Los Angeles, California

Los Angeles, the city of bright lights, celebrities, and incredible nightlife, has become one of the world's most famous cities. Located in the south of California, Los Angeles is one of the country's largest and busiest cities. This city between the mountains and the Pacific Ocean is most known for its cultural diversity, film industry, and vibrant metropolitan area.

Geography Of Los Angeles 

Los Angeles, california
View of the skyline of Los Angeles.

The city of Los Angeles is located in Los Angeles County, south of the state of California, United States. It is known for its moderate climate, pleasant environment, outdoor activities, and unique identity of leisure and fame. Los Angeles is located on a high coastal plain bordered by the Pacific Ocean in the south and the west. The city is bordered by Santa Monica's hills at the north and the San Gabriel Mountains at the east. The region is known for its unique canyons and valleys, making it a climatically varied place.

Almost half of Los Angeles comprises mountain chains that run from east to west and experience several earthquakes, fires, and mudslides. Some other mountains and hills include the San Gabriel, San Bernardino, and the Santa Monica mountains and the Puente, Repetto, and San Jose Hills. To the south stands the infamous Santa Ana Mountains. Other features of the area's geography are the San Fernando, San Gabriel, and San Bernardino valleys. 

The city possesses an attractive coastline and beautiful beaches, which attract millions of tourists all year round. Los Angeles is crossed by three rivers: the northern Santa Clara River, which flows to the west, the San Gabriel River, which flows from the San Gabriel Mountains to the Pacific Ocean; and the Los Angeles River in the south.

Climate Of Los Angeles

Los angeles smog
Thick layer of smog and haze from nearby brush fire obscuring the view of downtown Los Angeles buildings.

The city's weather is best described as subtropical. It is dominated by the warm and moist Pacific air, which cools down the temperature and makes the city comfortable. Summers in Los Angeles are dry and sunny, with the city having, on average, more than 300 days of sunshine each year. On the other hand, winters in the city are mild and relatively rainy. Most of the city's precipitation falls during the winter months, that is, between December and April, making the average precipitation 14.2 inches every year.

Pollution affects the climate of the city greatly. Pollutants usually build up the most in the summer months, from May to October, contributing to heat waves that usually occur at the end of the summer season. Pollution is very concerning, especially in areas that suffer low air movement. The city also experiences what is known as the Santa Ana winds, which is the hot and dry wind that comes from the northeast and blows over the city for several days. They are dusty winds that speed up to 50 miles per hour and can cause floods in canyons and lead to mudslides. This phenomenon usually occurs in the fall and winter months, but it can occur at any time. When the Santa Ana winds blow, temperatures can rise above 86°F in the winter. Those winds also cause heatwaves which occur mostly in September. 

Urban Biodiversity In Los Angeles

One of Los Angeles's most fascinating features is its biodiversity. There is an abundance of native trees like maple, oak, and willow trees. In the spring, California poppies bloom all over the city's north. The native evergreen shrubs and bushes cover the mountains. Countless exotic plants, flowers, and trees have also been introduced to the area, making its flora extremely diverse. In the 19th century, Los Angeles had very diverse wildlife, including black bears, grizzly bears, and mountain lions. Still, today it is only limited to deer, raccoons, and some coyotes. 

Demographics Of Los Angeles

Los Angeles, California
Traffic and pedestrians on Hollywood Boulevard at dusk. Editorial credit: Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

The city's ethnic diversity has shifted drastically with time. Under Spanish rule in 1781, European or white people were a minority, and African Americans and Natives were greater in number. In 1910, after the Mexican Revolution, Los Angeles witnessed an influx of Mexicans.

Los Angeles ranks second according to the population in the US, with around 3.9 million as of 2020. Females account for 50.5%, and males account for 49.5% of the population. The city's median age is 36.5 compared to 38.1 in the United States. In 2019, 25-34 was the largest age group. The second-largest age group was the under 15 age group.  

