This map shows the physical features of Colombia. The highest elevations, shown in brown, are the Colombian Andes, which is divided into three branches the Cordillera Central, Cordillera Oriental, and Cordillera Occidental. Peaks in the Cordillera Occidental exceed 4,700 m (15,420 ft), and in the Cordillera Central and Cordillera Oriental they reach 5,000 m (16,404 ft). At 2,600 m (8,530 ft) above sea level, Bogotá is one of the highest capitals of the world. The major rivers of the country are the Amazon, the Caquetá, and the Negro.
Colombia is bordered to the northwest by Panama, to the east by Venezuela and Brazil and to the south by Ecuador and Peru. The map includes major cities of colombia such as Bogota, Cali and Medellin.
Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Capital District*, Caquetá, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Guaviare, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, San Andrés y Providencia, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupés, Vichada. *Not a department; capital district.
This map shows the position of Colombia within South America. Bordering countries are Brazil to the south east, Ecuador to the south west, Panama to the north west, Venezuela to the east and Peru to the south. Bordering bodies of water include the Caribbean Sea in the north and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Regional Maps: Map of South America
|Legal Name||Republic of Colombia|
|4 36 N, 74 05 W|
|Independence||20 July 1810 (from Spain)|
|Total Area||1,138,910 km2|
|Land Area||1,038,700 km2|
|Water Area||100,210 km2|
|Total Border||6,672 km|
|Bordering Countries||Brazil 1790 km, Ecuador 708 km, Panama 339 km, Peru 1494 km, Venezuela 2341 km|
|Climate||Tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands|
|Coordinates||4 00 N, 72 00 W|
|Mean Elevation||593 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||5,730 m|
|Pico Cristobal Colon|
|Ethnic Groups||mestizo and white 87.6%, Afro-Colombian (includes mulatto, Raizal, and Palenquero) 6.8%, Amerindian 4.3%, unspecified 1.4% (2018 est.)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 79%, Protestant 14% (includes Pentecostal 6%, mainline Protestant 2%, other 6%), other 2%, unspecified 5% (2014 est.)|
|Currency||Colombian pesos (COP)|
|GDP Per Capita||$6,432.39|
|Exports||Petroleum, coal, emeralds, coffee, nickel, cut flowers, bananas, apparel|
This page was last updated on August 3, 2020