,386 (#7)
Population Density 204.28/km2
Government Type Federal Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $1,090.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $5,900
Currency Naira (NGN)
More Information Nigeria
Largest Cities

Located in Western Africa, the Federal Republic of Nigeria (named for the Niger River) is the most populous country of Africa. People began settling the region as far back as 9000 BC, but it wasn't until the 9th century that the country began to flourish under the ruling of the Kanem-Bornu Empire.

Hausa states developed during the 11th century, and, along with the Kanem-Bornu Empire, prospered as a trading post between northern and western Africa.

In the 16th century, the first European explorers from Spain and Portugal arrived, and quickly established trade connections.

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria grew through the 19th, however the country remained divided into northern and southern provinces. In the south, the economy and education expanded more quickly than the north.

A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy, and in 1960 the country gained complete independence.

From the beginning, ethnic and religious tension intensified between the already unbalanced north and south. Several military coups followed sparking increased violence, and consequently leading to the Nigerian Civil War in 1967.

Millions had lost their lives - most from hunger and disease - as the war came to an end in 1970, and although reconstruction was quick the previous tensions still remained.

Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999 with the election of Olusegun Obasanjoas as the new president and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed.

Obasanjo was faced with the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues had been spent through corruption and mismanagement and the institutionalizing of democracy. In addition, the Obasanjo administration had to diffuse long-standing ethnic and religious tensions, in order to build a sound foundation for economic growth and political stability.

Umaru Yar'Adua, of the People's Democratic Party, was elected President during the general election of 2007. The international communities condemned the election as being largely flawed.

On May 5, 2010, Adua passed away, and Dr. Goodluck Jonathan was sworn in as Nigeria's newest president.

Nigeria's economy is one of the fastest growing in the world and is the second largest in Africa. Nigeria has the highest population of all African countries and is the eighth most populous in the world with a population of 590,400.

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Nigeria Trivia

What are the Biggest Ethnic Groups in Nigeria?

The Hausa is the biggest ethnic group in Nigeria, making up 25.1% of the population.

Largest Ethnic Groups In Nigeria

Who Was the First President of Nigeria?

Azikiwe was the first President of Nigeria after the country became a fully independent republic and Nigeria cut ties with Britain.

Presidents And Military Leaders Of Nigeria Since Independence

What Language is Spoken in Nigeria?

Nigeria is a multilingual nation with over 520 languages being spoken in the country. English is the official language.

What Languages Are Spoken In Nigeria?

What is the Longest River in Nigeria?

The Niger River is the longest river in Nigeria. It stretches for 2,597 miles and is shared with Guinea, Mali, Niger, and Benin.

The Longest Rivers In Nigeria

What is the Major Religion in Nigeria?

42.5% of the population of Nigeria is Sunni Islam, 32.3% of the population of Nigeria is Protestant Christianity, and 10.9% of the population practices Roman Catholicism.

Religious Beliefs In Nigeria

What is the Biggest City in Nigeria?

Lagos, with its 21 million metro area residents, is one of the earth's most populous urban areas and the largest city in Nigeria.

Biggest Cities In Nigeria

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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