Denmark is a sovereign country in Northern Europe. The country has a population of 5.75 million residents and occupies an area of 16,570 square miles. Denmark's territory includes the Jutland Peninsula and a collection of 443 islands. Only 76 islands of these 443 Islands are inhabited. The largest island in Denmark is Zealand. Other large islands include North Jutlandic Island, Funen, and Lolland.
Denmark's Largest Islands
Zealand is Denmark’s largest and most populated island. It occupies an area of 2,715 square miles and has a population of 2.3 million people. Denmark’s capital city, Copenhagen, is located on Zealand. The city is home to 1.2 million residents, which is half of Zealand’s population. The island is endowed with rich fertile soil suitable for farming. Primary economic activities on Zealand include dairy farming, tourism, and fishing. Zealand’s northern region has vast forests and excellent sandy beaches along the coast. The area has been a favorite place for royals, and several ancient castles still remain on the island.
2. North Jutlandic Island
North Jutlandic Island is Denmark’s second largest island. It is also Denmark’s northernmost part and is comprised of three main regions: Hanherred, Thy, and Vendsyssel. The island covers an area of 1,809 square miles and is home to more than 296,000 residents. The island has a flat terrain, except for the eastern region, which is slightly hilly. North Jutlandic Island has breathtaking white sandy beaches and is popular with local and international tourists. Visitors can access the island by plane through the Billund Airport or by car through the state border with Germany.
Funen is the third largest island in Denmark. The island is situated in Denmark's southern region, occupies an area of 1,197 square miles, and has a population of more than 466,000 people. The Great Belt Bridge connects Funen to Zealand, Denmark's largest island. Funen is linked to Jutland Island by the Old Little Belt Bridge, as well as the New Little Belt Bridge. Odense is the island's main city. The island has fertile soil that supports farming. Manufacturing and agriculture are the main economic activities on the island.
Lolland is Denmark's fourth largest island. Lolland is fondly referred to as the "Pancake Island" due to its flat terrain. It is located in the lower region of Denmark. The island covers an area of 480 square miles and has a population of approximately 62,000 residents. The island's largest town is Nakskov, which has a population of roughly 13,800 people. During World War II, Lolland was an essential communication route for Nazi Germany. The island is a major producer of sugar and has vast sugar beet farms. Lolland is linked to neighboring Germany by railroad. A tunnel and highway system that runs through Lolland connects Copenhagen (Denmark) to Hamburg (Germany). The island has numerous tourist attractions, such as the Fuglsang Manor, constructed in 1868, and the open air Museum, Middelaldercentret.
Significance of Denmark's Islands
The islands that make up Denmark contribute to the nation's well-being. Some of the islands, such as Funen, are major producers of agricultural products that are important to Denmark's economy. Denmark benefits from the thriving tourism industry on its islands. Most islands boast spectacular sandy beaches, which are popular tourist attractions and contribute to the country's economy.