Nigeria in West Africa is a federal republic nation bordering the countries of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. The southern coastal part of the country lies in the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The country constitutes 36 states and the capital city, Abuja, is located in the Federal Capital Territory. Abuja was built in the 1980’s, and on December 12, 1991, it replaced the most populous city of Lagos as the capital city.
Geography Of The Capital Of Nigeria
The city of Abuja falls under the Koppen climate region that experiences tropical dry and wet climate. Abuja city and the whole of the Federal Capital Territory (FTC) receives three categories of weather conditions annually, which include sweltering dry, humid rainy, and warm seasons. The harmattan weather is experienced each year briefly, and it is characterized by dust and dryness. The seasons associated with rain starts from April and comes to an end in October, and during this time the temperatures during the day reach as high as 28 degree C to 30 degree C. During the night, the temperatures reach as low as 22 degree C to 23 degree C. During the dry season, the daytime temperatures as high as 40 degree C and during nighttime may reach as low as 12 degree C. The FCT region lies on the Jos Plateau on the windward side and is within the region of rising air masses resulting in frequent precipitation from April through to October.
There are some important natural and human-made landmarks in Abuja, for instance, the Aso Rock, which is a large monolith, formed a result of water erosion. Some of the important government institutions are situated here and they are The Supreme Court, The Presidential Complex, and the National Assembly.
Population Of The Capital City Of Nigeria
Population in Abuja city was estimated to be 1,235,880, as of 2011. The population density was approximately 1,800 people per square meter. These figures make Abuja one of the ten most densely populated cities in Nigeria. In recent years, the city has experienced a tremendous population growth as well.
Economic And Developmental Growth In Nigeria's Capital City
United Nations reported that a population growth of 139.7% was recorded between the years 2000 and 2010. This growth was remarkable as it made Abuja as the world’s fastest-growing city. This city was said to have had a sustained growth of not less than 35% annually until 2015. This growth makes the city the fastest growing city in Africa and the world at large. A large number of immigrants into the city has led to the emergence of other towns on the outskirts of the city. Some of these towns include Karu Urban Area, Suleja, Gwagwalada, Kuje among others. The city of Abuja hosts the regional headquarters of OPEC and headquarters of the regional organization, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Some multinational corporations’ offices are located in the Central Zone of Abuja which is the Central Business District. There is the Garki District which is the main business area. It hosts such facilities as Abuja International Conference Centre and Old Federal Secretariat Complex Buildings among others.
Education In Abuja
Abuja city hosts some academic institutions which range from universities to International schools. Some of these institutions include the Africa Institute of Science and Technology, University of Abuja, Baze University, National Open University of Nigeria, Whiteplains British School, Nile University, Nigerian –Turkish School, and American International School of Abuja, among others.
Transport System In Abuja
The Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport mainly serves the capital city of Nigeria and the surrounding areas. The airport has been named after the first president of Nigeria. The airport serves both local and international destinations. The planned standard gauge railway of Lagos-Kano passes through Abuja.