The world’s human population increases by approximately 1.1% annually (which is around 83 million people). It began multiplying on a large level during the industrial revolution of the eighteenth century. The global population has increased from a billion in 1800 to over seven billion, and it is estimated to have reached 8.6 billion by 2030. Currently, over thirteen nations have a population of over 100 million people with two of them having over one billion citizens.
Countries With More Than 100 Million People
1. China - 1,409,516,397
China is a sovereign nation in East Asia which occupies an area of approximately 3,700,000 sq mi. It is the most populated nation globally with a population of approximately 1,409,517,397 as of July 1, 2017. The country has fifty-six ethnic groups with the largest being Han Chinese (91.51% of China’s population). Han Chinese is the biggest ethnic group in the world, and it outnumbers all the other groups in every province except in Xinjiang and Tibet. According to the 2010 census, the population of Han Chinese grew by 66,537,177 people while all the other fifty-five minority groups increased by 7,362,627.
2. India - 1,339,180,127
India is a South Asian nation which had a population of over 1,339,180,127 people by July 1, 2017. It is the seventh largest nation in the world by area and the second most populous country. India experienced a 1.1% increase in 2017. According to the 2011 census report, India had a population of 1,210,193,422 citizens which meant that the population grew by 17.64% from 2001 to 2011. The population of India reached one billion in 1998, and it is projected to be the most populous nation globally by 2024. India’s population growth rate of 1.2% was ranked ninety-fourth globally in 2013. Over 50% of the population of India is below 15 years old.
3. United States - 324,459,463
The United States is a centralized republic which is made up of fifty states, five self-governing territories, and a federal district. The United States occupies an area of about 3.8 million sq mi and has a population of 324,459,463 people. It is the third most populous nation in the world with a growth rate of 0.7%. The population of the United States quadrupled during the twentieth century from seventy million in 1900. It is the only major industrialized country where substantial population growths are projected. The most populous state in the nation is California which had an estimated population of 39,536,653 people by July 1, 2017, followed by Texas and Florida.
4. Indonesia - 263,991,379
Indonesia is a sovereign and a transcontinental nation in Southeastern Asia with various territories in Oceania. It’s the largest island nation in the world which has over 13,000 islands and a population of 263,991,379 people. Indonesia is the fourteenth largest nation by size, seventh regarding land and sea area combined and the fourth most populous nation in the world. As per the 2010 census, Indonesia had a population of over 237.6 million with 58% of the people living in Java (the world’s most populous island). The country’s population density is 357 people per square mile which is ranked eighty-eighth globally. Indonesia has a growth rate of 1.1%, and the population is expected to reach 295 million in 2030.
5. Brazil - 209,288,278
Brazil is the largest nation in Latin and South America which occupies an area of about 8.5 million sq mi, with a population of over 209,288,278 million people. Brazil is the fifth most populous nation and the fifth largest by area in the world. Brazil had a population of 190 million by 2008, with 59 people living per square mile, and 83.75% of the population living in the urban areas. The first Brazilian census was held in 1872, and it confirmed that the nation had a population of 9,930,478. The population grew significantly from 1940 to 1970 due to low mortality rate. The growth rate during the 1940s was 2.4%, and it increased to 3% in 1950s. Since the 1960s it has been declining from 3% to 0.8% in 2017. The growth rate is expected to reach -0.29% by 2050.
Which Country is Growing the Fastest?
Even though China is the most populous nation in the world, it does not have the highest growth rate. The growth rate of China numbers 159th in the world right on top of Curacao and France. India has a growth rate of 1.1% which is the ninety-fifth globally right behind Paraguay, with the United States being number 127. Brazil’s growth rate is one 141st in the world while Indonesia is 124th. The country with the highest growth rate is Oman at 8.5%, followed by Lebanon with 6.0% and Kuwait with 4.8%.