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Malawi History Timeline

Malawi's Information

Flag of Malawi
Land Area 94,080 km2
Water Area 24,404 km2
Total Area 118,484km2 (#98)
Population 18,570,321 (#61)
Population Density 197.39/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $21.20 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,100
Currency Kwacha (MWK)
Largest Cities
1500s AD - 1800s
  • (1500s) Various tribes emerged and established the Kingdom of Maravi
  • (1600s) Alliances with Portuguese traders were formed
  • (1780) Slave trade led by East Coast Arabs massively increased
  • (1859) David Livingstone reached Lake Malawi and identified an area south of the lake as an area suitable for European settlement
  • (1878) A mission company from Scotland, owned by Livingstone, developed a river route into Central Africa to enable trade
  • (1891) The Nyasaland and District Protectorate were established by Britain
  • (1893) Malawi was merged into the British Central African Protectorate

  • (1907) The British Central African Protectorate was officially named Nyasaland
  • (1915) A violent revolt against British ruling was carried out and led by John Chilembwe
  • (1944) The Nyasaland African Congress was established
  • (1953) Britain combined Nyasaland with the Federation of Northern and Southern Rhodesia (now Zambia and Zimbabwe)
  • (1959) The Nyasaland African Congress was banned following violent clashes with nationalists and colonial authorities; the Malawi Congress Party was founded
  • (1963) Nyasaland was granted self-governance with Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda as prime minister
  • (1964) Nyasaland declared independence as Malawi
  • (1966) Banda was named president of the Republic of Malawi and the constitution established a one-party state
  • (1971) Banda declared himself president-for-life
  • (1992) Demonstrations were sparked when Catholic bishops publicly condemned Banda
  • (1993) The one-party state was rejected by voters in a referendum
  • (1994) Bakili Muluzi, leader of the United Democratic Front, was elected president
  • (1997) Banda died in a South African hospital while being treated for pneumonia
  • (1999) President Muluzi was re-elected

  • (2002) Drought caused widespread crop failure across southern Africa; a railway line linking central Malawi and the Mozambican port of Nacala was reopened after nearly 20 years
  • (2004) Bingu wa Mutharika was elected president
  • (2005) Mutharika resigned from the UDF and formed the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP)
  • (2005) Regional drought conditions affected nearly 5 million people
  • (2007) A crop surplus is experienced prompting Malawi to export 400,000 tons of maize to Zimbabwe
  • (2008) Diplomatic relations with Taiwan were ended with sights shifting to China
  • (2009) Mutharika was re-elected
  • (2010) A gay couple was jailed for violating anti-homosexuality laws, sparking international condemnation - the couple was released and given a presidential pardon
  • (2011) Anti-government protests left 19 dead; British aid to Malawi was halted after the government was accused of mishandling the economy and failing to uphold human rights
  • (2012) President Mutharika died and was succeeded by vice-president Joyce Banda; the kwacha currency was devalued by a third to satisfy the International Monetary Fund requirements to restore funding
  • (2012) A border dispute with Tanzania over Lake Malawi's potential oil and gas reserves was intervened by the African Union
  • (2012) Criminalization laws regarding homosexual relationships were suspended pending a decision to overturn the ban
  • (2013) Allegations of widespread corruption prompted President Banda to sack the cabinet
  • (2014) Peter Mutharika elected president
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Malawi Trivia

What are the religious beliefs in Malawi?

44% of the entire population in Malawi are Christian Protestants, 19% of the country’s population adhere to Sunni Islam, and 18% of Malawi population are Roman Catholics.

Religious Beliefs In Malawi

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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