Los Angeles is very ethnically diverse due to its history and immigrant population. The Hispanic community is the largest in Los Angeles, Making up 45.1% of the population. White people come in next, making up 29.8% of the population. The third-largest community is the Asian community, which makes up 15.7% of the population, followed by the black community, which makes up 6.4%, and other minorities like Native Americans.

42% of Los Angeles's population is married, where 43% of the men compared to 41% of women are married. 9% of the females and 7% of the males are divorced, and 7% of the females and 2% of the males are widowed.

History Of Los Angeles

Los angeles Hollywood
Famous landmark Hollywood Sign in Los Angeles, California. Editorial credit: Maks Ershov / Shutterstock.com

For the longest time, native communities like the Tongva and Chumash Indians existed in the area ad relied on hunting and fishing to survive. European expeditions did not begin in the area until 1542, when the Spanish landed in Santa Monica. In 1781, 44 settlers established a settlement in the place of the Native American village Yang-Na; they called it "The Village of the Queen of the Angels ."It was later changed to Los Angeles. Native American locals suffered deadly diseases introduced by the Spanish.

Spain's colonial control over the state ended in 1822. In 1835 the new Mexican government promoted the area to the status of a city. After the Mexican-American war ended in 1848, California became a US province.

The city has a history of ethnic conflicts and tensions, especially during unstable times like the civil war of 1861. In 1871, those conflicts peaked: mobs killed more than 20 Chinese citizens.

The city was put on the map in the early 1900s with the advancement of transportation using rail networks and tracks. Its development in the 1980s made it a world-class city with a unique horizontal skyline, freeways, tourist attraction sites, education, and industries.

Economy Of Los Angeles

Port of Los Angeles, California
Vincent Thomas Bridge links Port Los Angeles Harbor to Terminal Island in San Pedro California. Editorial credit: Debbie Ann Powell / Shutterstock.com

The city's economy is very diverse. It mainly relies on agriculture and manufacturing; however, it also offers many financial services. It is a hub for all creative activities like fashion, jewelry, music, and, most importantly, film production.

Los Angeles's GDP in 2020 reached $ 880.23 billion. The household median income as of 2020 was $71,358, and its per capita income was $35,685. Although 66.5% of the population contributes to the workfare, 13.2% of Los Angeles's population still lives in poverty.

Los Angeles's most high-paying jobs include physicians, architects, attorneys, university professors, software engineers, and business analysts. 

Attractions In Los Angeles 

Hollywood walk of fame
Stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on Hollywood Blvd in Los Angeles.

Los Angeles is famous for its culturally diverse environment. It is home to many theatres, museums, arenas, studios, and landmarks at every corner. Creative activity has been booming in the city since the 1850s, with theatrical performances constantly taking place. Some of its most interesting features are the outdoor theatres built in the early 1900s and remain to this day. In the 1960s, the city built the Los Angeles Music Center.

The diverse city of Los Angeles is the perfect destination for everyone. A vibrant and diverse culinary scene, incredible shopping, exceptional museums, and family attractions await visitors. One of the most fascinating and iconic places to visit in Los Angeles is Universal Studios in Hollywood. The theme park is perfect for families and couples to enjoy rides in the sun and eat amazing food. A step away from the city is the vibrant Hollywood, well known for its history and sites. The Hollywood Walk of Fame and the Hollywood Boulevard are at the top of the must-visit list for many tourists. Finally, the beautiful and sunny Santa Monica cannot be missed. The beautiful seashore, the iconic Ferris wheel, and the famous pier are the perfect spot for beach lovers.

Over the years, immigrant communities played a vital role in creating this melting pot of cultures that is unique to Los Angeles. This is mostly reflected in the gastronomic diversity that created an identity of its own. It combines classic culinary techniques and ethnic cuisines like Mexican, Salvadoran, Chinese, and Vietnamese cuisines.

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