1. World Map /
  2. Africa/
  3. Mauritania/
  4. Mauritania Timeline

Mauritania History Timeline

Mauritania's Information

Flag of Mauritania
Land Area 1,030,700 km2
Total Area 1,030,700km2 (#28)
Population 3,677,293 (#131)
Population Density 3.57/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $16.71 Billion
GDP Per Capita $4,400
Currency Ouguiya (MRO)
Largest Cities
300 BC - 1800s
  • (300 BC) Berber and Arab migrants settled the region of present-day Mauritania
  • (800s AD) The Empire of Ghana established its capital in present-day Mauritania
  • (1076) Berber warriors defeated the Empire of Ghana and claimed the region for themselves
  • (1644) The Mauritanian Thirty-Year War against the Berbers and Arab warriors occurred
  • (1850s) France gained control of the southern portion of Mauritania

1900s
  • (1904) Mauritania was established as a French colonial territory
  • (1920) The region was integrated into French West Africa
  • (1946) Mauritania became a French overseas territory
  • (1960) Mauritania gained independence; territorial claims are made for the neighboring Spanish Sahara
  • (1973) Mauritania joined the Arab League
  • (1976) Spanish Sahara was divided up between Morocco and Mauritania
  • (1978) President Daddah was deposed of in a military coup prompted by struggles against Polisario guerrillas and the subsequent financial strain
  • (1979) A peace agreement was signed with the Polisarios; Mauritania's share of Western Sahara was renounced
  • (1981) Ties with Morocco were severed following an attempted coup with alleged Moroccan involvement
  • (1984) Col. Maaouiya Ould Sid Ahmed Taya rose to power
  • (1989) Race riots were sparked following a border dispute with Senegal
  • (1992) Taya was elected president
  • (1997) Taya was re-elected

2000s
  • (2001) Moroccan King Mohammad visited Mauritania in spite of the often-strained relations between the two countries
  • (2002) An opposition party campaigning for greater rights for blacks and descendants of slaves, Action for Change, was banned
  • (2003) Rebel soldiers attempted a coup against President Taya; Taya was re-elected president with 67% of the vote
  • (2005) Troops seized government buildings and announced the overthrow of President Taya after he left the country on business
  • (2006) Offshore oil production began
  • (2006) Voters approved constitutional changes limiting the president to two 5-year terms
  • (2007) Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi was elected president
  • (2008) The Dakar Rally was canceled after four French tourists were killed by attackers linked to al-Qaeda
  • (2008) President Abdallahi was overthrown in a military coup and a state council was formed to run the country
  • (2008) Twelve soldiers were killed in an ambush claimed by al-Qaeda
  • (2009) Gen. Mohamed Ould Abdelaziz was elected president
  • (2009) The French embassy in Nouakchott was attacked by suicide bombers working for al-Qaeda; two Italians and three Spanish workers were kidnapped by al-Qaeda operatives
  • (2010) A new anti-terrorism law was adopted granting security forces more power to fight al-Qaeda
  • (2011) Widespread protests and rallies occurred in response to the state of the country's political system
  • (2012) Abolitionist leader Biram Ould Abeid was detained after the public burning of religious texts condoning slavery sparked a widespread controversy
  • (2014) President Abdelaziz was re-elected
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Mauritania Trivia

Which Countries Have a Theocratic Government?

Some of the countries with a theocratic government include Yemen, Vatican City, Sudan, and Mauritania.

7 Countries With A Theocratic Government Today

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries of Africa