World Facts

The Largest Countries in North America

Canada is the largest country in North America, closely followed by the United States.

North America is located in the Northern Hemisphere. The subcontinent borders the Caribbean Sea, Arctic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and South America. The total area is 9.5 million square miles, accounting for 4.8% of the total earth surface. North America is ranked third in terms of vastness after Asia and Africa. The continent is home to over 579 million people, making it the fourth-most populous continent in the world. There are 23 independent countries and many other dependent territories. The land surface of North America is dominated by Canada, United States, Greenland, and Mexico.

Largest Countries in North America

Canada is the largest country in North America covering 9,984,670 square kilometers.Located in the extreme northern region of the continent, Canada touches three oceans with the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Arctic Ocean in the north and the Pacific Ocean in the west. It has a population of more than 35 million people. The United States of America is the second-largest country, covering 9,629,091 square kilometers. The population the US as of 2016 is 323.1 million. Washington DC is the Capital city but the largest City is New York. Greenland (Denmark) is the third-largest country in North America and the largest non-continental Island in the world. However, there are few people living there making it the least densely populated country with approximately 60,000 people. Greenland covers a total area of 2,166,086 square kilometers.

Mexico covers a total area of 1,964,375 square kilometers and is located in the southern portion of the continent. With an estimated 123,675,325 million people, Mexico is the most populous country within the Spanish speaking nations. It has 31 States and one special entity which is the most populous city and the administrative capital known as the Mexico city. Nicaragua is the fifth largest country, covering 130,373 square kilometers. Located in Central America between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, the country has 6,167,237 people according to 2012 census. Honduras follows with a total area of 112,492 square kilometers. The country had an estimated population of 9,112,867 as at 2016.

Cuba, which comprises of the Cuba Islands and Isla de la Juventud covers an area of 109 886 square kilometers. There are also other smaller archipelagos. Havana is the capital city as well as the largest City. The Republic of Guatemala in the central part of America covers an area of 108,889 square kilometers. It is the eighth-largest country in North America. Panama, occupies 75,417 square kilometers. The administrative city of Panama is Panama City where almost half of the country’s 4 million people live. Costa Rica is the tenth largest country in North America. Covering a total of 51,100 square kilometers, the Central American nation has a population of almost five million people.

Other Important Facts about North America

Approximately 80% of the total surface of North America is occupied by two countries; Canada and United States. More than 7.5% of the global population dwells in North America. Although Canada is the largest country, the United States has the highest population. Despite Greenland having the fourth largest surface area, its population density is among the least in the continent. This is because about 80% of the country is covered by glacier and ice caps. In fact, a third of the people in Greenland live in the capital city Nuuk while the others live along fjords which have a comparatively mild climate

The Largest Countries in North America

RankCountryArea (Kilometers Squared)
1Canada9,984,670
2United States9,629,091
3Greenland (Denmark)2,166,086
4Mexico1,964,375
5Nicaragua130,373
6Honduras112,492
7Cuba109,886
8Guatemala108,889
9Panama75,417
10Costa Rica51,100

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