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Angola History Timeline

Angola's Information

Flag of Angola
Land Area 1,246,700 km2
Total Area 1,246,700km2 (#22)
Population 25,789,024 (#50)
Population Density 20.69/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $189.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $6,800
Currency Kwanza (AOA)
More Information Angola
Largest Cities
200s BC - 1600 AD
  • (200sBC) Bantu-speaking people migrated into the region
  • (1483 AD) Portugal developed small trading post at port of Mpinda, in Soyo
  • (1575) Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias de Novais founded Luanda
  • (1580 - 1680) Angola became major Portuguese trading center for slaves - over one million were shipped to Brazil
  • (1641 - 1648) During Portuguese Restoration War, Dutch occupied Luanda
  • (1648) Portuguese retook Luanda
  • (1671) Portuguese took control of Kingdom of Ndongo
  • (1836) Portuguese abolished slave trade
  • (1844) Angola opened ports to foreign shipping
  • (1885 - 1930) Portuguese extended control into the interior
  • (1891) Angola's borders fixed by Berlin Congress
  • (1891) Forced labor introduced by the Portuguese
  • (1921) Angola's present day borders established
  • (1945) Emigration from Portugal to Angola increased following end of World War II
  • (1951) Angola's status changed from colony to overseas province
  • (1956) Guerrilla independence movement began to end colonial rule
  • (1961) Fighting broke out as three anti-colonial guerrilla movements battled for independence
  • (1961) Revolts on coffee plantations left 50,000 dead; forced labor abolished
  • (1974) Military coup in Portugal opened way to independence in Angola in 1975
  • (1975) Transitional government formed by the three nationalist movements: MPLA, FNLA, UNITA
  • (1975) Conflict and civil war broke out between three nationalist movements; MPLA received support from Cuba; UNITA received support from South Africa
  • (1975) MPLA proclaimed People's Republic of Angola; named Agostinho Neto president
  • (1975 - 1988) During Civil War, over 350,000 Angolans died
  • (1976) MPLA crushed FNLA, repelled UNITA
  • (1979) MPLA leader, Agostinho Neto died, Jose Eduardo dos Santos took over
  • (1981) South African forces supported UNITA
  • (1984) USA supplied UNITA with military aid
  • (1988) South Africa, Cuba signed agreement stopping aid to UNITA and MPLA
  • (1989) MPLA and UNITA agreed to ceasefire
  • (1989) Ceasefire agreement crumbled, guerrilla war began again
  • (1991) MPLA dropped Marxism-Leninism, adopted a social democracy
  • (1991) Peace deal signed resulting in new multi-party constitution
  • (1991) Cuban forces left Angola
  • (1992) In elections, MPLA leader Dos Santo, won most votes; UNITA rejected results
  • (1992) Guerrilla war began again
  • (1993) UN held peace talks in Zambia as fighting continued
  • (1994) Lusaka Protocol peace accord signed by UNITA and government; UNITA to disband army, hand control of nearly half the country to the government; UNITA's Svimbi given key post in military and Cabinet
  • (1995) Dos Santos and Savimbi met, confirmed commitment to peace
  • (1995) UN sent 7,000 peacekeepers
  • (1996) Dos Santos and Savimbi agreed to form unity government and combine forces into national army
  • (1997) Government of National Unity inaugurated; Savimbi declined posts, failed to attend ceremony
  • (1998) Civil war started again, thousands killed in fighting during next four years
  • (1999) UN ended peacekeeping mission
  • (2001) Train carrying hundreds of refugees and soldiers in northwestern Angola, hit mine, derailed; refugees were machined-gunned, over 250 were killed
  • (2002) UNITA leader, Jonas Savimbi, killed in battle by government troops; UNITA Vice President Antonio Dembo took over
  • (2002) Antonio Dembo died 12 days in office; Paulo Lukamba became UNITA leader
  • (2002) UNITA and government signed ceasefire agreement
  • (2002) UNITA declared itself a political party; officially demobilized its armed forces
  • (2003) Isaias Samakuva elected head of UNITA
  • (2004) Angola became major oil-producer, extracting over one million barrels a day
  • (2004) Government expelled over 300,000 illegal diamond miners, dealers
  • (2005) Marburg virus killed over 300
  • (2005) Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao visited, offered more then $2 billion in new credit
  • (2006) Government signed peace agreement with separatist group in province of Cabinda
  • (2006) UN refugee agency began the final repatriation for Angolans who had fled to DRC (Democratic Republic of the Congo) during civil war
  • (2006) Cholera outbreak killed more than 1,600
  • (2008) First parliamentary elections in 16 years held
  • (2008) UNITA party suffered major defeat in elections, MPLA, in power for over three decades, won nearly 82% of votes
  • (2008) Angola and Nigeria tied as biggest oil producers in Africa
  • (2008) Luanda became one of the most expensive cities in the world
  • (2009) Rabies outbreak killed 83 children in Luanda
  • (2009) Angola expelled illegal Congolese diamond miners; DRC retaliated by expelling over 20,000 Angolans
  • (2009) Presidential elections delayed for three years
  • (2010) African Nations Cup held in Angola, bus carrying Togo team attacked by Cabinda separatists, bus driver killed, seven injured
  • (2010) New constitution adopted; presidential elections will no longer be held, president and vice-president will be determined by political party winning parliamentary elections
  • (2012) Separatists in Cabinda attacked convoy carrying Chinese mine workers
  • (2012) In elections, President dos Santos' party won 72% of national vote
  • (2012) 37 Chinese nationals were extradited on charges of extortion, kidnappings, armed robberies, prostitution rings
  • (2013) Ten people were killed, 120 injured at New Year's Eve vigil at overcrowded stadium in Luanda

Angola Trivia

Where is Angola?

Angola is a country located in Southern Africa. The country was a former Portuguese colony but gained self-rule in 1975. After years of civil war, Angola is slowly emerging as a major economic powerhouse in Africa, and has one of the fastest growing economies in the world.

Fun Facts about Angola

What Languages are Spoken in Angola?

Angola is a Southern African nation with a single official language and several national languages. Portuguese, introduced during the colonial era in the country, is spoken widely in the country. It is the official and most spoken language of Angola. Kikongo, Umbundu, and Kimbundu are the most popular indigenous languages of the country.

What Languages Are Spoken In Angola?

What national parks are in Angola?

There are several national parks in Angola including Bicauri National Park, Cameia National Park, and Cangandala National Park.

Angola's Top National Parks

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Angola?

More than one-third of Angolans are Ovimbundu, while around one-fourth are Ambundu. The Bakongo people comprise the third largest Angolan ethnic group.

Largest Ethnic Groups In Angola

What is the Largest Religion in Angola?

60% of the population of Angola identifies with being Roman Catholic, the largest religious group in the country.

Religious Beliefs And Freedoms In Angola

What is the Leading Cause of Death in Angola?

Diarrheal disease is the leading cause of death in Angola, responsible for a total of 12.5% of deaths.

Leading Causes Of Death In Angola

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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