World Facts

The 10 Least Populated Countries Of Europe

The Vatican City, San Marino, and Liechtenstein rank as the three least populated European countries.

According to the World Factbook, the European Union hosts a population of over 516 million. Many of the countries host significant populations, such as Germany with over 80 million. Some countries, on the other hand, are known for their minute populations. The following is a list of Europe's 10 least populated countries.

10. Cyprus - 1.2 million

#10 Cyprus - 1.2 million

The most populous Mediterranean island, Cyprus is located in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea. The country is estimated to have a population of 1,221,549 (2017 estimates), making it the 10th least populated country in Europe. The vast majority (98.8%) of the nation’s population is ethnic Greek in origin and identify as Greek Orthodox. Turkish Cypriots comprise the second major ethnic group in Cyprus and most are adherents of Sunni Islam. As such, Greek and Turkish are the official languages of Cyprus.

9. Montenegro - 642,550

#9 Montenegro - 642,550

The Southeast European country of Montenegro with a coastline on the Adriatic Sea is the ninth smallest nation in Europe by population. The population of the country has been estimated to be 642,550. More than 90% of the nation’s population has a Slavic origin. Montenegrin is the only official language of Montenegro. Podgorica is the capital and most populous city of Montenegro.

8. Luxembourg - 594,130

#8 Luxembourg - 594,130

Luxembourg is a small nation bounded by land on all sides. The European nations of Germany, France, and Belgium share borders with the country. Luxembourg has a total area of about 2,586 square km and an estimated population of 594,130 (2017). The inhabitants of the country are known as Luxembourgers and the official languages are Luxembourgish, French, and German. The biggest ethnic minority here is the Portuguese-origin people. Roman Catholicism is the religion of the majority.

7. Malta - 416,338

#7 Malta - 416,338

One of the world’s most densely populated countries, Malta is an island nation in the Mediterranean Sea. The country encompasses an area of only about 316 square km. The country’s population is 416,338 (2017). Malta has a highly homogeneous population in terms of ethnicity with the majority being ethnic Maltese and adhering to the Roman Catholic religion. Maltese and English are the two official languages spoken in Malta.

6. Iceland - 339,747

#6 Iceland - 339,747

Occupying an area of 103,000 square km on the North Atlantic Ocean, Iceland is an island country with a population of only 339,747. It is thus one of the least densely populated nations in the world. The majority of the population (93%) are ethnic Icelanders and speak Icelandic, the official language of Iceland. 99% of the population inhabits urban areas and nearly 60% live in the Capital Region. Christianity is the predominant religion here.

5. Andorra - 76,965

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Located in southwestern Europe and surrounded by land on all sides, Andorra is a mountainous microstate in the Eastern Pyrenees region. With an area of 468 square km, Andorra is the continents 6th smallest nation. It houses a population of only 76,965, making it the continent’s 5th least populated nation. Ethnic Andorrans are surprisingly a minority in their own country (33% of the population) while the Portuguese, French, and Spanish form the majority of the population. Catalan is the sole official language and Christianity is the predominant religion in Andorra.

4. Liechtenstein - 38,244

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Europe’s 4th smallest country by size and third least populated country, Liechtenstein is located in Central Europe where it is landlocked by Austria and Switzerland. The alpine microstate has a population of only 38,244 living in an area of about 160 square km. The major ethnic group in Liechtenstein is the ethnic Alemannic. Standard German is the official language and Christianity is the predominant religion in the country.

3. San Marino - 33,537

Editorial credit: trabantos / Shutterstock.com.

Located on the Italian Peninsula and surrounded on all sides by Italy, the microstate of San Marino is the third-least populated nation of Europe. The country covers an area of about 61 square km and accommodates a population of 33,537. Italians and the native Sanmarinese constitute the majority of the population of the country and as such Sammarinese and Italian are the two official languages spoken in San Marino. 99% of the population is Roman Catholic.

2. Monaco - 30,645

#2 Monaco - 30,645

The Western European nation of Monaco is one of the smallest in the world. Located on the French Riviera, this microstate is bounded on three sides by France. The Mediterranean Sea washes the shores of the remaining side. Monaco has an area of only 2.02 square km. Despite the small area, the country houses a population of 30,645, making it the world’s most densely populated country. The population density here is about 19,009 per square km. French is the official and most widely spoken language of Monaco with French being the largest ethnic group followed by Monegasque and Italian. Christianity is the predominant religion in the country.

1. Vatican City - 1,000

#1 Vatican City - 1,000

The world’s smallest nation by size and population, the Vatican City State is located within the Italian capital city of Rome. The country has a population of only about 1,000 living in an area of only 0.44 square km making it the smallest country in Europe as well as the the smallest country in the world. The citizens of the Vatican are primarily either clergy, officials of the state, and the Swiss Guard. All places of worship and all citizens residing here are affiliated wi the Catholic faith.

The 10 Least Populated Countries Of Europe

RankCountryPopulation (2016)
1Vatican City1,000
2Monaco
30,645
3San Marino
33,537
4Liechtenstein
38,244
5Andorra
76,965
6Iceland
339,747
7Malta
416,338
8Luxembourg
594,130
9Montenegro
642,550
10Cyprus
1,221,549

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