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Maps of Colombia

Physical map of Colombia with Department boundaries. It shows the physical features of Colombia including Colombian Andes, major rivers such as the Amazon, the Caquetá, and the Negro. The map also show major cities in Colombia.

Physical Map of Colombia 

This map shows the physical features of Colombia. The highest elevations, shown in brown, are the Colombian Andes, which is divided into three branches the Cordillera Central, Cordillera Oriental, and Cordillera Occidental. Peaks in the Cordillera Occidental exceed 4,700 m (15,420 ft), and in the Cordillera Central and Cordillera Oriental they reach 5,000 m (16,404 ft). At 2,600 m (8,530 ft) above sea level, Bogotá is one of the highest capitals of the world. The major rivers of the country are the Amazon, the Caquetá, and the Negro. 

Colombia is bordered to the northwest by Panama, to the east by Venezuela and Brazil and to the south by Ecuador and Peru. The map includes major cities of colombia such as Bogota, Cali and Medellin. 

List of Departments of Colombia

Map of Colombian Departments. Political map with Colombian departments labeled

List of Departments:

Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Capital District*, Caquetá, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Guaviare, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, San Andrés y Providencia, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupés, Vichada. *Not a department; capital district. 


Location of Colombia

Map showing location of Colombia in the world.

This map shows the position of Colombia within South America. Bordering countries are Brazil to the south east, Ecuador to the south west, Panama to the north west, Venezuela to the east and Peru to the south. Bordering bodies of water include the Caribbean Sea in the north and the Pacific Ocean to the west. 

Colombia Bordering Countries: Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Panama, Venezuela.

Regional Maps: Map of South America

Outline Map of Colombia

Outline map of Colombia

This map shows the outline of Colombia including the islands of San Andrés y Providencia. 

Key Facts

Legal Name Republic of Colombia
Capital City Bogota
4 36 N, 74 05 W
Independence 20 July 1810 (from Spain)


Total Area 1,138,910.00 km2
Land Area 1,038,700.00 km2
Water Area 100,210.00 km2
Total Border 6,672.0 km
Coastline 3,208.0 km
Bordering Countries Brazil 1790 km, Ecuador 708 km, Panama 339 km, Peru 1494 km, Venezuela 2341 km
Climate Tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands
Coordinates 4 00 N, 72 00 W
Mean Elevation 593 m
Lowest Elevation 0 m
Pacific Ocean
Highest Elevation 5,730 m
Pico Cristobal Colon


Population 50,339,443
Major Cities
  1. Bogotá (10,978,360)
  2. Medellín (4,000,263)
  3. Cali (2,781,980)
  4. Barranquilla (2,272,914)
  5. Bucaramanga (1,331,453)
  6. Cartagena (1,062,622)
  7. Cúcuta (933,380)
  8. Ibagué (586,187)
  9. Pereira (579,620)
  10. Villavicencio (544,115)
Ethnic Groups mestizo and white 87.6%, Afro-Colombian (includes mulatto, Raizal, and Palenquero) 6.8%, Amerindian 4.3%, unspecified 1.4% (2018 est.)
Languages Spanish (official)
Religions Roman Catholic 79%, Protestant 14% (includes Pentecostal 6%, mainline Protestant 2%, other 6%), other 2%, unspecified 5% (2014 est.)


Currency Colombian pesos (COP)
GDP $323.80 Billion
GDP Per Capita $6,432.39
Exports Petroleum, coal, emeralds, coffee, nickel, cut flowers, bananas, apparel

This page was last updated on October 22, 2020

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